Description Shar Pei
Independent, loyal, strong-willed
The Shar Pei originally comes from China. This rare dog breed with the folds of skin and the shell-shaped ears is now also well-known in the western world. The dog breed recognized by the FCI is classified in Group 2. The calm and strong-willed Shar-Pei loves to live in a family of their own.FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs
- Size: medium
- Weight: 20-27kg
- Life expectancy: 8-12 years
- Coat type: short hair
- Colours: All colors except white
Character Shar Pei
The Shar-Pei with a height at the withers of 44 to 51 cm is one of the medium-sized dog breeds. The body weight varies between 20 and 27 kg. The bitches can reach a height at the withers of up to 48 cm.
The Chinese wrinkled dog has numerous folds on the head and back in adulthood . The overbred form with extreme skin folds is not desired as a breed standard.
Only the puppies have to “grow” into their skin first. This means that the young dogs consist mainly of skin folds.
Typical of this breed are the small eyes and the shell-shaped ears . The blue- black tongue is striking , similar to that of the Chow-Chow.
The short and rough coat has no undercoat.
His fur color is always uniform. The Shar-Pei is available in different colors, for example in black, cream, sand, lilac or red. There are also different shades of brown . The color white is not approved by the FCI.
The rolled rod fits the overall picture of the compact Shar-Pei.
The Chinese wrinkled dog has a life expectancy of 8 to 12 years.
The Shar-Pei breed is classified under the Molossian category. This “kinship” is also reflected in his calm and composed demeanor.
The ancestors of today’s Shar-Pei were used as guard dogs and hunting dogs. The genes for these traits are still present today.
The “modern” Shar-Pei is no longer used in these areas.
An adaptable companion and family dog , this breed is characterized by intelligence and a willingness to learn . He has a strong will of his own that sometimes reaches the point of stubbornness.
The education must be carried out with consistency and empathy. Despite his strong will, he is very sensitive and does not tolerate pressure.
His behavior towards strangers is reserved and alert. But he does not possess excessive barking behavior. In conspecifics, he shows a dominant behavior.
He loves his own family more than anything. Unfortunately, he tends to favor a certain reference person.
He does not like being alone and suffers from separation pains. Being alone needs to be trained from a young age.
The individual character of the Shar-Pei can already be seen in puppyhood. The ” sportier” type likes to go jogging, walking, cycling or long hikes. The more ” comfortable” type is happy with daily walks and small activities.
Sniffing around is enough for him to keep busy.
What all Shar Peis have in common is their fear of water. Only occasionally do these dogs go swimming and splashing about voluntarily.
The Sar-Pei is prone to respiratory sinus arrhythmia , which means its heart rate fluctuates as it breathes. When you breathe in, your heart rate increases and when you breathe out, it drops again.
In addition, there are breed predispositions to a number of skin diseases such as mucinosis, ear infections, atopic dermatitis, eye diseases, Shar Pei fever, kidney and gastrointestinal diseases.
Diet Shar Pei
The Shar-Pei’s diet is based on age, weight, and activity level. Feeding this dog breed is no more complicated than other breeds. You have to pay attention to balanced and high-quality food.
The nutrition of puppies and young dogs should be specially tailored to the growth phase. An optimal diet is positive for muscle and cartilage formation as well as the stability of the bone structure.
In adult dogs, the diet is tailored to size, weight and character traits. You have to feed a “sporty” Shar-Pei differently than a “comfortable” representative of this breed.
The most important components of a diet are proteins. However, this energy supplier must not be given in abundance. A Shar-Pei cannot shed excess protein.
This can lead to joint and kidney disease.
The nutritional needs are different for every dog. Every high-quality feed has its own nutrient composition. What is good for one Shar-Pei may be bad for another. Breeders, veterinarians or specialist nutritionists can advise you on the correct nutrient composition.
