Description Schapendoes

Attentive, Cheerful, Spirited
The Schapendoes comes from the Netherlands. The dogs are very loyal and appreciate being able to work extensively. In addition, they are very light on their feet. Therefore, these animals were used primarily as shepherd dogs in the past.FCI Group: Herding Dogs – Cattle Dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 12-25kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colours: blue grey, black, white

Character Schapendoes

The Schapendoes is a medium sized dog . An adult male can be between 43 and 50 cm tall. A bitch is slightly smaller and can grow to a span of 40 and 47 cm.
The growth length of the Schapendoes slightly exceeds their growth height. The Schapendoes has a long tail.

This carries the animal either upright, hanging or horizontally. This depends on his mood or the nature of the gait.
The Schapendoes attracts attention with its dense and extraordinary growth of hair. As a result, this shaggy dog ​​is often perceived to be larger and heavier than it really is. Under his mane of hair, however, hides a dog of little weight.

The Schapendoes therefore moves very light-footed and has a strong jumping ability.
The Schapendoes has undercoat. Its hair can grow up to more than 7 cm long. The fur is not smooth, but has slight waves. The hair of the Schapendoes grows very dense and does not feel velvety, but rather thin and dry.

Because of its coat, the Schapendoes can reach such a large size. The dense growth of hair can also sometimes obstruct the Schapendoes’ vision.
Due to the strong growth of fur, the animal’s head also appears larger and stronger than what is really hidden under the hair. The Schapendoes looks at you with big, lively and loving eyes. These are forward facing.

The animal’s ears hang down on its head. The Schapendoes has a strong neck. So he carries his head proudly and upright.
The front legs of the animal are straight. The hind legs are more muscular than the front legs.

In relation to the legs, the paws of the Schapendoes are quite large.
The Schapendoes appears in all coat colors. However, the most common color variant is a black and blue-grey colored coat.
Deep down, the Schapendoes is still a herding dog. Nowadays, however, he is kept as a family, companion or fashion dog.

The Schapendoes is a very intelligent , fun-loving , attentive and loving fellow. Because of these characteristics , this animal is very suitable as a family dog. The Schapendoes is also suitable for families with small children.
However, the Schapendoes is a dog that loves to work as it was bred to do so. As such, he loves to be given ample exercise and employment .

Above all, he likes having to do demanding jobs. The Schapendoes is therefore particularly suitable as a rescue dog, for example.
The upbringing of the Schapendoes is quite pleasant compared to other dogs. He is very intelligent and attentive . Additionally, he doesn’t care much about hunting.

However, he likes to be independent.
So you shouldn’t be too lenient when it comes to upbringing. Your Schapendoes will quickly develop into an extremely loyal friend. He will always delight you with his joie de vivre.

Diet Schapendoes

The Schapendoes makes no special demands on its diet. Nevertheless, you should pay attention to a high-quality feed . The feed should contain a high proportion of meat and a low proportion of grain.
You should always be sparing with treats. If you overfeed your four-legged friend, you are doing him a disservice.

Especially since the Schapendoes is characterized by its light-footedness.
You should not spoil your Schapendoes with food rewards. Instead, you’d better keep him busy with demanding work tasks. Then you can also allow him one or two treats.


The Schapendoes requires less care than you might think at first glance. In particular, grooming this animal does not prove to be difficult. It is usually easier than with some dogs with short hair.
All you have to do is comb your Schapendoes properly every one to three weeks. However, this procedure can take a little longer.

But other than that, there’s not much to do.
The Schapendoe’s hair is more or less self-cleaning. Therefore, you should only occasionally wash your four-legged friend with dog shampoo.
Unlike most short-haired dogs, the Schapendoes sheds almost no hair. In addition, the shed hair does not become wedged as stubbornly as short dog hair.

However, collecting the hair still involves work.
In wet weather, mud can get caught in the lower part of the coat. Especially on the paws and legs. In this case, you should of course rinse your four-legged friend’s paws and legs with warm water.
If your Schapendoes is even younger, caring for its coat can be a bit more work-intensive.

Especially before the second year of life, grooming is often associated with patience. Not just from your side. You also need to get your dog used to being in charge of how often and for how long he gets brushed.
In the period before the second year of life, the coat of the Schapendoe changes. The soft hair of the puppy turns into the harder coat of the adult dog.

Therefore, it can happen that the coat becomes matted without care. During this time you should regularly check the condition of the coat. In an emergency, you will have to comb the fur several times a week.
Don’t be too good-natured or indulgent if your dog doesn’t want to. This can take revenge with tangles, so that in the worst case the hair coat has to be shaved off.

It is therefore important that you get your Schapendoes used to grooming their fur at an early stage.
You can achieve this by getting your dog used to brushing from a young age. During this time, no grooming is actually necessary. Only in the period of transition from juvenile to adult Schapendoes. Nevertheless, the animal will accept the later hair care better.

This is usually necessary in the period between the ninth month and the second year of life.
The Schapendoe’s strong claws should be trimmed or sharpened regularly. This way you avoid overgrowing, splitting or cracking the nails.
Ears should be checked regularly and cleaned if necessary. The accumulation of earwax and debris can lead to infection.

The area around the eyes should also be checked and cleaned regularly.
Finally, you should start taking care of your teeth as a puppy so that your four-legged friend gets used to it. This way you can avoid plaque and tartar.


The Schapendoes originated in the Netherlands . His ancestors were probably an old, small breed of shepherd dogs, the sheep poodle .
Sheep Poodles were small, agile herding dogs that possessed a shaggy coat. They were extraordinarily willing to work and frugal. They were also characterized by being very resilient and clever.

Soon there were only a few Sheep Poodles left in Europe. They had previously been widespread throughout Europe. However, these were gradually suppressed. For example, German and Belgian Shepherd Dogs made an appearance. In addition, transhumance has decreased.

Many shepherds now had to earn their money in other ways and no longer had a use for a shepherd dog.
Until 1940 the Schapendoes lived relatively undiscovered in the heathlands of the Netherlands . They were used by shepherds mainly because of their willingness to work and their intelligence. Also because the Schapendoes were characterized by robustness and loyalty. Using Schapendoes as family or companion dogs was not the original intention.

The judge and cynologist Toepoel valued the Schapendoes breed. Without him, the Schapendoes would probably have been declared extinct. E ven during the Second World War, Toepoel tried to revive the breed.
In 1947 an association of Dutch Schapendoes was founded. This still exists and takes care of this breed all over the world.

In 1952 the breed was provisionally recognized by a Dutch Kennel Club. Two years later, the first standards were set and a stud book was started to be kept.
In 1991, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the Schapendoes.
In the meantime, the association Schapendoes e. V.

for the preservation of this breed. About 100 new puppies of the shaggy four-legged friends are born every year.

Schapendoes Accessories

A brush and a comb are therefore essential for the care of a Schapendoes . There are also special combs to get rid of tangles. Your four-legged friend could also use this to keep him from shearing. If the hair is so matted that it can no longer be brushed, you may also have to shave your Schapendoes.
Otherwise, you should avoid cutting off the fur of your Schapendoes as far as possible.

You don’t need hair scissors or anything like that.
The basic equipment of every dog ​​includes a dog leash , collar or harness , a food and water bowl , a dog blanket and a transport box .
Toys that develop a dog’s intelligence are ideal for a Schapendoe. You can also think about how you can balance his need to work and thus keep him active so that he is not bored.

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