Description poodle

Intelligent, willing to learn, loyal
The image of the poodle has changed a lot over the centuries. Today, many consider him a companion or lap dog. This breed is not only versatile on the outside, but also very intelligent and lively. He used to be a real hunting dog.FCI group: Companion dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 3-23kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-17 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colours: black, white, brown, silver, apricot, tan, dappled

Character poodle

The poodle is a breed recognized by the FCI. They are assigned to group 9, the company and companion dogs. Here the poodle even has its own separate section within the group, Section 2. Other names by which the breed is known, especially abroad, are Caniche , Barbone or Poodle .
There are 4 sizes of poodles.

The standard or king poodle is between 45 – 60 cm tall at the shoulder and weighs up to 23 kg. The Miniature Poodle can grow to be 35-45 cm and weigh up to 12 kg. The miniature poodles are between 28 – 35 cm and can weigh up to 7 kg. And the smaller toy poodles are between 24 – 28 cm in size and can weigh up to 3 kg. Externally, however, the four types of poodles hardly differ.

The poodle’s physique is very slim and elegant. The head is tapered. They also have a bright look and long hanging ears.
A special feature of the poodle is its coat. It is long, very dense and curly to woolly.

He is one of the rough-haired dog breeds. According to the breed standard, the following coat colors are permitted, such as the uniform colors black, white, brown, silver, red and apricot. Also black and white, brown and white and black and tan (black and brown) piebald. Other coat colors exist but are not officially recognized according to the FCI.
The poodle is a very intelligent and inquisitive dog.

It is said that the intelligence of this dog breed is only surpassed by the Border Collie. They are also very affectionate, playful, active, alert and affectionate. This made them popular family and companion dogs. Its positive character traits made the standard poodle a popular guide, assistance, disaster and sniffer dog. The smaller poodle species, on the other hand, are very popular therapy dogs.

Poodles are very adaptable and can therefore live well in the big city. The smaller poodle species in particular are ideal for this. However, you should not underestimate the poodle’s urge to move and playfulness. There should be enough opportunities to let off steam. Several walks throughout the day with play units in the park would be ideal.

The loyalty of the poodle and his unconditional will are concise for him. Due to their attachment and the urge to please, they can be very good companions in everyday life with good training. He likes to learn new tricks and participates happily in all activities.
Although the poodle was originally bred as a hunting dog, today its hunting instinct is very limited. With good socialization, the bright dogs get along very well with their conspecifics.

They also get along well with other animals. Although he likes to make himself noticed by barking, he is not an exaggerated barker.
If you would like to own a poodle, you should keep in mind that this breed can get very old. An age of 16 or even 18 years is quite possible. Apart from the risk of some hereditary diseases, the breed is very robust.

Diet poodle

Poodle nutrition is relatively straightforward. Essentially, it hardly differs from that of other races.
The poodle usually does not tend to be overweight if kept appropriate to the species. This does not apply to castrated male dogs. The altered hormonal balance changes the metabolism.

You should also pay attention to the diet of older dogs. In old age, they are usually no longer as active and their energy requirements decrease accordingly.
In puppyhood, the composition of the food is particularly important. Since puppies are still growing, they need a different feed composition than adult animals. Special puppy food is therefore useful.

Pure wet food usually has a high protein content. This is difficult for the stomach to process in these quantities. Dry food, on the other hand, usually contains a lot of carbohydrates and calories. A mixture of wet and dry food is therefore a popular feeding method.
In general, the diet should be balanced and take into account life circumstances and age.

An active dog that likes to run and does a lot of sport needs more energy. On the other hand, there is less of a companion dog that goes about its usual round in the park. Of course, the preferences and taste of your dog also play a role.
Your poodle will be happy about a pig’s ear or a chew bone from time to time. It is also good for his teeth, because they are playfully cleaned and freed from plaque.

However, you should not offer them too often. It should only be a small change. In many dogs, the snack also causes flatulence.

Grooming

The poodle sheds almost no hair at all. The reason for this is not entirely clear and there are two possible explanations for the topic. The Poodle’s coat continues to grow and unlike other breeds, the dogs don’t actually shed their coat. On the other hand, the Poodle’s coat is woolly, so the loose hair simply gets caught in the dense head of curls.
There is a piece of truth in both approaches.

