Parson Russell Terrier

Description Parson Russell Terrier

Fearless, Energetic, Happy
The Parson Russell Terrier is a recognized breed of dog in FCI group 3. The lively terrier from Great Britain combines many good qualities. This breed of dog has a temperamental, friendly and gentle nature. The terrier makes an excellent companion dog and hunting dog. As a playmate, he enriches the life of the whole family. He loves children and likes to romp around with them outdoors.FCI Group: Terriers

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 5.9-7.7kg
  • Life expectancy: 13-15 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colours: black and white, lemon yellow and white, brown, white

Character Parson Russell Terrier

A purebred Parson Russel Terrier has a shoulder height of 31 to 38 centimeters. The white pedigree dog has a patch over both eyes up to the ears. There should also be a spot no bigger than a dime on the base of the tail.
The terrier’s hard, greasy coat lies flat and is a little rough to the touch. The thighs inside the chest and belly are also very hairy.

A dense undercoat protects the Parson Russel Terrier from wet weather, cold and injuries while hunting.
In terms of fur, a distinction is made between the rough-haired and the smooth-haired Parson Russel Terrier. He weighs about the same as a full-grown fox, and his legs are straight.
The active Parson Russel Terrier is considered to be very intelligent and courageous. The dog has great self-confidence.

As an indispensable companion for riders, he feels really comfortable. If you decide to get a Parson Russel Terrier, you should have a large family. The pedigree dog needs companions who have a lot of time for him and whom he loves. He needs long walks and lots of exercise.
The friendly nature of the Parson Russel Terrier makes him a dear playmate.

This dog can be really affectionate with children . When children learn how to treat the terrier with respect, they make the ideal playmate.
At work, he obstinately follows commands with great concentration and eagerness. The Parson Russel Terrier is an extremely agile and independent dog. His trait of being friendly with all animals and people makes him ideal for the job of a hunting dog.

He must not disturb the course of a riding hunt.
The Parson Russel Terrier needs an active owner who encourages him intellectually. Physical activity is immensely important to him. This makes it suitable for all types of dog sports.
With its robust nature, it adapts well and doesn’t blame its owner at all.

The Parson Russel Terrier is a true English gentleman. He still needs consistent training. Therefore, the dog is less suitable for impatient dog owners.

Diet Parson Russell Terrier

If the robust Parson Russel Terrier is sufficiently busy and exercised, it needs food for small, active dogs. Only puppy food is suitable for puppies in the first 12 months. The Parson Russel Terrier eats almost any food and is not demanding. The choice of food depends on how old, heavy and how big he is.
The higher his physical activity, the more the right food plays a role.

Especially if he should have allergies. The exact amount of food the terrier needs can be found on the packaging. Wet food should be fed in a ratio of 4:1 to dry food.
The Parson Russel Terrier is considered relatively easy to care for and robust. Nevertheless, he should be fed a balanced diet, taking into account his growth.

From birth to adult dog, the nutrients change accordingly.
Like other small dog breeds, the Parson Russel Terrier is prone to Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. The disease begins with an increasingly weak femoral head. Subsequent damage to cartilage and bone tissue leads to osteoarthritis .
Incorrect movement or malnutrition causes severe pain, it becomes paralyzed and the muscles recede.

Advice on the right diet for a Parson Russel Terrier can be obtained from any veterinarian.


Prevention and care for the Parson Jack Russel should become routine. The daily check of the terrier includes the eyes . If the eyes are red, watering or secreting purulent fluid, please consult the veterinarian. During the daily walk, one pays attention to the consistency of the faeces or worm infestation.
During the weekly check, the ears are checked for inflammation caused by mites or other parasites.

The veterinarian offers special ear cleaning agents that are dripped into the ear. In the same rotation, the teeth are checked for mucus and leftover food, because bacteria promote tartar build-up.
Puppies should be trained to brush their teeth so that they get used to it. Every dog ​​loves chewing sticks for dental care. However, if the tartar increases, the veterinarian removes the plaque professionally.

Tartar is very rare with proper diet and care.
The paws with the claws that grow like human fingernails also need to be checked weekly . Please trim the claws from time to time if the dog does not wear them down enough himself.
It also depends on the nature of the soil. A dog wears out its claws faster when walking on asphalt than on a soft meadow.

In addition, wear and tear also depends on the duration of daily movement.
This reduces the risk of the Parson Russel Terrier breaking or tearing off its claws. The dog finds walking more comfortable and a misalignment of the feet is prevented. There is no pain when walking.
A look under the tail doesn’t hurt either.

The terrier must not smell and should always be really clean under the tail.
The dog’s coat needs grooming once a week. Brushing and trimming it thoroughly is one of the tasks that should never be neglected. The Parson Russel Terrier is a little connoisseur. Once he realizes how comfortable a brush can be, he can’t get enough of it.

Once a month, the old hair should be removed from the entire coat. The quickest way to see where the dead hair begins is to brush the Parson Russel Terrier’s back against the grain. You can find trimming knives or other practical trimming sets in pet shops or drugstores.
Please do not bathe puppies and adult terriers only as an exception if there is no other way to clean the coat. The natural skin fat serves as protection for the dog and must be preserved.

If the dog is really dirty, you should first dry and brush out the fur. Most of the time, care alone is enough.
Rinse off heavy mud only with lukewarm water without shampoo. If the dog comes home with feces in its fur, it is advisable to use a dog shampoo. If necessary, a mild baby shampoo will do.

This avoids irritation of the skin. All other shampoos or soaps are taboo.


The British vicar John (Jack) Russell was born in Darthmouth, Devon, in 1795. As a hunter and rider, he loved terrier breeding. In 1873 he founded the Kennel Club with other members. The later judge at dog shows received great respect and died at the old age of almost ninety. Even the British royal family sent their condolences after his death.

His first female terrier, whom he had with him while he was a student at Oxford, is now considered the progenitor of the white terrier breed. She wore the coat markings on her head that make up the Parson Russel Terrier today. A picture of the bitch is still in the tack room at Sandringham Castle, owned by the Queen of England.
Reverend Jack Russel brought dogs from Devon and New Forest to breed his terriers. Completely unusual for that time, he crossed a wide variety of coat colors.

He also traveled widely and found native animals to breed in different regions. The first goal in breeding was always the workability of the terrier. The optics with the typical features came second.
All of Pastor Jack Russel’s breeds were called Jack Russel Terriers in the 1930s. Jack Russel preferred this type of terrier for life and many breeders still hold on to this breed today.

The Parson Russel Terrier was known as the Parson Jack Russell Terrier until 1999.

Parson Russell Terrier Accessories

A normal collar will cause the lively Parson Russel Terrier too much tension on the neck and thus shortness of breath. Therefore, a harness is better suited for him. A telescopic leash gives him the freedom he needs for walks.
The terrier always needs something to do and when he is not working he loves to play. Playing ball with the ball slingshot and fetching sticks – as a working dog bred for hunting, he is a passionate fetcher.

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