Many Shar Peis tend to be overweight. That’s why you have to pay special attention to the portions. Divide the daily ration into two meals. As a result, the feeling of hunger is not so great and the food is swallowed less. When calculating the daily ration, take into account the treats given throughout the day.
These calories must be deducted from the daily ration.
Provide your dog with enough fresh water. Water supports digestion. The liquid stimulates the work of the kidneys and the toxins are excreted.
The Shar-Pei is no more sensitive than other dog breeds.
However, food allergies can still occur. A sensitive stomach can be caused by regular use of medication. The veterinarian can help and advise with such problems. The right feed helps with hypersensitivity.
The Shar-Pei is one of the easy-care dog breeds. You don’t have to brush the short coat often. As a rule, the change of coat also runs smoothly, since this breed of dog has no undercoat. During this time, brushing once a week will encourage hair renewal.
Dust or dirt can easily be removed with a strong cloth or brush.
Regular bathing of the dog is not necessary. There are two reasons. On the one hand the Shar-Pei hates water and on the other hand the fur cleans itself. The exception is, of course, if your dog is rolling in a smelly pool or in a puddle. This is unlikely, however, since the Shar-Pei does not like water on its body.
The skin folds of adult dogs are also not a problem. Provided it is not an overbred edition of this breed. If wrinkles form normally, a regular check is sufficient.
A more intensive inspection of the skin folds is necessary in puppies and young dogs. This maintenance effort is necessary until adulthood.
The young dog’s fur has many skin folds. These wrinkles must be checked and cleaned. This care prevents inflammation.
Shar-Peis with extreme wrinkling need more care. The care of the skin folds is necessary into old age.
The FCI breeding standard avoids this extreme formation of wrinkles.
Claw care is generally not necessary. With regular walks on hard paths, the claws wear themselves out. If the dog’s habitat has areas with a lot of sand or grass, you have to expect regular clipping of the claws.
The ears should be checked weekly and cleaned with a special cleaner.
It is best if the dog is already used to it when it is a puppy.
The Shar-Pei is an ancient Chinese breed of dog . This representative of the “ancient breeds” lived in the south of China. The occurrence of the Shar-Peis can be proven on the basis of historical finds as early as the Han Dynasty (206 BC to 220 AD).
The “ancient breed” is genetically distinct from other dog breeds. In 2010, analysis found evidence that the Shar-Pei had interbred with Chinese wolves.
The habitat of this dog breed was in rural areas in southern China. His main tasks were the protection of house and yard and driving away wild animals. His hunting instinct was used for hunting small game and rats. Other sources prove that the Shar-Pei was also used as a fighting dog up until the 19th century .
A photo of a Shar-Pei first appeared in an American magazine in May 1971.
At the time, it was claimed that this was the last dog of its kind. Research revealed that there were only 140 specimens left in the world. Hong Kong breeder Matgo Law campaigned to save the dying dog breed.
In 1997, the export of Chinese dogs was banned. As early as 1991, 70,000 Shar-Pei were registered in the USA.
In 1992, the Shar-Pei was recognized as a dog breed. It was recognized by the AKC (American Kennel Club). The breeding characteristics were established in the late 1980s.
The Shar-Pei population is slowly recovering. However, it is still considered a rare dog breed.
In the meantime, there are also breeders of the “Chinese fold dog” in Europe.
Shar Pei Accessories
A collar and/or harness and leash are normal accessories for this dog breed. When buying, you should make sure that neither the collar nor the harness chafe. It is best to take your dog to the specialist shop and try the product on the spot.
Due to its short fur without undercoat, it is sensitive to various weather influences. Rain, snow, wind and cold can be endured better with a dog coat .
A Shar-Pei is very eager to learn. A “treat” is ideal for motivation and reward. Please include low calorie variations and subtract treats from your daily ration as this breed tends to be overweight.
Depending on the temperament and age of the Shar-Pei, dog play is well suited. In bad weather, you can keep your Shar-Pei busy with exciting indoor games.
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