Description rottweiler

Affectionate, friendly, attentive
The Rottweiler is a German breed of dog officially recognized by the FCI. The Rottweiler is a very popular dog that is characterized by its strong build and friendly nature.FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 35-60kg
  • Life expectancy: 8-10 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colors: Black, Blue, Tan, Mahogany

Character rottweiler

Rottweilers belong to the Pinscher and Schnauzer group. The FCI also describes them as herding dogs. Males reach a height of 61-68 cm and reach a weight of about 50 kg. Bitches measure between 56 and 63 cm and usually weigh around 42 kg.
Rottweilers have a short coat and are dark brown in color.

They have light brown areas on the lips, eyebrows, base of the tail, muzzle, chest and legs. This lighter coloring is also referred to as branding. The physique is strong and stocky and they have a strong teeth. Rottweilers can therefore also be used very well as protection dogs. Her nature is friendly, child-loving, peaceful and very affectionate.

They are also obedient, willing to work and docile. Therefore, they are also ideal as family dogs. In addition, their behavior can be described as self-confident, fearless and calm. The Rottweiler observes his environment with a high degree of attention.
Due to these characteristics, the Rottweiler is also perfect as a service dog for the police or military.

He also reliably takes over the function of the watchdog. The breed sometimes suffers from diseases such as hip dysplasia or elbow dysplasia. Here behind hide malformations of the joints.
Before breeding, an X-ray examination is therefore prescribed for clarification. Leukoencephalomyelopathy can also develop from this, resulting in paralysis that cannot be cured.

An increase in heart disease has also been diagnosed in this breed.
Furthermore, it was investigated that the willingness to bite is increased in Rottweilers. Therefore, the Rottweiler is listed in some federal states. The attitude is therefore linked to certain regulations and restrictions. A personality test may be required.

Diet rottweiler

The Rottweiler must be fed a species-appropriate diet. This does not include sweets or treats from the table. Rottweilers tend to gain fat and become overweight. Therefore, strict feed control is essential. Being overweight would put additional strain on the already vulnerable joints.

You should therefore feed your Rottweiler a low-fat, low-carb diet. High-quality protein is an important component. You should avoid foods like corn, soy or animal by-products. He should also not have independent access to food. Because he will eat uncontrollably.

Whether wet or dry food is better is debatable.
However, the advantages of dry food are the low cost, longer shelf life and higher energy supply. A support of the tooth cleaning by hard components is also guaranteed. You can portion it more easily and serve smaller portions.
But the dry food is not as tasty as wet food.

This results in an increased need for fluids. In addition, preservatives are often included and the feeling of satiety occurs later due to the swelling effect. Fecal secretion also increases as many nutrient-poor fillers can be present.
In addition to the taste and the higher water content, wet food is particularly suitable for older dogs with weak teeth. The daily amount should correspond to about 200g per day for a puppy.

An adult animal needs about 400g feed per day. The fact that the selected food is the right one can be seen above all from the shiny coat, the healthy teeth and the activity of the animal.


In any case, the Rottweiler needs a noticeable physical activity. He needs consistent training and a firm hand. You should offer him tasks like nose work.
Proper care and grooming also includes fur care. Because the Rottweiler has a very short coat, regular brushing is enough.

In this way, dead hairs are combed out and dirt is removed from the fur. Special knobbed gloves also reliably remove dirt. A side effect of brushing is the stimulation of blood circulation. You should also regularly check the fur for ticks. If necessary, you can remove them during a massage.

You should also check their paws regularly. There can be small wounds or small stones that can lead to inflammation. In winter you can also protect the paws with a grease stick made from deer tallow or milking fat. Normally the claws will wear out on their own. If this is not the case, you have to clip them with a claw clipper.

You should also regularly clean your nose with a damp cloth, as well as your eyes. You can also clean your ears with a warm, damp cloth. To prevent tartar, you should brush your dog’s teeth. Chewing bones also help to prevent or remove tartar. From time to time you should also give your Rottweiler a bath with a special dog shampoo to clean the genitals as well.

Other useful utensils for dog care are tick tweezers, tweezers, a flea comb and iodine tincture. Spot-On is a special remedy that you can use against fleas and ticks. You should also always have bandages and baby wipes to hand.


It is believed that the Rottweiler was used as a herding dog in the Roman Empire. Then he made his way over the Alps to Baden-Württemberg and thus to Rottweil.
Intelligence, vitality, endurance and a special driving ability were the breeding characteristics. That is why the Rottweiler was later also used by cattle dealers and butchers.
Its distribution could be documented above all in Baden-Württemberg around the city of Rottweil.

That’s how he later got his name. From this time arose the nationwide distribution and popularity of the breed. Since Rottweil was an important cattle trading center in the Middle Ages.
Rottweilers were primarily tasked with accompanying cattle and sheep. This earned them the name Metzgerhund.

The Rottweiler also had the job of protecting the butcher’s belongings. He hung it around the animal’s neck with a special leather collar. He defended the estate with his fearlessness and protective instinct. In addition, his stature alone exuded power and strength. However, he was always loyal to his owner.

However, over time, these skills became less and less important. Industrialization developed and transport of livestock was made in other ways. From the 20th century, the Rottweiler was increasingly used in police and military service.

rottweiler Accessories

In addition to the care utensils mentioned, you need other important things for keeping it. On the one hand, this is a dog collar, which is made of leather if possible and is nice and wide and stable.
A fixed leather leash or strap should also be part of the equipment. A flea collar would also be possible to protect your animal from flea infestation. If you like, you can also get a retractable leash.

Please always pay attention to the specified weight to ensure stability.
At home it is nice if your dog has its own basket. A feeding bowl and a bowl for water are also required. So that you can also occupy yourself with your Rottweiler, you should also take care of toys such as a ball. Dog treats are also included.

To transport your dog in the trunk, you need a special device for the trunk. A grid and a seat belt are best suited here. Combs and brushes should also not be missing in any dog ​​household.
There are different laws in different countries. Therefore, you should find out whether your dog has to wear a muzzle .

As an alternative to a dog collar, you can also buy a harness. It’s a good idea to use a dog whistle to reinforce your commands .

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