Miniature Pinscher

Description Miniature Pinscher

Spirited, playful, self-confident
The self-confident Miniature Pinscher is suitable for all living conditions. The family and companion dog acts like a lap dog, but needs a lot of exercise. Despite his tiny size, he pays a lot of attention to everything that is happening around him. With its tireless watch instinct, the Miniature Pinscher does a great job. In the attitude he shows uncomplicated. Nevertheless, he needs a lot of exercise and is ideal for owners who are active and spend a lot of free time with him.FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 3-6kg
  • Life expectancy: 14-15 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colours: black, red

Character Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher was registered as a German dog breed by the FCI with the standard number 185. He belongs to group 2 section 1.1. With a height (from the withers) of only 25 to 30 cm, the miniature pinscher is one of the small dog breeds. He weighs 3 to 6 kg. He reaches an age of about 14 to 15 years.

Some of these pedigree dogs live up to 18 years.
Its square physique resembles that of the German Pinscher. The height of his body and length are almost the same. The Miniature Pinscher is a small, elegant muscle man. Its dense, shiny fur shimmers in shades of black and red.

The color nuances range from deer red through dark reddish brown to black. The coat has a brown or red fur pattern. This can be noticeable on the underside of the neck, on the front legs on the metatarsals, on paws or inside the sides of the hind legs, or on the tail.
The bright Miniature Pinscher has no undercoat. The coat of hair is short and smooth.

The hair of the black Miniature Pinscher is glossy black. The flat, wrinkle-free forehead with V-shaped ears are reminiscent of a deer. That is why the red deer miniature pinscher is also known as the deer pinscher. The ears either have a folding crease or are erect. The Miniature Pinscher’s tail is bred in a sickle or saber shape and is not docked.

The lively Miniature Pinscher may appear cute, but it is not suitable as a lap dog. His desire for exercise and sport is insatiable and keeps his owner busy. The self-confident little pinscher is a loyal and devoted companion to its owner.
He gets along well with small children and has no problem with other dog breeds. The Miniature Pinscher is suitable for seniors, provided they are still able to meet their need for exercise.

The short stature of the Miniature Pinscher does not entail any health disadvantages. Its body is powerful and robust. As a companion dog when jogging, cycling, hiking or horseback riding, he can let off steam.
The playful miniature pinscher does not want to be left alone. He is very fixated on the person he loves.

He focuses all his affection on one person. Of course, he also accepts other family members and obeys when walking. But no matter how much they coddle him, he doesn’t feel complete without his chosen favorite human. In this regard, the always cheerful Miniature Pinscher is not corruptible.
He likes to take on his inherited duty as a watchdog.

When it comes to their beloved caregiver, the Miniature Pinscher doesn’t take a joke. It has a naturally low stimulus threshold. It should be prevented in puppyhood with consistent training. Otherwise there is a risk that he will mutate into an aggressive barker.

Diet Miniature Pinscher

In general, all dogs need meat. The Miniature Pinscher has an increased energy requirement. Due to its urge to move, it must be food with a high meat content and low grain content.
You should choose the right food based on weight, age and the characteristics of the breed. Miniature Pinschers do not have great needs when it comes to choosing their diet.

As with all small dogs, be careful not to put on fat. Being overweight puts stress on your dog’s joints.
Whether you give dry food or wet food doesn’t matter. Let your dog decide for himself. Some connoisseurs of the breed also feed raw.

As long as the wet food contains the necessary nutrients and it tastes good, your dog will stay healthy. You should always adapt the amount of food to the energy consumption and level of activity.


The Miniature Pinscher has no undercoat. So you don’t need to trim it. It is enough if you just brush the smooth, short coat. A dog’s protective layer of skin should always remain undamaged.
Many dog ​​owners tend to bathe their dogs regularly.

This damages the dog’s skin. Only bathe your Miniature Pinscher when it is extremely dirty. Then use a special dog shampoo or just a mild baby shampoo. Otherwise, it is sufficient to dry the dog and brush out the dry fur. A regular check of the eyes for redness and the paws for foreign bodies or grass mites and his teeth are a must.

The vet will give you special drops to clean your ears. Miniature Pinschers are particularly sensitive to the cold around their ears. He can even come home with frostbite in extreme temperatures. Inflammation at the edge of the ear, which can cause tissue death, is common. Check regularly in winter whether the dog shows itchy or sore spots on the ear.

If this is the case, you should take him to the vet immediately. To prevent further serious consequences, it must be treated.
Start getting your miniature pinscher used to brushing their teeth when they are puppies. A clean set of teeth protects against plaque. It is rare for dogs to have tooth damage.

If your miniature pinscher is used to the toothbrush, you can use it to prevent a bit of his health. If he doesn’t like the toothbrush, chewing sticks from the dog food range will help.
If your Miniature Pinscher has bald patches on its coat, you should have it clarified as to whether it is due to pathological hair loss or a food allergy. If it’s the template disease, you can rest assured that it won’t affect your health. This disease presents only an aesthetic problem.

You should also watch out for some vulnerabilities. The Miniature Pinscher’s kneecap may have a tendency to pop out. If he is in pain, go to the vet immediately. A genetic tendency to a retinal detachment, which under certain circumstances can cause the dog to go blind, has also been documented. So watch your dog regularly.


The miniature pinscher is said to have a history of 1000 years. His ancestor is listed as a peat dog of the pile dwellers. They used it to hunt mice and rats. That’s why the Austrians call this type of dog Rattler. Findings of skulls and bones prove its existence.

The ancestors of the Miniature Pinscher joined humans back then.
At the end of the 19th century, Pinschers could be found on almost every farm. Their skill in hunting rodents was well known among farmers everywhere. The alertness of the Miniature Pinscher was also a preferred quality at that time. His ability to keep all plagues away from the court was universally appreciated.

Josef Berta founded the first Pinscher Club in 1895. At that time the Pinscher was not only smooth-haired, there was also a rough-haired version. In the 19th century, the Miniature Pinscher was a mascot for the distinguished ladies of society. With the pure breeding of Josef Berta, the rough-haired Schnauzer was distinguished from the smooth-haired Pinscher. That only happened at the beginning of the 20th century.

Josef Berta realized that the Miniature Pinscher was not a lap dog at all. Berta, one of the first breeders, made the Miniature Pinscher what it is now. Berta’s colleagues did their part. The best characteristics such as alertness, hunting instinct, loyalty and sociability were bred on. An unmistakable pedigree dog was created:
The miniature pinscher with a wonderful character, robust genes and a great temperament.

Miniature Pinscher Accessories

No dog likes a train around the neck. A compact, lined harness is ideal for lively Miniature Pinschers in particular. A collar is less suitable. A telescopic leash that pulls in and out automatically gives him the freedom of movement he needs for walks.
The Miniature Pinscher freezes very quickly due to its lack of undercoat.

For walks in winter or on cold, wet, rainy days you will find dog fashion in many variations for your little one and for all seasons. The animal will be grateful for rain protection or lined winter protection for the body.
Miniature Pinschers love to snuggle up on soft blankets and love to sleep in a dog cave. He lies there protected and warm because his own breath provides warmth in the cave. For small dogs you can find these dog caves everywhere.

The miniature pinscher also often develops a great love for small stuffed animals that they can cuddle with in their basket.
The Miniature Pinscher loves all kinds of play. As long as he can use it to satisfy his urge to move, he will go along with everything. He loves ball games and fetching sticks just like other dogs. In addition, the miniature pinscher is the ideal dog for an obstacle course or agility training.

Dog dancing is also great fun for owners and dogs.

5.9Expert Score
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