Description tornjak

Balanced, Obedient, Dignified
The Tornjak originally comes from what is now Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. He is mainly used as a shepherd dog, herd guard dog and companion dog. He is distinguished by his fidelity, but above all by his appearance.FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs

  • Size: Large
  • Weight: 28-50kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-14 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colours: black and white, red and white, brown and white,

Character tornjak

The Tornjak belongs to group 2 of the FCI. His FCI standard number is 355. He is a large and powerful dog , his body is well proportioned and he is agile.
He fits very well into a family life with house and yard or garden. He likes to protect the property.

He also goes very well with a farm , where he will be happy to take care of the herd. He needs a large territory and is very active here .
Typical of a livestock guardian dog is its pronounced protective drive towards its fellow human beings. Therefore, the owner should be familiar with mollosers.
An adult male is 70 cm high at the withers and weighs around 50 kg.

Bitches are slightly smaller and lighter.
The ears are hanging but not very long. Its coat is long, wavy, and weatherproof . He has a thick undercoat . So it is also ideally equipped for outdoor use in unfavorable weather in winter.

Although the Tornjak is not generally considered aggressive, it can occasionally become suspicious of strangers or even other dogs and animals. This distrust can turn into aggressiveness if the owner does not have a confident demeanor. Therefore, consistent training is very important.
This breed is confident and would know how to defend themselves or others in an emergency. She is highly trainable and willing to carry out her owner’s commands.

Diet tornjak

As with other dogs, the Tornjak should be fed good quality food . This can be ready-made food or self-prepared barf food.
When barfing, you should definitely pay attention to balanced and varied ingredients so that your dog can also consume all the vital substances for its health.
Regardless of whether ready-made food or BARF, the food should be tailored to the age, activity level, special allergies or intolerances.
Some Tornjaks tend to be overweight .

Therefore, you should definitely pay attention to the calorie intake. You should also weigh him regularly.
Treats can be an important support during training. In terms of calories, these should be included in the daily feed requirement.
Clean, fresh drinking water should be available at all times.


Grooming not only keeps a dog healthy, it also builds a deep bond between him and his owner.
Although the Tornjak has a fairly dense and wavy coat and a thick undercoat, it is not high maintenance. It is perfectly sufficient if you brush it thoroughly every week . An occasional bath with a suitable dog shampoo is possible if he is too dirty.
You should definitely avoid shearing .

It would change the texture of the coat and undercoat, which is not recommended. The undercoat protects the dog from the cold and wet in winter. This protects it from the sun and heat in summer.
The tornjak’s strong, fast-growing claws should be trimmed or sharpened regularly to prevent overgrowth, tearing, or the like. Nails that are too long can also have a negative effect on a dog’s posture, which over time can lead to health problems in the skeletal structure.

You should also regularly check and clean the ears for dirt, parasites or other harmful deposits. You can use a suitable dog ear cleaner for this.
The teeth should be brushed. You can also give him occasional chews that reduce plaque build-up.
It is best if you start with the care, the necessary checks and brushing as a puppy.

This way your dog will get used to it faster and it will be a pleasant experience for him.


The Tornjak breed is the descendant of native, genetically homogeneous old-type shepherd dogs, which were almost extinct. They were distributed in the mountainous areas and valleys of Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia.
This breed was first mentioned in written documents in 1067 and 1374.
In the early 1970s , systematic efforts to save this breed from extinction began in Bosnia, Croatia and Herzegovina. Pureblood breeding began in 1978.

Today, the breed consists of numerous purebred dogs. Since May 2012, the AKC has listed the breed in its Foundation Stock Service for possible recognition.

tornjak Accessories

As with other dogs, food and water bowls are necessary.
In addition, there is a leash , collar or harness . When choosing a leash, please note that your dog is particularly large and strong. The line must be tear-resistant, but also soft enough. Because if your Tornjak suddenly bolts, it can tear or cause abrasions on your hand.

For transport in the car you need a safe transport box . It should be equipped to protect the dog in an emergency situation. Also consider that dogs are considered transport goods by law when transported by means of transport and must therefore be transported in a transport box with appropriate safety belts.
Your Tornjak also needs a retreat that serves as a lying and sleeping area. Here a dog bed in his size would be recommended.

Best washable and dirt-repellent. If he is outside, such as in the yard, a kennel is suitable. A blanket or cushion can be used as a base.
A brush and comb for regular grooming should not be missing from the accessories. Also toothpaste and a toothbrush .

A tick tweezers , claw scissors should also be there.
The toys should not be too small, as there could be a risk that he swallows them. Also, it should be borne in mind that this dog is very strong. They should therefore be stable enough. Frisbees or balls are suitable for outdoor play.

The Tornjak is also happy to find hidden objects . He is always willing to learn new tricks.

6.6Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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