Description Pekinese

Smart, confident, stubborn
The Pekingese is originally from China. There he was reserved as a companion dog for the Chinese imperial family. It is also sometimes called the Pekingese or Peking Palace Dog. Today, the Pekingese, with its lion-like appearance, delights owners from all over the world with its clever nature.FCI group: Companion dogs

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 5-5.4kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colors: all colors

Character Pekinese

Legend has it that the Pekingese came from a cross between a monkey and a lion. A certain lion-like appearance cannot be denied in any case.
The Pekingese is a small dog. His shoulder height is about 20 – 25cm, but this is not specified as a breed standard by the FCI. The FCI stipulates a maximum weight of 5 kg for males and 5.4 kg for females.

However, only a few specimens are that heavy, mostly the weight is between 3-5 kg. The compact dog has a life expectancy of 12-15 years.
Pekingese can come in all coat colors. Excluded are albino and liver colored dogs, which are not typical of the breed. Carriers of these colors may not be used for breeding.

A mask drawing is desirable for the Pekingese. This is a significantly darker fur pattern around the nose, lips and lid edges.
Like pugs or bulldogs, the breed belongs to the so-called “brachycephalic breeds”. This means that the animals should have a round and short head. The lower jaw should be clearly pronounced.

Unfortunately, this trait often leads to health problems. These include shortness of breath and frequent respiratory infections. Fortunately, the health of the animals is increasingly in the foreground at breed shows. Breeding standards are slowly being relaxed in order to offer the animals the best possible quality of life.
Typical for the Pekingese is its dense fur.

The hair is longer on the head, neck and tail, giving the dogs characteristic lion-like appearance.
The Pekingese was bred in its country of origin, China, as a companion dog. This is still the task of the lovable dog today. It is suitable as a companion for practically everyone. However, families with small children should ensure that the dog is handled correctly.

The character of the Pekingese is characterized by a smart, self-confident nature. Despite their size, the dogs are fearless and brave. If properly trained, the Pekingese will not bark excessively. However, they loudly indicate unusual events or people.
Despite their smart and confident nature, the Pekingese is also affectionate and cuddly.

Although he is basically compatible with all people and other animals, the dog usually has a reference person. He is strongly fixated on this and loyally devoted.
Due to its compact size, the Pekingese is well suited to being kept indoors. He needs regular walks, but not excessive activity.
Due to its thick fur, the Pekingese quickly overheats.

You should therefore keep a special eye on your darling, especially in summer. Sufficient opportunities to stay in the shade or in cool indoor rooms should be available.

Diet Pekinese

When it comes to nutrition, the Pekingese is a relatively uncomplicated dog that is not prone to allergies. Its compact size also makes it cheaper to feed than many of the larger dog breeds. However, it is important to pay attention to the selection of high-quality feed. Your Pekingese should be fed regularly. Feeding once or twice a day is ideal.

In principle, high-quality ready-made feed mixtures are well suited for the Pekingese. Since the Pekingese is prone to tartar, dry food should be given regularly. The solid pieces will loosen the tartar.
From time to time the menu can be supplemented with offal or some cheese. These provide iron and calcium and are therefore important minerals for a healthy dog.

You should also note that your dog’s needs may change depending on their age and stage of life. Especially for puppies and seniors there are feed mixtures that are tailored to the special needs of these age groups.
The Pekingese is not prone to being overweight. However, you should refrain from giving treats in excess or giving them regularly from the table. And that too, no matter how heartbreaking the dog look is.

Your dog will thank you much more for a balanced, healthy diet! Even with occasional treats, you should pay attention to high-quality, healthy ingredients.
Although the Pekingese is a relatively uncomplicated dog when it comes to food, there can be exceptions. If the worst comes to the worst, it is advisable to discuss the ideal diet with a veterinarian.


Pekingese have dense, sometimes long fur with a dense undercoat. They must therefore be brushed regularly, otherwise severe matting can occur. Daily grooming should be done against the direction of hair growth, as this is the only way to reach the undercoat.
Although daily brushing of the dog is essential, a bath should only be used in exceptional cases. The Pekingese’s dense undercoat means it takes a long time for it to dry completely again.

Skin and fur can be damaged, and colds can also occur.
If it is absolutely necessary to wash your dog completely, there are a few things to consider. Make sure the dog is in a warm, draft-free place until its coat and undercoat are completely dry.
Your dog’s eyes and ears should also be checked regularly and gently cleaned. If the Pekingese has pronounced skin folds, these must also be cleaned and checked for inflammation.

The Pekingese’s claws must be trimmed to an appropriate length. The claws grow particularly quickly when the dog walks a lot on soft ground. Dirty paws after a walk can easily be cleaned in the shower.
Typical of the breed, the Pekingese also has fur on the paws and between the toes. With some dogs it may be necessary to shorten this in order not to hinder the dog when walking.


The country of origin of the Pekingese is China. There he should have originated from a mixture of two dog breeds. However, legends report that the so-called “lion dog” is a cross between a lion and a monkey.
In ancient China, breeding and keeping was solely determined by the imperial family, which is why the dog is also known as the Peking palace dog. Some breeders of the breed affectionately say that because of their imperial past, the Pekingese retain their elegance, dignity, and most importantly, great confidence today.

The Pekingese only came to Europe in the course of the 19th century. Chinese palaces were looted by the British during the second Opium War between Britain and China. In the course of this looting, some specimens of the Pekingese kept there were taken away. This is how the compact dogs made their way to Great Britain. One of the Pekingese, a female dog named “Looty”, was given as a gift to Queen Victoria in 1861.

The origin of today’s purebred Pekingese breed is also likely to be in Great Britain. The five specimens that came to Britain from China are believed to be the originators of the Pekingese we know today.
Only years later was the Pekingese recognized as a breed by the British Kennel Club. At the beginning of the 20th century, the dog finally gained notoriety and popularity in other countries.

Pekinese Accessories

A brush is essential for regular grooming of the Pekingese. Otherwise there are no special features regarding the inventory.
In any case, food and water bowls should be part of the standard equipment in the apartment or house. Each dog should have its own dog bed as a retreat. A collar or harness and a leash are recommended for walks.

For transport in the car, a fixation suitable for dogs or a transport box should be available.

5.8Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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