Russian Toy

Description Russian Toy

Lively, Cheerful, Curious
The Russkiy Toy – also known as the Russian Toy – is a lesser-known breed of dog that originated in Russia. This little dog is a family dog ​​who is always cheerful and creates a good atmosphere.FCI group: Companion dogs

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 1-3kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-14 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colours: black and tan, brown and tan, blue and tan, red

Character Russian Toy

The Russkiy Toy originated in Russia . This breed belongs to group 9 of the FCI and is therefore one of the company and companion dogs .
The fur can be black, brown or blue in colour . Depending on the breed, the fur can be long or short . It lies close to the body and has no undercoat.

There is a small terrier in the Russkiy Toy. You can tell by his temperamental nature. Especially at a young age, Russkiy Toys are very alert, lively and cheeky . In addition, there is a high urge to move and a playful nature .
The Russkiy Toy likes to be busy a lot.

The dogs can form a close bond with their master or mistress. The reason for this is usually his irrepressible urge to work. This makes the Russkiy Toy particularly suitable for people who live alone and want entertainment. The dog is also suitable for families with children, because this breed particularly likes to play.
However, if the Russkiy Toy doesn’t get enough attention, it quickly becomes an antisocial companion.

A lively bark causes stress and can also cause problems in contact with other dogs. At the same time, the Russkiy Toy can also form intimate dog friendships. They quickly find new playmates.
Especially when it is a puppy, it is important to educate the Russkiy Toy well and with clear structures in order to be able to tame the little one’s temperament. With a certain degree of discipline, however, the dog can be trained very well.

Even if this goblin is just so greedy to please his master or mistress, there is still a terrier in his heart. That is why, if he is not brought up and trained consistently, he can also become quite stubborn.
The Russkiy Toy is also a dog that would like to be taken along on one or the other activity. For him, that means fun and he can let off steam. Visiting the dog park is also good for the Russkiy Toy, so that it can live out its urge to move.

Diet Russian Toy

The Russkiy Toy has no special requirements in terms of nutrition . However, the food should contain all the important nutrients that a dog needs. In addition, the Russkiy Toy should like the food.
It is also important that the food is always tailored to the age and needs of the dog . Since the Russkiy Toy is a very active dog, it can also be a food that is suitable for active animals.

During puppyhood, only puppy food should be given. In adulthood, the diet should be changed. If the dog is then older and less active, a senior food can also be given, which contains the appropriate nutrients.
When feeding, one must always pay attention to the calorie intake, because some Russkiy Toys tend to be overweight . This also applies to the additional gift of treats.

Leftovers, on the other hand, must be avoided entirely.
Every dog ​​is individual and it is not uncommon for some to develop food allergies .


All in all, the Russkiy Toy is considered an easy-care dog that has few overall requirements.
Depending on the breed, grooming can be a little more intensive:
The variant with a short, smooth coat requires little grooming work. Weekly brushing is sufficient here. Occasionally, you can also bathe them with a mild dog shampoo. This keeps the coat free of dead hair and flaky skin.

Daily combing is a must for the long- haired breed . During the period of shedding, the dog occasionally loses some hair. You can counteract this with regular combs. This breed should be bathed monthly with a good quality dog ​​shampoo.
Cleaning the eyes is also part of the daily care routine .

The eyes must be cleaned daily of dried tear fluid with a damp cloth. Otherwise, infection or disease may develop. Also, the hair around the eyes needs to be trimmed regularly so that it doesn’t bother the eyes.
The ears also need to be checked regularly. You can use a special cleaner to clean the ears.

It must also be checked at all times that there are no awns or mites in the ears.
As with many miniature breed dogs, this breed is prone to tartar , which begins to form around the age of one year. That’s why you should start taking care of your teeth as early as possible.


The history of Russian toys began at the beginning of the 18th century when English toy terriers came to Russia. They became very popular over time, especially among the nobility. The mini dogs were admired for their small size and liveliness. It was considered particularly stylish to appear with these little companions at social events or at the opera. They were considered, so to speak, for the upper class of society as a “living accessory”.

By the beginning of the 20th century, these toy terriers had long since developed into a status symbol . They were also no longer called Toy Terriers but Russkiy Toy.
However, the Russian Revolution of 1917 led to the near-extinction of this breed for its status symbol. After the death of Stalin, the breed regained its footing and was bred again in the 1950s . Almost all of the dogs used for breeding had no pedigree and were not purebred.  From that moment the breed in Russia went its own way, separating from the English breed.

In 1958 something unusual happened and a male with long fringes was born. With this pup, the long-haired type of this breed was born. The parents were both smooth-haired, but one of the dogs had slightly longer hair. This male was then mated with a female that also had slightly longer hair. This is how the long- haired version of the Russkiy Toys came about and is also called the ” Moscow Long-Haired Toy Terrier “.

In 2006, the FCI recognized the Russkiy Toy with the Longhair and Smoothhair varieties as a breed.

Russian Toy Accessories

Mini dogs like the Russkiy Toy have a sensitive neck area. That’s why you should rather get him a dog leash with harness. A collar might be too coarse for his sensitive neck. At home, the dishes should be put away.
Of course, he should have a suitable food and water bowl .

A cuddle place with a dog bed should not be missing either.
Since the Russkiy Toy is considered a very playful dog, he will be happy with every toy . Retrieving is not one of his favorite pastimes. Nevertheless, you can encourage him to do new exercises with treats.
The accessories of a Russkiy Toy also include various brushes and combs to enable proper grooming.

In particular, brushes that give his fur extra shine should not be missing.
An appropriate toothbrush and toothpaste is necessary for dental care , as it tends to build up plaque.
A winter coat is also recommended in winter , as the Russkiy Toy does not have a thick or undercoat that warms it directly on the body.

6.3Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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