Description Xoloitzcuintle

Calm, Intelligent, Cheerful
The Xoloitzcuintle – also known as the Mexican Hairless Dog or Xolo for short – is a real exotic breed in Europe. It owes its name, the hairless dog, to its lack of fur. If you are looking for a special family pet and have an allergy to dog dander, this breed could be just the ticket.FCI Group: Spitz – Primitive type dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 4.5-24.9kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Coat Type: Naked
  • Colours: black, brindle, fawn, dark brown, bronze

Character Xoloitzcuintle

The Xoloitzcuintle is also called Mexican Hairless Dog or Xolo for short . The dog breed is recognized by the FCI and falls under the category of dogs in the “original type”. This unique breed of dog has been bred for 3500 years.
The Mexican hairless dog is bred in three different sizes. A distinction is made between standard (46cm – 60cm), medium (36cm – 45cm) and miniature (25cm – 35cm).

There are also Xolos with fur, but they still carry the special genetic defect of the breed.
Xoloitzcuintle with fur have a dense, short coat of hair all over their bodies. The furred dogs possess the same colors as their hairless relatives. Coat and skin colors are black, slate, liver, or bronze. The Xolo can also have white or coffee brown spots.

Hairless and hairy Xoloitzcuintle are crossed for breeding.
The Mexican Hairless Dog is muscular and has a relatively broad chest. The athletic dog’s legs and tail are long and sinewy. Dogs without fur often lack teeth or have no teeth at all. The reason for this is the genetic defect that also causes the missing coat.

If you want a Xolo, keep in mind that he may have dental problems.
What is striking about the Xolo are its pointed bat ears . The almond-shaped eyes can be any color from yellow to black. All Xoloitzcuintle have a leather-like skin that gives them a lot of protection from the cold and wet. They are therefore no more sensitive than short-haired dogs.

However, you should protect your Xolo from the sun, as the dog can easily get sunburned. Light-colored dogs and all light-colored areas on the skin are particularly at risk.
The Xoloitzcuintle is an athletic dog . Because he is easy to train, the Xolo is a pleasant companion dog . He has a friendly nature and is a loving family dog.

The outgoing dog is never aggressive, even with strangers, but can be suspicious. Despite this, the Xolo is an alert and watchful dog.
You should nurture your Xolo through regular play . Walks and exercise in general are very important. The lively dog ​​is cheerful and easy to inspire.

A Xoloitzcuintle that is exercised regularly is a pleasant and calm apartment dog. The Xolos are well suited to canine sports, such as agility .
Especially the Xoloitzcuintle without fur is well suited for allergy sufferers. Of course, you should first test whether you react to the dog and the breed. Only when an allergy has been ruled out should you take a dog with you.

For example, ask a breeder if you can visit them. You can also get to know the nature of the Xoloitzcuintle.

Diet Xoloitzcuintle

The Xolo is a fairly healthy dog, but should be fed well due to its exceptional genetics.
Some Xoloitzcuintle need more food than other dogs. Dogs without fur in particular lose weight faster and have a high energy requirement. It is more difficult for these animals to maintain the base temperature. Make sure you give your Xolo a high-quality feed .

Good feed has a high nutrient density and ensures an adequate supply.
When feeding your Xolos, you should also make sure that your dog weighs evenly. Weigh your Xolo regularly and adjust the feed ration accordingly. Especially the smaller Xolos should get enough food, as they have a higher basal metabolism than large dogs. Some dogs are better at maintaining their weight if they are fed multiple times a day.

A good average is to feed the Xolo twice a day.
If you reward your Xolo with treats, you should subtract them from the main food. There are many healthy treats for dogs. You should avoid additional food with sugar, which can aggravate existing dental problems.
A health problem of the Xolos is their misaligned teeth or missing teeth.

You should therefore check your teeth regularly. Make sure your dog can chew its food well. If your dog has no teeth, you should switch to wet food. If dogs cannot chew their food properly, the food cannot be digested well. As a result, the dog absorbs too few nutrients.

