Rough Collie

Description Rough Collie

Intelligent, Kind, Protective
At least since the 1940s and the television series ‘Lassie’, everyone has known the Rough Collie as a dog breed. Representatives of the breed are considered intelligent and friendly. They have a strong protective instinct and look for ‘connection with the pack’. They are suitable as family and companion dogs for active households.FCI Group: Herding Dogs – Cattle Dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 18-30kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colors: blue merle, tricolor, sable

Character Rough Collie

The Collie has a friendly and affectionate character. He is intelligent and alert, very trainable and easy to motivate. He is active and loves long walks, needs exercise, play and regular attention. The dogs are very attached to their owners and have a strong protective instinct. Therefore, they can sometimes be suspicious of strangers.

In general, the Rough Collie adapts well to new circumstances. It is therefore ideal as a family or companion dog. He is considered calm and strong-willed. He is usually friendly and outgoing towards other dogs. Households with children are also not a problem.

If you provide it with a place that can serve as a retreat, the collie can cope well with turbulent times. The dogs strike when danger is imminent.
Collies want to be challenged. Nose work, agility, or obedience are activities to consider for your Collie. The dogs do everything for their owner, but one should not always hope for top performance or tireless endurance.

The herding dogs’ original drive to work has long since disappeared from the breed. Collies do not have a pronounced hunting instinct. The Rough Collie is particularly suitable as a guide dog for the blind or as a protection dog.
Since Rough Collies are sensitive, consistency and sensitivity are required when training them. It is ideal if you have already gained experience with dogs.

A hard hand is not required here, as the collie could quickly give up and lose motivation. A clear upbringing is necessary as the dog learns to place trust in its owner and recognizes him as the leader of the pack. Overall, the Rough Collie is considered docile and easy to handle.
The Rough Collie is native to Great Britain. The breed is recognized by the FCI and is assigned to group 1 (sheep and cattle dogs).

The dogs are medium-sized, the body is long, with clearly defined ribs and an arched loin. The tail should reach the hocks. The Rough Collie looks elegant and powerful.
He has a long, very dense coat with a lot of soft undercoat. Colors that may appear are blue merle, tricolor and sable.

The typical Rough Collie markings should be present and white. The snout is long and narrow, the nose always black. The brown, oval eyes appear intelligent and attentive.

Diet Rough Collie

Your collie’s diet should be tailored to its individual needs. Age is the key here. If the dog is still a puppy, a puppy food should be chosen. Growing dogs have different nutritional needs than adult dogs. Good, commercially available puppy foods are tailored to these needs.

When your collie is one year old, you can switch to adult dog food. Here it is important to consider the individual situation of your dog when making the selection.
In general, a feed should have a high meat content. There are big differences, especially with dry food. The percentage of meat is stated on the pack.

Furthermore, the grain content should be low.
Many dogs can develop grain allergies during their lifetime. Industrial sugar and additives should be avoided. When feeding, you should also consider your dog’s activity level. A sports dog needs more energy than a pure family dog.

With a Rough Collie, it also makes sense to choose a food that also optimally cares for the fur and the joints.
You should check your dog’s weight regularly both during growth and later. If your collie puts on fat, it is not always immediately apparent under the lush fur. If you have any questions about nutrition or the right food, veterinarians will be happy to help. Some also offer individual ration calculations.

It is important that the dog receives exactly the calculated amount.
If treats are to be given, these must be deducted from the ration. Dry food pellets, dried chicken or pieces of carrots are suitable as a dog snack for in between meals or for training. Please do not give your dog leftovers from the table. These are often too fatty and can lead to diseases on the one hand and your dog to refuse its own food on the other.


Grooming a Rough Collie is a little more involved than many other dog breeds due to their long and lush coat. Regular brushing, about every two weeks, is a must, otherwise the fur will become matted or dirt from the walk will remain in the fur. If there are any tangles, they can be removed with scissors or with de-matting sprays. During the shedding process, your collie will shed a lot of hair. Daily brushing of the undercoat can help reduce clumps of fur around the home.

When brushing, the skin should also be examined. This should be smooth with no deposits or redness. Also remember to check your collie for ticks after every walk and to collect them if necessary. Regular parasite prophylaxis is important, as is complete vaccination protection. From an early age, the dog should be accustomed to being examined.

Practice with him again and again and look in his mouth, in his ears or check his paws.
Due to the mass of fur, the Rough Collie does not tolerate high temperatures and heat well. Make sure he has access to a cool spot in such situations and always provide plenty of water. A ‘wet and wild’ splash in the garden is also a popular refreshment.


The ancestors of the Rough Collies are Scots. The breed evolved from a British herding dog breed. Dogs brought to Britain by the Romans in the 5th century BC mated with them. Collies were first described in the 13th century.
These original Collies were smaller, stockier, and had a broader head.

They were used for herding in the Scottish Highlands. The sheep herded by the dogs had black heads and were called ‘colleys’. The dogs themselves were called ‘Colley Dogs’, which later gave rise to the name ‘Collie’.
In the 19th century the borzoi was crossed with the collie. As a result, the physique became larger and slimmer and the fur structure finer.

The Collie was recognized as a purebred dog around 1850 and the first standards were established a few years later.
The dogs then came to the USA on merchant ships, where the American variant of the Rough Collie was created. Since the 19th century, the Collie has been primarily a show and companion dog and has rarely been used for herding, which has given it the status of a family dog.

Rough Collie Accessories

When buying a dog for the first time, there are a few things to think about. Bowls, leashes, dishes, collars, beds, blankets, toys and food are essential, add to the cost of ownership and need to be replaced over and over again. You may spend a little more on grooming supplies for Collies than for other dogs.
If the dog is to travel in the car, a box or at least a harness set may make sense. A membership in a dog school and insurance for your collie are also part of the accessories.

Dog owner liability insurance covers the costs if your dog eats the shoes of a hated colleague. There is also health insurance for dogs. Here, at least, surgical insurance is always a good choice.

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