Persistent, Lively, Friendly
The Samoyed attracts a lot of attention with its striking appearance. The dogs with the snow-white, lush fur have a mischievous expression on their faces. ‘Cause it seems like they’re smiling Although they are real all-rounders, the breed is largely unknown.FCI Group: Spitz – Primitive type dogs
- Size: medium
- Weight: 16-30kg
- Life expectancy: 13-14 years
- Coat type: long hair
- Colours: White, white with cream or beige spots
The Samoyed belongs to Group 5 Spitz and archetypal dogs of the FCI. Within this group he belongs to section 2, Nordic sled dogs. The origin of the breed is in Russia. The patronage lies with the Association of the Nordic States.
The Samoyed is a medium-sized dog.
Males reach a shoulder height of 57 cm, females 53 cm. A deviation of up to 3 cm is allowed for both. The physique is compact, strong and looks elegant. The weight is between 18 kg and 30 kg.
The head is large, powerful and wedge-shaped.
It is slightly arched with a faint indentation between the eyes. The muzzle is strong and tapers towards the nose. The fur around the neck and shoulders is dense and looks like a mane.
The Samoyed’s ears are small and erect. They are triangular, thick, and slightly rounded at the tips.
The distance between the ears is large because of the wide skull.
The almond-shaped eyes are slightly angled. Together with the raised corners of his lips, it looks like he’s smiling. This facial expression is typical of the Samoyed. The eye color is dark brown.
Blue or bicolor eyes are not allowed in the breed standard.
The Samoyed’s coat is ideally suited to the climate in the far north. The soft, dense undercoat protects him from the cold. The top coat is smooth and slightly longer in males. The hair is thicker, especially around the neck and on the hind legs.
The coat color must be pure white or cream according to the breed standard. White with few cream markings is allowed. Deviations or other coat colors are considered breeding errors.
The Samoyed is a versatile dog. He is people-oriented and open-minded.
His friendly and lively nature makes him an excellent family dog. Although he likes to be outdoors, a pure kennel attitude would be unsuitable. Because Samoyeds are sociable and always want to be with their family.
This breed’s urge to move is relatively large. A Samoyed is still suitable as an apartment or city dog.
He should only have the opportunity to let off steam outdoors every day. The playful and intelligent Samoyed needs lots of play and variety.
Samoyeds do not show aggression and are not the best guard dogs. They would bark and report the intruder, but not ask. Her nature is too friendly and carefree for that.
They get along with dogs and other animals. Their hunting instinct is weak.
Still, raising a Samoyed can be a challenge. This breed is very proud and has a mind of its own. You cannot expect blind obedience from a Samoyed.
He will first weigh the situation and the command and then make a conscious decision.
That’s not to say the Samoyed is untrainable. With consistency, patience, and sure instinct, you can also raise a Samoyed. A little positive reinforcement and incentives can help.
The Samoyed is surprisingly adaptable.
Although originally from a cold climate, it does well in heat. However, you should not overtax it in very warm weather. Provide him with enough shade and water to cool off.
The diet of the Samoyed is uncomplicated. They are not overly prone to allergies or obesity. Nevertheless, the breed needs a balanced and species-appropriate diet for a long healthy dog life.
A healthy dog food should contain lots of high-quality proteins and vegetables. The vegetables provide the necessary vitamins and minerals to keep your darling healthy.
Carbohydrates, such as grains, should only be fed in very small amounts. Choose a food that contains no sugar.
The care required for the Samoyed is usually not very large. You should brush the fur thoroughly about once or twice a week. With the Samoyed’s snow-white coat, it’s tempting to give them a bath once they’re a little dirty. Because every puddle of rain leaves its mark on the immaculate white fur.
Nevertheless, you have to be very economical with bathing.
Because shampoo and soap attack the protective fat on the undercoat. The skin is no longer adequately protected, dries out and cracks. The hair looks dull and lackluster. Therefore, only bathe your Samoyed in extreme emergencies and when it is very dirty.
Twice a year grooming the Samoyed is more time-consuming.
Because then the dogs change their coat and lose a lot of hair. As an owner, you should be prepared that everything your darling comes into contact with will be full of dog hair. More frequent brushing can help, but won’t prevent it.
Otherwise, grooming does not differ from that of other dog breeds. Check the thick coat for ticks and remove them after each walk.
The eyes, ears and teeth also need to be checked and cleaned regularly.
The Samoyed has long hair between the toes. Check the gaps regularly and carefully cut out matted hair. You can look for injuries or cracks on the paws.
The origins of the Samoyed lie in northern Russia and Siberia. There he lived with the Samoyed tribes of the same name. The Samoyed had to take on various tasks. He was a guard dog, herding dog, hunting dog and, if necessary, also used as a sled dog.
But for the indigenous Samoyed peoples of Russia, he was more than just a workhorse.
They were full family members who were even allowed to sleep in tents at night. There they gave their owners warmth in the icy night.
According to the breed standard, the Samoyed’s fur can only be pure white to light beige. In his homeland, they are also available in other colors. Black and brown spotted dogs live especially in southern Siberia and northern Russia.
They are not recognized as pedigree dogs by the breed standard.
In 1889, British zoologist Ernest Kilbourne Scott traveled to Russia. He lived with the Samoyed tribes for 3 months. There he became acquainted with the dogs and took a small brown puppy with him when he returned. Later he imported a cream-colored bitch and a snow-white male.
Various research groups used the Samoyed as sled dogs for their expeditions. In the 19th and 20th centuries, these were mainly European and American researchers. They brought some animals back to their homeland from these expeditions.
The imported dogs formed the basis for breeding in Europe. Since the breeders only had a few animals at their disposal, they also crossed Spitz with them.
Kilbourne Scott is considered the founder of the Samoyed. They have been a recognized dog breed in their own right since 1913.
Other dog breeds such as the Eurasier later emerged from the Samoyed breed. Although the Samoyed is very persistent, it is rarely used as a sled dog today. Huskies and Malamutes are better suited as they are faster and stronger.
Therefore, he lives outside his home exclusively as a house and family dog.
The Samoyed is very playful and smart. He enjoys toys that challenge him physically. A ball or frisbee that he can chase are ideal for this.
A former sled dog, the Samoyed is an avid runner. If you don’t have enough stamina, you can cycle with him.
With a little training and a good bike leash, you’ll soon be able to go on a bike ride together.
The Samoyed is happy about any sporting activity outdoors. If you want to keep such a dog, you should be prepared for it. Choose an exercise that you enjoy and that you can do together.
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