Although Xolos can have dental problems, they do feel the need to chew. Because of this, you should give your Mexican Hairless Dog something to chew on more often. Watch your Xolo and see what he can chew with ease. Rawhide treats work well for most dogs. If your Xolo has serious dental problems, you can also give him soft chew toys.

This allows him to satisfy his natural need to chew without putting too much strain on his teeth.


With the Xolo, which is generally rather easy to care for, some special features should be taken into account, which differ depending on the dog’s coat.
Hairy Xolos have a short, thick coat that should be brushed regularly. Like all dogs, the Xolo should be bathed very infrequently. It is important to only use dog shampoo.
Some hairless Xolos tend to have dry skin, which can be uncomfortable and prone to injury.

You can rub your Xolo with some baby oil, which can be a useful protection, especially during the heating period. Make sure to use an organic baby oil without additives.
If you own a hairless Xolo, its skin should also be protected from the elements . Like a person, bare skin is at risk of sunburn in sunny weather. Especially on very sunny days, your Xolo should be covered with a thin dog coat .

You should make sure that the coat is only made of thin cotton . On very hot days, your Xolo should stay in the shade. Black dogs in particular are very sensitive to heat.
Although Xolos do not have fur, they are not very sensitive. If it’s very cold, your Xolo should still be protected against hypothermia.

This also applies to hairy Xolos. If you have taken your Xolo for a walk in winter, it should wear a warm coat. Especially when the dog is on a leash, it can quickly become hypothermic. The more the dog can run, the better it can keep warm.
In addition to everyday care, you should check the teeth of your Xolos regularly.

It can be helpful to brush your teeth. This requires some patience as most dogs don’t like brushing their teeth. Get your dog used to brushing his teeth as a puppy and use special dog toothbrushes and dog toothpaste. Products for humans are unsuitable as they can be toxic to animals.
You should always have a lot of patience and time when caring for your dog.

If your dog stays still, reward him with food and encouragement.
The bare skin has one advantage: the Xoloitzcuintle are only slightly susceptible to parasites. The thick skin makes it harder for parasites to enter.


The Xolo is one of the oldest dog breeds of all. The Xoloitzcuintle originated in Mexico . To this day, the Xoloitzcuintle in the Andes is held by the Indians. There are even depictions of Xoloitzcuintle dating to around 1700 BC. were made.

The clay figures look very similar to today’s Xolos.
The name Xoloitzcuintle means ” hound of the god Xolotl “. The dogs of the Aztecs were very valuable and respected. For many centuries they were kept by the Aztecs and bred for their appearance.
In earlier times, the Xolo probably had several purposes.

But the dog was never a working animal . He was companion for the sick and warmed them . Sometimes Xolos were sacrificed . In addition, the dogs were sometimes slaughtered and eaten. They were considered a delicacy back then.

Many Xolos mummies have also been found, probably made to accompany the deceased into the afterlife. This shows how important dogs were as companions to humans in earlier times.
The Xolo was crossed with European dogs in later centuries. This gave rise to the Chinese hairless dog . Breeding Xolos is sometimes referred to as torture breeding.

If you want a Xolo, you should find out about the genetics of the dogs. The genetic defect in dogs causes, among other things, that some of the dogs die in the womb.
Today’s Xolo is largely descended from pre-Columbian dogs . Only a small part of the genome is European. The Xolo was almost wiped out after the European conquest of South America.

For many centuries it had almost disappeared.
The Xolo has only been known in Europe since the 1950s. Since then there have also been breeders who want to preserve the breed.

Xoloitzcuintle Accessories

You need a suitable collar and leash for your Xolo . The collar should fit snugly as there is no protective coat of hair. A padded collar can be useful. In the beginning, you should lead your puppy by the harness . This prevents injuries when he pulls on the leash.

Of course, your Xolo needs at least two bowls . In addition, he should have a permanent place to sleep . A padded basket or a dog cushion is suitable for this . You can also assign your dog a blanket on the sofa. Especially in families, the dog should always have an undisturbed retreat.

Your Xolo will likely need protective gear . Always make sure that the clothes fit well. Inappropriate clothing restricts the dog and can rub against the skin. In general, it’s a good sign if your dog likes to run and play in their clothes.

7.1Expert Score
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