This is why poodle grooming is so important. It needs to be brushed regularly and thoroughly to prevent tangles. The coat also grows very quickly, so it needs clipping from time to time. It would be ideal to go to the groomer every 6 to 8 weeks. However, you should not wait longer than 3 months.

If the fur is too long, it not only makes grooming more difficult, it is also uncomfortable for the dog and a health hazard.
In principle, you can also do the trimming yourself at home if you don’t want it to be a special dog hairstyle. In any case, you should go to a professional first. You should let them show you everything in detail before you try it yourself. Such a trimmer is very sharp and some parts of the dog’s body are extremely sensitive.

You could easily injure your dog doing this.
If you just want to keep your poodle private, it doesn’t necessarily have to sport the typical poodle hairstyles you see in magazines and movies. However, if you want to take part in exhibitions, one of the official hairstyles is mandatory. Otherwise he cannot win a title.
Otherwise, the grooming program for the poodle hardly differs from that of other dog breeds.

Because grooming is so important, it’s a good idea to start training your dog as early as possible. It makes it more comfortable for both of you. Because such a poodle care program is very complex and takes time.

History

Where the poodle actually comes from is not exactly clear. The FCI officially states France as the country of origin. However, the name poodle is probably a derivation from the old German word. The word stands for puddling and means splashing. He got his name from his previous work as a hunting dog.

The poodle was a hunting and retriever dog. At that time it was used especially for retrieving ducks and other waterfowl. Today’s poodle hairstyles are also derived from that time. The coat has been clipped very short on the rump and legs to make the dog lighter in the water. At the same time, he was offered more freedom of movement when swimming.

In the chest area, on the other hand, it stayed longer so that the important organs such as the heart and lungs stayed warm.
The poodle was also said to have been used as a herding dog for a while. However, there is no clear evidence of this, apart from a mention from the middle of the 16th century. The poodle was probably bred in Germany and France.
The Poodle bears a resemblance to the Barbet.

Therefore, it is assumed that the poodle was created from crosses with this breed. Spanish water dogs may also have contributed to the creation of the poodle. It is said that the origin of all Poodle-like breeds is in Spain.
For a long time there was no breed standard for poodles. However, they have been kept as hunting and companion dogs for several hundred years.

The poodle was already appreciated in the Middle Ages. He was a popular companion dog of the nobility throughout Europe.
It wasn’t until the 19th century that the poodle was purposefully bred to conform to a breed standard. At that time there were only two sizes: the king poodle and the miniature poodle. Only later were the other sizes and different color variants bred.

Over time, these were also included in the breed standard by the FCI.
What is special about the different sizes of poodles is that they are exclusively purebred and not cross-bred with other breeds. Therefore, poodles are the same in both appearance and temperament, regardless of their size.

poodle Accessories

To groom poodles, you need a good, sturdy brush made specifically for poodles. This is also referred to as a harrow.
When choosing a brush, you should pay attention to how close your poodle is clipped. Accordingly, the brush must be able to reach deep into the fur. If it’s short, you won’t get the full length.

If the brush needles are too long, it can be painful for the dog.
If you use a brush with natural bristles, it has the positive side effect that your dog also gets a soothing massage. It promotes blood circulation in the skin and removes dead skin cells. Plus, it strengthens your bond at the same time.
In addition to the brush, you need a steel comb with teeth that are as coarse as possible.

You need it to carefully undo the small knots from the fur. Also, a pair of small curved scissors to trim the hair between the paws. They grow back very quickly. Not only do they become matted easily, but small stones can get caught in them. They can cause uncomfortable pain when walking.

If you want to shear your poodle yourself, you need at least a dog clipper and suitable scissors. However, as already mentioned, this is not a task for a beginner.
Before clipping, you need to shampoo and wash your dog. Therefore, you also need a good dog shampoo that is suitable for sensitive dog skin. Of course you can also leave that to the dog groomer if you visit one.

8.1Expert Score
Breed characteristics

There are so many different dog breeds that it can be hard to choose the right one for your family. Each breed has its own unique set of characteristics that may make it a better fit for some families than others. Our expert review system can help you find the perfect dog breed for your home.

We rate each breed on a scale from 1 to 10, with 10 being the best. We take into account things like temperament, size, and energy level to help you find the perfect dog for your needs. Whether you're looking for a playful pup or a calm companion, we can help you find the right breed of dog for your family

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