Yorkshire terriers

Description Yorkshire terriers

Confident, Lively, Intelligent
The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the smallest dog breeds. Due to its cute look, it usually looks sweet and very light. But this cute look can also be deceptive, because the Yorkie is also very self-confident and courageous in contrast to its size. He is recognized by the FCI and classified in group 3 of the mini dogs. As the name suggests, the breed originally comes from Scotland and the north of England.FCI Group: Terriers

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 2.4-3.2kg
  • Life expectancy: 10-15 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colours: blue-tan, black-tan, black marks, blue, gold, white

Character Yorkshire terriers

The Yorkie is a very handsome dog. He has a well-proportioned physique and a silky shiny coat. He has dark beady eyes and short, upright, pointed ears.
A special optical feature of the animals is their long, smooth fur. This is usually kept in a bright gold – tan color.

However, the coat color of the Yorkies can also be significantly darker. So there are also so-called blue specimens. These are almost black and have some light applications, mostly in the chest or stomach area.
Many breeders try to create miniature versions of the Yorkshire Terrier. These dogs are bred solely for the sake of looks.

However, this happens much to the chagrin of the dogs. Too small, so-called “toy terriers” have a significantly lower life expectancy. Your body cannot develop freely. This inevitably leads to diseases and health problems. Both mental and physical malformations are the result.

In general, every future dog owner is expressly advised against such breeders.
The nature of the self-confident four-legged friends is impressive. On the one hand, dogs are incredibly affectionate and affectionate. On the other hand, they try to dominate their peers. This can appear aggressive to the outside world.

The little ones are surprisingly brave and self-confident. However, it is precisely this diversity of personality that makes the breed so interesting.
Yorkies like to try to take control, especially when meeting other dogs. They are often brave and like to bark. This behavior can be misinterpreted as aggressive.

Basically, however, the dogs only want to make themselves important. Large dog breeds often do not take the small four-legged friends seriously because of their appearance. Hence this behavior.
Another trigger for the bold, sometimes self-overestimating species is quite simply the character of the animals. They may see themselves as much stronger than they actually are.

Normally, however, this behavior is funny. If it degenerates or the dog actually snaps, clear boundaries must be shown. With a few tips and tricks, such behaviors can also be trained away.
Full of energy, Yorkshire Terriers are not just lap dogs. They love to romp and want to be actively involved.

Their strong hunting instinct also contributes to this. When walking in forests or parks, the dogs pick up the tracks of other animals. Resisting a squirrel or a mouse is almost impossible for the dogs.
The fur noses are basically also suitable as family dogs. However, it should be noted that Yorkshire Terriers are relatively delicate animals.

Children should therefore be taught how to deal with dogs in advance. Since children are not yet particularly good at assessing their strength, caution is advised. Injuries to the animal or defensive protective reactions should be avoided at all costs. If children know how to deal with the four-legged friend, he is a loving and joyful companion.

Diet Yorkshire terriers

The Yorkie’s diet should be balanced and healthy. The small four-legged friends have a lot of energy. You should therefore also take plenty of vitamins.
As with most dog breeds, the Yorkie must not be overweight. This could drastically reduce the life expectancy of the dogs and cause diseases.

On the other hand, the small dogs no longer feel comfortable in their own skin. Running and playing is noticeably more difficult for overweight animals.
Unfortunately, Yorkshire Terriers are prone to getting allergies. If there is a suspicion of an intolerance, this can be clarified with the veterinarian. A corresponding test will then provide certainty.

In the case of an allergy, feeding the animals is somewhat more difficult. Research today, however, already has all kinds of alternatives to offer. Thus, a balanced diet for the little ones is still possible.


Keeping a Yorkshire Terrier is simple. The dogs are also satisfied with cramped living spaces. Also, Yorkshire Terriers do not necessarily need a garden or many hours of exercise in nature. Nevertheless, they should be given daily exercise and go for short walks.
For this reason in particular, Yorkshire Terriers are ideal as city dogs.

The small four-legged friends may be kept in every rented apartment. They can easily be taken anywhere.
The breed is also considered a cuddly lap dog. He can also stand it on the arm or lap of the owner for a longer period of time. This means that traveling with a Yorkie is also unproblematic.

Only the fur care of the four-legged friends requires special attention. The coat needs to be brushed regularly and combed thoroughly. Dirt and grime quickly collects in the fur of the animals when they go for a walk. For the love of the animal, this should be removed immediately. However, frequent washing or even shampooing should be avoided.

This can lead to skin irritation and allergies.
It also makes sense to trim the growing hair at regular intervals. Here, the fur of the animal can be shaved very short, for example, in summer. This makes it easier for the dog to deal with high temperatures and allows it to withstand the heat better. The fur is usually cut with hair clippers or clippers.

Of course, the Yorkie can also wear its coat long. However, it should be noted that the coat does not interfere with the dog’s running or walking. The area around the eyes in particular should be kept short and extensively cared for. This reduces restrictions on the dogs’ field of vision. For the dog itself, a short coat is certainly more comfortable.

For the well-being of the animal, you as the owner should respond to this.
Yorkshire Terriers wearing ribbons and clothes are often seen on the streets. It is perfectly fine to put a sweater on your four-legged friend when the temperature is low. A bow in the hair is also allowed, as long as it doesn’t bother the dog. It should be noted, however, that dogs are living beings.

They should not be thought of as fashion accessories or humanized. Instead, the dogs should be able to let off steam and follow their instincts.


Originating in Great Britain, the breed served as a domestic and farm dog for many centuries. It was mostly kept by poor working-class families as a guard and hunting dog. Despite the small, cramped households, the Yorkie found enough space with its small size.
The lively terrier always protected its territory with iron. He also kept mice, rats and other small animals away.

According to stories, the Yorkie even hunted foxes and maggots that got too close to him and his farm.
Despite its function as a hunter and guardian, the Yorkshire Terrier has also been considered a lap dog for over a century. His cute appearance and his cuddly nature were decisive for this. The little four-legged friend was already spoiled and coddled by his owners back then.
The Yorkshire Terrier was recognized as a dog breed by the British Kennel Club in 1873.

In Germany, on the other hand, the breed only became known in the late 1970s.

Yorkshire terriers Accessories

When training four-legged friends, the influence of the terrier must be taken into account. Even if the animals look small and delicate, they often have a big personality. They like to play and are always on the move. The little darling should be given some toys that he can romp around with carefree. Yorkies are enormously intelligent.

They learn very quickly and enjoy being taught tricks.
Small dog breeds often come across as belligerent and aggressive. This is because they want to prove themselves. Because of their appearance, they are often not taken seriously. However, this is the wish of the animals.

They want to make themselves heard by barking and growling.

7.8Expert Score
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