Norwegian Lundehund

Description Norwegian Lundehund

Intelligent, Alert, Energetic
The rare Norwegian Lundehund is one of Norway’s oldest dog breeds. It has an exceptional anatomy: this breed has at least six toes per paw! This makes it particularly good for climbing steep slopes. He needed this ability for his original job – hunting puffins.FCI Group: Spitz – Primitive type dogs

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 6-7kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-14 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colors: White, reddish brown to tawny with black hair tips, black or gray with white markings, white with dark markings

Character Norwegian Lundehund

The Norwegian Lundehund was originally bred as a hunting dog . This makes it an energetic dog breed that needs a lot of exercise. Because this quadruped was bred to hunt independently of humans, it is very independent . He will never want to submit completely to his owner. Nonetheless, he is a friendly, playful dog .

In its homeland, this dog is often kept in rural areas as a guard and companion dog . It draws attention to danger by barking and tends to bark . This four-legged friend is also suitable as a family dog , as it gets along well with children. The Norwegian Lundehund is initially reserved towards strangers. However, he generally gets along well with his peers.

Among connoisseurs of the breed, the Norwegian Lundehund is considered shy. A close bond with your human is not only beneficial for the training, but absolutely necessary. This is the only way he can be brought up well, instead of having to decide for himself what to do and when.
The Norwegian Lundehund possesses a unique anatomy that has enabled it to perform its former duties as a hunting dog. These include its special paws, which have at least 6 fully developed claws and 8 pads per paw .

He can also turn his legs 90° to the side . This allows the dogs to reach the hard-to-reach puffin nesting holes.
Some Norwegian Lundehunds also lack molars , which made them better at transporting their prey. This particular four-legged friend can fold his ears shut to prevent water getting into his ears while diving. This supports its high affinity for water.

The breed is one of the small dogs with a height at the withers of 32 to 35 cm for females and 35 to 38 cm for males. Female Lundehunds weigh around 6 kg and males around 7 kg. The Norwegian Lundehund comes in white , reddish brown to tan to tan with black tips, black or gray with white markings, and white with dark markings. Young dogs have fewer black hair tips than adult dogs. The top coat is short, rough and dense, with a soft, dense undercoat.

Diet Norwegian Lundehund

The Norwegian Lundehund’s diet should be chosen to meet its high energy needs . A high proportion of poultry and fish in his feed is very suitable. Like all dogs, this four-legged friend also needs a high proportion of proteins . Nevertheless, carbohydrates and fats should not be missing. Suitable fruit and vegetables also belong in the diet of every furry friend.

BARF is also a popular variant of dog nutrition. It is based on the natural diet of wild dogs such as wolves. Only fresh, raw feed is fed. Inform yourself thoroughly in order not to deprive your four-legged friend of any important nutrients and to maintain the correct proportions of minerals. If necessary, a consultation with your veterinarian can also help you decide how to feed your individual dog.


Grooming the Norwegian Lundehund is fairly simple. Occasional brushing of the dog to remove dead hair is sufficient. In addition, you should clean his eyes every day , as the dog tends to watery eyes due to narrow tear ducts. The claws should also be checked regularly and trimmed if necessary.
Lundehund syndrome can occur in this breed.

Unfortunately, this crept in through the small gene pool when the breed was saved. It is an inflammatory and chronic bowel disease. It leads to the loss of important proteins. About half of all dogs of the breed are affected. You can diagnose Lundehund syndrome with a genetic test.

The disease is considered incurable . Only the symptoms can be alleviated. Unfortunately, the syndrome can even be fatal. Each affected dog has an individual course of the disease. Some people react strongly to the disease, while others only feel it weakly.

Lundehund syndrome can manifest itself at different times in a dog’s life.


The Norwegian Lundehund is one of Norway’s oldest dog breeds . No exact time of the origin of the breed is known. However, there are records of a breed of dog very similar to this four-legged friend that are over 400 years old. The Norwegian Lundehund, with its special anatomy, was bred to hunt puffins.
In the past, almost every Norwegian family on the northern coast of the country had a dog of this breed.

The Norwegian Lundehund’s unique hunting technique was essential to human survival during the winter. The meat of puffins was an important source of food for the people at that time.
The Norwegian Lundehund only became rarer as a result of better hunting techniques and the migration of the population from the northern coasts . Also, the puffin was placed under protection , causing the breed to lose its original roles. In addition, distemper caused the breed to almost become extinct between and after World War II .

Only a few specimens survived on the island of Værøy.
Fortunately, the breed could be preserved through targeted breeding. From only 5 dogs a new population was created, which includes about 1000 to 1200 dogs. Due to the very small gene pool , however, the Lundehund syndrome was able to spread widely. In 1965 the Norwegian Lundehund was officially recognized by the FCI.

Norwegian Lundehund Accessories

The necessary accessories for the Norwegian Lundehund include the basic equipment of an average dog . These include a collar, harness, leash, bowls and bed. Every dog ​​owner should also have a pair of claw clippers at home. Since this breed has a lot of energy, it is well suited for various dog sports . Possible accessories for this are tunnels and obstacles to jump over.

Membership in a dog sports club is also a good idea.

5.8Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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