Description Labrador Retrievers
Balanced, alert, joy of water
Almost everyone knows the Labrador Retriever. His friendly nature has made him one of the most popular dog breeds in recent years. The mostly easy-going dogs make the perfect companions for active families who love to be on the go. Once you’ve let a Labrador into your life, you won’t want to be without this power pack again.FCI Group: Retrievers – Search Dogs – Water Dogs
- Size: medium
- Weight: 25-36kg
- Life expectancy: 10-12 years
- Coat type: short hair
- Colours: Black, Yellow, Liver, Chocolate Brown
Character Labrador Retrievers
The Labrador Retriever has a handsome, massive head with a large muzzle. His relatively broad skull, which is characteristic of this breed, is particularly striking. The brown eyes have an intelligent and friendly expression. The Labrador has a real dog look.
The physique of the Labrador is strong overall.
His neck is very wide. His chest is also deeply arched and imposing. A male Labrador should be around 56-57 cm tall and weigh around 32 kg. Bitches are a bit smaller and lighter with 54 – 56 cm and 27 kg.
Labradors have a short coat with a pronounced undercoat.
Due to its original use as a retriever , the Labrador’s undercoat is water-resistant. The Labrador is usually one color. Only a small white spot on the chest is allowed in breeding. The colors of the Labrador are black, but lighter shades from brown to yellow are also allowed.
The Labrador’s large muzzle is equipped with large teeth.
However, a Labrador should have a “soft” mouth. This means that when hunting, it gives up its prey without resistance. Of course, this property also applies in the game. The Labrador has a passion for playing and romping. He is always available especially for retrieving.
He tirelessly retrieves the toy.
He is a sporty companion. Due to his attentive and good-natured nature, he is a good family dog. Originally a hunting dog, he is a true sporting aces and always in a good mood. In everyday life, he accompanies his family everywhere and is open to new acquaintances .
Due to its friendly nature, the Labrador is often used as a therapy or companion dog. He shines with his self-confident and people-friendly character.
But you should never forget his past as a hunting dog. You should be aware of this, so that the Labrador should also be trained consistently. A good upbringing is also important because of his exuberant character.
Labradors are almost always friendly and do not show aggression. However, due to their strength and size alone, they are sometimes very clumsy with people and other dogs. As a Labrador owner, you sometimes have to rein in your Labrador to protect others.
Most Labradors are very calm and composed in everyday life . But once the sporty dog gets going, there’s no holding back.
In addition to physical exercise, the intelligent dog also wants to be mentally stimulated. He learns quickly and with pleasure.
He is also happy about the recognition of his fellow human beings. If he has developed a good relationship with his owners, he can be guided well by it. The so-called show line, which was bred for exhibitions, is perhaps a bit more stubborn.
Almost every Labrador loves water and throws itself in every puddle. They are usually very good and persistent swimmers, as their physique is almost perfect for this. Labradors can keep themselves busy in the water for hours. They especially like to play with their fellow human beings or other dogs.
Diet Labrador Retrievers
Among the dog breeds, the Labrador is considered a true glutton . Most Labradors are therefore satisfied with almost any food and hardly complain. The intelligent dog quickly learns to encourage its owners to feed them extensively. If you find it difficult to stand up to the dog’s gaze, you should exercise a lot of discipline with your Labrador.
Because the Labrador is a very active dog , it requires a large ration of food.
Special types of food for large dogs , for example, are suitable for this . These types of food often have less energy calculated on the mass. By choosing the right food, you prevent your Labrador from becoming overweight.
You should also hold back on giving your Labrador treats. Store-bought treats are often high in fat, carbohydrates, and sometimes sugar.
You can also offer healthier alternatives instead. Many Labradors, but of course other dogs as well, like to eat cooked or raw carrots, pieces of apple and potatoes. Compared to industrially produced treats, you can reward him with fewer calories or bake the treats yourself.
The Labrador requires relatively few calories compared to other dogs. This means that the dog gains weight quickly and thus tends to be overweight.
