Lhasa Apso

Description Lhasa Apso

Confident, Intelligent, Charming
Lhasa Apsos are considered “ambassadors of happiness and peace”. All over the world, the proud dogs are highly valued for their character and looks.FCI group: Companion dogs

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 5-8kg
  • Life expectancy: 15-19 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colours: black, brown, honey, golden, sandy, dark grizzle

Character Lhasa Apso

The appearance is characterized by its long, dense and heavy coat. The hard top coat protects the small dog from moisture. At the same time, the undercoat offers ideal insulation against cold temperatures. The hair reaching down to the ground hides the robust, muscular body. The head with hanging ears is very hairy.

The short tail is carried upright, somewhat kinked in the last third.
The friendly lion dogs are very affectionate and playful. They react somewhat suspiciously towards strangers when they get to know each other. As soon as the self-confident dog has gained confidence, he shows his charming character.
The Lhasa Terrier can be a good family pet.

However, he has retained his independence and at times behaves in a distant manner. With a loving, consistent upbringing, he is friendly to children. However, some dogs of this breed prefer to be around calmer adults.
Despite the small body size, the Lhasa Apso likes to be part of long hikes. The persevering dog likes to accompany its owner on various sporting activities.

In his own territory he is very alert. The slightest suspicion is reported immediately. Despite this, the dog is not prone to constant barking.
For the Lhasa Terrier, “small but mighty”. The spirited dog is very intelligent and is often underestimated.

He gladly accepts loving and consistent guidance. If treated like a lapdog, the dog tends to take the lead and set the tone. The trusting relationship with its owner is based on mutual respect.
The independent and self-reliant dog bonds closely to its caregiver. With positive motivation, the attentive and docile little dog is easy to train.

If the owner tries to be strict, he will fail because of the stubborn stubbornness. The Lhasa Apso is a very adaptable dog. He is a good companion for single people. He integrates just as well into larger families.

Diet Lhasa Apso

The dogs of this breed make different individual demands on their food. Some dogs are calm and easygoing, others are lively and require a great deal of exercise.
The composition of the feed ration must be adapted to age, weight and nutritional status. The need for nutrients changes with age. Pregnant and lactating bitches need more vitamins and minerals.

Puppies require food and fresh water throughout the day. From the sixth month of life, feeding twice a day is sufficient.
When feeding dry food, the shape of the kibble should facilitate feed intake. The dog is encouraged to chew. The narrow teeth are cleaned mechanically.

In addition, sodium triphosphate binds the calcium in the saliva. The formation of tartar is delayed. If the dog is barred, the feed ration should consist of 50% meat and offal. The rest of the feed portion consists of vegetables, fruit, rice and pasta.
Poultry or white-fleshed fish are particularly well tolerated.

Pork that is difficult to digest is not suitable as food for small dogs. Lion dogs are very picky about their food. After a few tries, a tasty feed composition can be found for sure.
Air-dried chews are suitable as a reward and small snack in between. However, the pieces must not be too big so that the little dog can still chew them easily.

A Lhasa Apso should never be fed directly from the table. Otherwise, the “it’s only an exception” will quickly become a permanent feature. The dog will not stop begging insistently.


The fur is made up of two layers. The hard top coat protects the small dog’s body from wet and cold like an outdoor jacket. The insulating undercoat is very dense in winter. It fell out during the spring moult and is replaced by a thinner undercoat for the summer. The hair, which partially covers the eyes, protects them from dust, wind and UV radiation.

Regular grooming of the coat is very important for the long-haired dog breed. Frequent bathing is not necessary. Dry dirt can be easily brushed out of the coat. A grooming spray that moistens the hair should be applied before each grooming session. It prevents long hair from breaking off while brushing.

The easiest way to work your way through the dense coat is to brush the dog while lying on its side. The hair is parted and combed through layer by layer. A brush with natural bristles prevents the hair from becoming electrically charged. A wide-tooth metal comb can be used for the paws and belly.
Moisturizing shampoos with jojoba oil or cocoa butter care for skin and hair.

Some Lhasa Apsos are clipped short in the summer to facilitate grooming. The hair that partially covers the eyes should be trimmed regularly. This is the only way to ensure a clear view in all directions.
A weekly check of the lop-eared ears helps to identify parasites quickly. The onset of inflammation can be treated in good time.

The outer ear canal should be cleaned twice a week with a mild ear cleaner.
For cleaning, the auricle is cleaned first. The ear is then lifted slightly. The cleaner is dripped into the ear canal and massaged in. The dirt that has been rinsed out is removed with a soft cloth.

Cotton buds push the dirt deep. They should not be used to clean the ears.
Regular paw checks are required. In older dogs, the claws no longer wear well. They tend to grow into the paw pads.

Regular clipping of the claws is necessary to avoid injuries. The pads should be creamed with a care balm in summer and winter.
Lhasa Apso have a very short snout and closely spaced teeth. The formation of tartar is prevented by removing plaque from the teeth. Special toothbrushes and toothpaste for dogs can be used for this.


The Lhasa Terrier is one of the oldest dog breeds. Its original home is the Tibetan highlands. The elegant dog looks back on a millennia-old tradition of temple dogs. The noble dog was considered a lucky charm by the monks of the monasteries. The lion dogs were worshiped as reincarnations of deceased monks.

Because of his vigilance, farmers used him to guard the farm and livestock. Wool for clothing was made from the dense undercoat that was combed out. The noble dog even managed to conquer the court of the Chinese emperor.
The English first brought the Lhasa Apso to Britain in 1901. Shortly thereafter, the English king received some dogs from the Dalai Lama as a gift for breeding.

Through selection, the dog breed could be adapted to modern requirements.
In 1933 the first breed club was founded in England. In 1934 the first breed standard was established. It was recognized as an independent breed by the FCI in 1960. In the rest of Europe, especially in Germany, targeted breeding only began around 1970.

Even today, the Lhasaterrier is a rather rare breed of dog. Breed preservation is one of Britain’s responsibilities. Today’s breed standard is also determined in England.

Lhasa Apso Accessories

The dog needs a food bowl and a water bowl as basic equipment. The long hair must be protected from soiling with uneaten food. Feeding bowls with a raised edge or feeding bars help. A soft berth in a quiet corner makes the dog’s happiness complete. Nevertheless, he wants to be able to observe everything.

A brush and comb are required to groom the fur. Shampoos with mink oil increase the shine of long coats. Hair conditioners, balm and grooming spray protect the hair’s keratin layer.
Lhasa Apsos can be walked with a collar and leash. The collar must not be too tight in order to protect the hair as much as possible.

A winter coat is not necessary. The undercoat protects the small dog sufficiently from low temperatures. Short-cropped fur must be protected with a raincoat in wet weather.
Intelligence toys are just right for the lion dog. He enjoys the mental challenge of challenging games.

5.1Expert Score
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