Family Oriented, Happy, Playful
Lowchens are not among the typical house dogs in our country. They are rather unknown and rarely encountered. Nevertheless, they should not be underestimated. Contrary to their name, they are small and extremely easy-care dogs. The French were then bred to entertain their owners. They are also perfect for beginners and families with children.FCI group: Companion dogs
- Size: Small
- Weight: 6kg
- Life expectancy: 12-14 years
- Coat type: long hair
- Colours: black, chocolate brown, cream, black, tan, blue, black-silver
Löwchen are medium-sized dogs with a maximum height of 32 cm at the withers. They weigh around 6 kg when fully grown and are robustly built. Their fur is long and dense, it is wavy and consists only of top hair with no undercoat. All coat colors are allowed and combinations are expressly desired. The curled tail is also covered with long hair and is carried over the back.
The lions got their name from the fur on their heads, which resembles a lion’s mane. Their ears are set rather low on the head and are of medium length. If the dogs are shown at exhibitions, a lion clip is mandatory. The back of the body is shaved bare except for the tail and paws. The unshaven fur on the front body and head remains uncut and completely natural.
The little French are cheerful and friendly dogs . They are affectionate towards their humans and always want to please . They are also clever and enjoy practicing tricks . Nevertheless, Lowchens are relaxed dogs that also like to cuddle and are not prone to nervousness.
This makes them perfect for beginners.
Other dogs and children are also no problem. Löwchen show great joy in playing with conspecifics and people of all ages.
Lowchens have a low need for exercise . Therefore, they can also be kept well in small apartments. It is an advantage that this breed hardly sheds .
Nevertheless, walks are of course mandatory. The little Frenchman prefers to explore the area at a relaxed pace rather than running next to a bicycle. In addition, mental utilization and attention from his people are particularly important to him.
When it comes to food, Lowchens are not picky and have no particular requirements. You should therefore choose a normal dog food that your dog likes and meets its calorie and nutritional needs.
When it comes to dry food, you should rather go for one with small chunks for small breeds. You should also pay close attention to how much food you provide. Sedentary dogs are often prone to obesity and need more control over food intake.
A good feed is characterized by a high meat content, which does not only consist of slaughterhouse waste. Under no circumstances should sugar, attractants or flavorings be included. This is not only useless, but can also damage your health and teeth.
You should also not feed your dog leftovers. Small portions of pasta and potatoes and unseasoned meat are fine.
Greasy or spicy meals do not belong in the dog bowl!
The long coat of the lion is difficult to care for. It should be combed thoroughly at least twice a week. Since the fur is very dense and branches and dirt can easily get caught, it should be brushed out briefly after every walk .
You have to shave the eyes free so that your dog can see. Otherwise, hair can get into the eyes and cause irritation there.
In addition, for hygienic reasons, the fur on the buttocks should be trimmed regularly. You can carefully remove hair on the ears with scissors, making sure that the ears are clean.
Although Löwchen are robust dogs, they are prone to hypothermia due to their size. Also because they have no undercoat. Long walks in winter should therefore only be protected by clothing.
If your dog is partially shaved, there is a risk of sunburn on the bald skin in summer. You can prevent this with special sunscreen or thin clothing.
Paw care for the Lowchen is no different than for other breeds. Be sure to wash off salt in winter. Hot roads should also be avoided in summer when temperatures are high.
You can rub Vaseline or balm on the pads to make them more supple and prevent them from drying out. Many dogs enjoy this massage to the fullest!
Lowchen already existed in the Middle Ages. Their existence can be documented by paintings and drawings as early as the 13th century. They were bred to serve as lap dogs for ladies to keep them busy and “hot water bottles” in bed.
They lived in high-ranking families and served as companion dogs . Statues and woven carpets depicting a lion-like sheared dog show how valuable the lion was at the time.
It was widespread throughout Europe and its country of origin could not be precisely defined. Today it is registered as a breed of French origin, as that is where the first stud book was kept.
It is a subspecies of the Bichon and is so closely related to the Maltese, Havanese and Bolognese. With the end of monarchies, the popularity of the lap dog fell rapidly. At the end of the 19th century it became increasingly rare until there were only around 40 specimens left.
A Belgian breeder took care of the breed and protected it from extinction. Since then he has been bred again.
The British Kennel Club first recognized the breed in 1976 . The breed has also been officially recognized by the FCI since 1995 . The outward appearance of the Lowchen has not changed since it was first recorded.
Today the Lowchen is still a rare dog with us. In 2016 there were 116 officially registered puppies in Germany.
It is important to have a sensible brush for long fur and small scissors to trim the fur on the eyes, buttocks, paws and ears. You should also have a good dog shampoo. Only wash your dog when necessary, as this will lose its natural protective film!
Otherwise, of course, you need general dog accessories such as bowls, sleeping space, leash and harness. When it comes to a harness, the exact fit is very important, which is why you should try it on before you buy it. A winter coat is also recommended .
Make sure that the coat fits well and does not restrict the dog’s movement.
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