Many foods for medium-sized dogs are too high in energy for the Labrador. As the owner, you should pay attention to the ingredients of the food. Large dog foods contain all the nutrients but less energy. This ensures that the active Labrador does not suffer from deficiency symptoms.
If your Labrador often seems hungry, you can add vegetables to his food ration.
This fills him up, but he hardly takes in any more calories.
As with any breed of dog, food should be matched to activity. A Labrador that gets a lot of daily exercise and is also busy with mind games needs more food than a couch potato. Since the Labrador can have genetic problems with the joints , he should be well fed. This can prevent breed-related diseases.
The Labrador’s short, dense coat is water-resistant and should have a nice shine. The condition of the coat can also provide information about the quality of the feed. Dull coat and scales can be a sign of improper feeding.
Unlike other dogs, the Labrador requires little grooming. If you want a Labrador, you shouldn’t be overly sensitive though.
The Labrador likes to walk in puddles because water is his element. The Labrador is not a lap dog and needs such adventures to be content.
So you should be able to put up with an occasional dirty dog. Once your Labrador has bathed in mud one more time, you can wash it off with plain water . Only in exceptional cases should it be washed off with shampoo.
You should definitely use a special dog shampoo for this, as this is gentle on the hair coat. Human shampoo degreases, which damages the hair structure and can lead to skin irritation.
The Labrador coat can occasionally be combed out with a brush . This makes it easier to change the undercoat and prevents it from falling out indoors. Like other dogs with a thick coat, the Labrador sheds, especially in the spring and fall.
You should also accept this if you are interested in keeping a Labrador.
The Labrador’s homeland is Canada’s east coast , but where it was referred to as St. John’s dog . The task of the animals was to support the work of the fishermen. They retrieved nets that had drifted off. To this day, this activity is reflected in the love of water and the diligence of the Labrador.
In the 19th century, the Labrador also became popular in England. There it was mainly used by noble hunters and changed the dog through targeted breeding. The original St. John’s dog was probably crossed with the athletic pointer.
Although the Labrador is well known today, it has only had its name since the 1970s , making it a relatively young breed of dog.
His name is made up of his origin, the island of Labrador off Newfoundland, and the word ” retriever “. The word describes the retrieval of killed animals during the hunt. Like other retrievers, the Labrador was often sent to find dead animals and bring them to the hunter. The most important characteristic of the dogs was that they did not bite or even eat the prey.
The Labrador was used particularly often for hunting near the water .
His good swimming performance and his passion for the water were an advantage. The Labrador was often taken along on waterfowl hunts. In addition to his love of water , the Labrador was also able to shine through his other characteristics. The patient dog can wait for hours next to his handler without losing his composure. Nevertheless, he is easy to motivate and enjoys working with his owner.
In recent decades, Labradors have also become increasingly popular away from the hunt. Different breeding lines were formed. The Field Trial line is a breeding line of smaller and lighter Labradors used for hunting. The Show line is bigger and more massive. This line has also proven itself as a family dog.
Today, the Labrador is not only valued as a companion and playmate. The intelligent dog breed is used in many areas. Labradors are guide, rescue and sniffer dogs. Here the self-confident dogs shine with their agility and composure.
Labrador Retrievers Accessories
You need a suitable collar and a stable leash for your Labrador . In the early stages, it may be better if you lead your Labrador by the harness to get him used to walking at heel. This prevents the dog from pulling on the collar and damaging its spine. Once your Labrador learns to walk without pulling on the leash, he can also be walked on the collar.
A short, stable leash is usually sufficient to walk the dog.
Many Labradors have a strong hunting instinct and are only able to run free to a limited extent. If you can’t always call your Labrador back, you should practice this with a tow leash. The towing line should only ever be used with gloves on the strong Labrador . This will prevent you from getting injured if the dog suddenly starts running. With lots of praise and motivation, most Labradors can walk free quickly.
A useful accessory for the Labrador are fetch toys , since he is predisposed to fetch. These can be dummies or food pencil cases, which the dogs are usually happy to bring back diligently and use them to work out. Try different toys with your Lab. You will quickly find out which games your dog is particularly enthusiastic about. These games can also be used as motivation for other exercises.
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