Saint Bernard

Description Saint Bernard

Meek, Alert, Calm
He has trusting eyes, cuddly fur, is strong as an ox and above all courageous: the Saint Bernard is considered a true friend and savior in times of need. The most famous of them was called Barry. He lived in Switzerland and is surrounded by legends. He is said to have saved 40 people from icy death in the Swiss high Alps.FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs

  • Size: Large
  • Weight: 54-81kg
  • Life expectancy: 8-10 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colours: Brownish Yellow, Red White, Reddish Brown Brindle, Reddish Brown Splash, Reddish Brown Mantle

Character Saint Bernard

As big as the body of the St. Bernard, so is his heart. Good nature and exceptional love for children make the giant a popular family dog. He feels particularly comfortable in families with small children. He is a well- balanced and calm dog who can hardly be disturbed by anything.

The gentle giant is very sensitive. Therefore, he needs close contact with people. Life in a kennel is torture for the devoted dog. Reliability, vigilance and a moderate protective instinct make it a reliable watchdog. He’s not aggressive.

With his imposing appearance that is not necessary.
Nevertheless, its power should not be underestimated when living together with the family. He is playful and cuddly. That’s why a well-intentioned little “nudge” can quickly cause a toddler to fall. In order to steer his power in the right direction, he needs consistent training.

Because the Swiss are known as “stubborn”. Firmly integrated into the family, he proves to be a loyal and obedient companion.
In order to always have fun with the dog, consistent training is a basic requirement. A colossus who is stubborn and listlessly follows instructions is no fun. You should also keep in mind that a St.

Bernard can be stronger than a well-trained male.
The intimate and deep bond with the owner is the basis of the upbringing. But in no case coercive measures or hardship. Even as a puppy, he should be trained with consistency. Young Saint Bernards are often lively and quite challenging to be led.

Despite this, the dog is easy to train.
The St. Bernard has a height at the withers of up to 90 cm. Its body weight reaches an average of 80 kg. This makes it one of the heaviest and largest dog breeds in the world.

The powerful body with its large head and massive neck give it its imposing appearance. At first glance, this might seem a bit scary. But only until the giant shows his gentle nature.
The tolerable St. Bernard is long-haired and stock-haired today.

The hair of the original pedigree dog was stock-haired or short-haired. Now they are also long-haired. The short-haired version has a dense, smooth and close-lying top coat. The long-haired version has medium-length and straight top coat. Hair may be slightly wavy above the hips.

The fur is white with gradations. These can be reddish brown or reddish brown with white. Badges in white are expressly desired. Markings are found on the chest, nose, paws, neck and tip of the tail. The white ruff and a dark mask make the image of the dog giant perfect.

Diet Saint Bernard

If you buy a St. Bernard, it will likely be a puppy. Feeding St. Bernard puppies is relatively simple. The little colossus should initially be fed 3 to 4 times a day .

Later, as a young dog, he needs food twice a day . It is easiest if you decide to use ready-made food. This provides the dog with all the necessary minerals and vitamins throughout.
Additional doses of dietary supplements are not recommended. This makes it easy to oversupply in the diet.

In the worst case, this leads to illness. Since St. Bernards grow very quickly, feed with a relatively low protein content is clearly preferable. Because the dogs should not be additionally stimulated. Slow development is gentler on the dog’s bones and joints.

The amount of feed required varies from person to person. With large breeds, it is important to keep the dogs slimmer. Overweight leads to permanent damage to the skeleton and ligaments in growing dogs. If you are unsure about the diet, your breeder will certainly help with advice.
Adult Saint Bernards can be fed once a day.

However, feeding twice is preferable. In this way, the dog is not burdened with a single large amount of food. Fresh water must be available to the dog at all times.


Regular combing and brushing is sufficient for grooming. Whereas this is a bit more complex with the long-haired variants than with short-haired dogs. This is especially true during the shedding of the coat. When brushing, you also check whether ticks or fleas have crept in.
Looking into the dog’s ears and careful cleaning are also part of the care.

Checking the dog’s teeth for tartar should also be carried out regularly. In addition, you should pay special attention to eye care in order to detect possible diseases in time and avoid problems. For the four-legged friend, this care is also an opportunity to get in close contact with you.
It actually goes without saying that such a large dog should only be kept if you have a house with a spacious garden . St.

Bernards don’t belong in small rental apartments in the city. This people-oriented giant also requires close family proximity. He would only wither away if he was kept in a kennel.
However, you should also note that the breed tends to drool profusely. Drooling stains on clothes, furniture and your couch are an inevitable part of living with a St.

Bernard. Frequent climbing of stairs and floors that are too slippery should be avoided. Because this is where the giant can slip. Joints and muscles should also not be strained by stairs. This is particularly important during their growth phase.

But this can also become important again in old age.
If you have a lot of space, time and also the money (keeping such a large dog is not cheap), the St. Bernard is a loyal and friendly companion. He surprises his owners with a pronounced willingness to help and sensitivity. Bringing schnapps is not one of them.

The story of the famous liquor barrel that Saint Bernards wore around their necks and gave to avalanche victims to warm them up is a fairy tale.


The Saint Bernard is also known as the St. Bernard Dog. He is one of the dog breeds that most people know. The Swiss national dog with the keg around his neck, rescuing avalanche victims. He actually has a lot to do with rescuing avalanche victims.

St. Bernhardshunde lived as working dogs in a hospice in the Alps, at Great St. Bernhard.
It is documented that the most famous representative of the breed has saved over 40 people from dying in the snow. “Barry” was the name of this rescue dog.

That means “bear” in Swiss. However, he saved lives without the typical liquor barrel. Saint Bernards like the famous Barry really did exist. At that time, they established the legendary reputation of the dog breed.
However, the first Saint Bernards weighed no more than 50 kg at most.

But that was 200 years ago. The old St. Bernards were linnets compared to today’s giants. They would not be accepted as St. Bernards at dog shows these days.

Meanwhile, the dogs kept getting colossal. This has serious consequences for their health. The FCI standard recognizes 90 cm as the maximum size for males, but does not set an upper limit. This is disastrous for the future of the ancient race.
The “Swiss Dog Studbook” was opened in 1884.

The first entry was of course the St. Bernard. Thus, in 1887, the St. Bernhardshund was officially recognized as a dog breed. Since then, he has been considered the Swiss national dog.

Shortly thereafter, in 1891, the first special club for Saint Bernards was founded in Germany. Since then it has been the largest worldwide club for Saint Bernards.
In the meantime, friends of the St. Bernards are getting involved against an undesirable development in pedigree dog breeding. In Switzerland there is the Barry Foundation, which was set up for the “preservation of the original Saint Bernard dogs from the Great St.

The Barry Foundation runs Barryland at the dogs’ former place of work. This reveals the true story of these fantastic dogs. But the real Saint Bernards are also successfully bred here.

Saint Bernard Accessories

St. Bernards tend to be laid-back dogs that don’t think much of any canine sports. You should still get enough exercise. On average, they should be performed three times a day longer. For this you need a dog collar and a leash.

However, not a standard version. Due to the strong neck, the St. Bernard needs an extra large collar. The leash should also be sturdier than usual.
Especially in warm temperatures, the St.

Bernard hardly feels like exertion. Jumping around or constantly chasing a ball is not his thing. It usually gets to be too much for him. Accordingly, the need for accessories of this type is limited. No wonder with his thick skin.

On the other hand, he likes moderate temperatures. Then the walk can take a little longer. And when there is snow, the giants become incredibly agile, playful and keen on moving. So use the winter to really romp around with your dog.

6.3Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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