Spanish Mastiff (Mastín Español)

Description Spanish Mastiff (Mastín Español)

Intelligent, Confident, Determined
The Mastín Español – known in German as the Spanish Mastiff – is a very large, bulky dog ​​that is aware of its strength. This is quite useful for its task as a livestock guardian dog, which can even take on wolves. However, for many people this breed is intimidating, even without the giant demonstrating its strength. But is this fear justified?FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs

  • Size: Large
  • Weight: 54-90kg
  • Life expectancy: 10-12 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colours: yellow, fawn, red, black, wolf grey, deer red; also brindle, spotted or with a white ruff

Character Spanish Mastiff (Mastín Español)

The Spanish Mastiff is a confident dog. He is known for his resolute stand against strangers and even predators when he perceives them as a threat. This intelligent, attentive four-legged friend assesses situations precisely and then decides how much of his enormous strength to use if the worst comes to the worst. This trait stems from the fact that this breed was bred primarily to guard and defend land and livestock.
It is therefore a dog with a strong protective instinct and a natural distrust of strangers.

However , he would never attack without a reason . This balance of strength and calmness is one of the most important traits in breeding the Spanish Mastiff. At the same time, the massive four-legged friend has infinite love and affection for his family. He loves to always be there with his people.
With consistent training and socialization, he is also well suited as a family dog, as long as he has a task and can live out his protective instinct.

He gets along well with children. The Spanish Mastiff is very patient and will be cheerful and affectionate with children . Nevertheless, one should not leave small children alone with it, as it is still huge and very heavy and accidents can always happen.
The big four-legged friend tolerates other dogs, but is not known for wanting to play with them. He much prefers to observe what is happening and is constantly alert to see, smell or hear anything suspicious.

The Spanish Mastiff can be trained well with loving consistency and can even learn many tricks in the process. He is intelligent and works with concentration, but still does not want to please his family at any price. If you treat him roughly or stubbornly, he will decide for himself that he will not obey. This powerhouse knows he can afford it.
After all, the bitches of this breed grow to at least 72 cm and the males reach a height of at least 77 cm at the withers.

However, both have room for improvement and the minimum size can and should be surpassed. There is no official weight for this breed, but many specimens range from 54 to 90 kg.
Their short to medium-length coat is thick, coarse, and lies flat against the body. As a result, these dogs are well protected from the weather in mountainous areas, where they originally had their jobs. A distinction is made between the top coat on the back and the coat that protects the ribs and flanks of this breed.

The coat is slightly shorter on the legs, while growing longer and silkier on the tail.
The Spanish Mastiff does not have a specific coat color . Nevertheless, monochromatic specimens in yellow, fawn, red, black, wolf gray or deer red are preferred in breeding. But according to the FCI breed standard, brindle, piebald or dogs with a white ruff are also allowed.

Diet Spanish Mastiff (Mastín Español)

The Mastín Español is a very large, massive dog. It therefore requires more food than many other breeds . However, you should be careful not to overfeed them, especially when they are growing . Like all large dog breeds, the Spanish Mastiff is prone to hip dysplasia . Although this is mostly genetic, it is made worse by growing too quickly, as this puts a lot of strain on the bones and joints.

So while high-quality, high-energy food is essential for these four-legged friends, a strict diet plan should be followed , ideally discussed with a veterinarian. In addition, the daily amount of food should be divided into 2-3 meals to prevent gastric torsion. This is extremely serious and can be fatal if left untreated.
As a general rule of dog nutrition, it should be noted that they need a high protein content – ​​more precisely, a lot of meat – in their food . However, fruit and vegetables should not be missing.

Many dogs also tolerate grain , but you have to try it out with each four-legged friend individually. High-quality dog ​​food contains neither sugar nor chemical additives such as flavor enhancers or colorings. Always read the ingredients on the packaging carefully. As a rule of thumb, you can remember: Words you don’t understand don’t belong in the food!


When it comes to grooming , the Spanish Mastiff is fairly straightforward . It is enough to brush it occasionally to remove dead hair and coarse dirt. It should only be brushed more frequently twice a year when it changes its coat. The ears, eyes, teeth and claws should also be checked regularly, as is necessary for every dog.
So while the physical grooming routine is fairly simple, keeping the Mastín Español is far from easy.

This breed is definitely not suitable as a beginner dog. Only experienced herding dog owners can properly handle these intelligent, powerful and confident four-legged friends.
Your upbringing is no cakewalk. These furry friends do not strive to please their owner at any cost . If they don’t like what’s being asked of them, they prefer to do their own thing.

They know very well that they can afford that given their size. With loving consistency and patience , the Spanish Mastiff can still be raised to make a wonderful companion.
A precise task that he can deny in everyday life is also absolutely necessary for this dog. After all, he was bred to protect herds. If the Spanish Mastiff has his job and can exercise himself physically and mentally, he also likes to cuddle with his family at home and enjoy being together.

It is therefore definitely not suitable for keeping in a city apartment, but should not be excluded from family life in the house either.


The Spanish Mastiff is a Molossian. These are very large, heavy and powerful dogs that have existed since ancient times . It is not known in detail how the Mastín Español came about. The widespread assumption is that the ancestors of this breed were brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Greeks and Phoenicians around 2000 years ago .
There they quickly became popular among Spanish itinerant shepherds.

The dogs quickly proved that they independently guard herds and defend effectively against predators such as wolves and also against cattle rustlers. An additional advantage of these four-legged friends is that they are robust and reliably fulfill their tasks in all areas and weather conditions.
As a result, the breed spread very quickly in Spain and was highly valued among shepherds. They are still very popular in their home country today. Outside of Spain, however, these dogs are hardly known to this day.

Already on November 13th, 1954 the strong herd protection dogs were recognized by the FCI.

Spanish Mastiff (Mastín Español) Accessories

Basically, the Mastín Español needs the same equipment as any other fur nose . However , this power pack needs particularly stable and large versions of everything . So make sure that the equipment is of very high quality . In general, there should also be a lot of space for this four-legged friend, since its berths are also huge.
A large brush and nail clippers are essential.

In addition, toothpaste, toothbrush, ear cleaner and a high-quality dog ​​shampoo are advisable for the care of a dog. In addition, the costs for the above-average amounts of feed should not be underestimated. Dog liability insurance is also advisable. Accidents happen faster than you think and with such a powerful four-legged friend, the costs can quickly exceed expectations. A good veterinarian is also important in keeping a dog.

6.6Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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