Japan Spitz

Description Japan Spitz

Smart, happy, bright
If you like small dogs that are a big eye-catcher, the Japanese Spitz should inspire you. With his thick coat of hair, dark eyes and characteristically pointed face, he attracts everyone’s sympathy. At the same time, the four-legged friend, called Nihon Supittsu in Japan, impresses with its friendly and uncomplicated nature.FCI Group: Spitz – Primitive type dogs

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 4.5-11kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-14 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colours: pure white

Character Japan Spitz

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the Nihon Supittsu as a Japanese dog breed in 1964 (FCI Group 5, Section 5, Standard No. 262).
The four-legged friend is characterized by the fact that he is exclusively pure white. Thanks to the straight, thick hair, the Japanese Spitz appears strong. Which is not least due to the fluffy undercoat.

The beautiful frill on the shoulders, neck and fore chest contributes to the attractive appearance. A long, voluminous flag is typical of the tail.
Despite its short legs, the Japanese Spitz is sporty and extremely agile. Because of the balanced proportions, the appearance of the compact pedigree dog is both distinctive and harmonious.
The height at the withers – the higher transition from the neck to the back – is usually 30 to 38 cm in adult males.

Dog ladies reach a somewhat lower level. The Japanese Spitz weighs between 4.5 and 11 kg.
The balanced character of the Japanese Spitz goes well with the very harmonious appearance. He is an attentive guardian. Anyone who comes near is still not immediately reported with wild barking.

Only when the Japanese pedigree dog feels a serious threat does it raise its voice and defend itself vehemently.
At home, the Japanese Spitz behaves rather calmly. Outdoors, on the other hand, he likes to show what energy he has. To enjoy Nihon Supittsu, you must like a small dog that loves to frolic and loves games. You should also enjoy long trips with your four-legged friend.

The Japanese Spitz is a very human-centric dog. It doesn’t matter to him whether he belongs to a single person or whether he has a master and mistress at the same time. He also likes to live with a family. Priority is the two-legged society. Conspecifics or other pets are not enough.

Even if the Japanese Spitz usually get along well with them. So if you don’t have much time for a dog, a Japanese Spitz may not be right for you.
The white puppy enjoys being with people and would like to be there anytime, anywhere. He is very receptive and willing to learn. Which makes training in combination with attachment quite easy even for inexperienced dog owners.

A city apartment is suitable for him, as long as he is well utilized with long walks and activities.

Diet Japan Spitz

Proper nutrition contributes in a special way to the health and well-being of the Japanese Spitz. The small dogs with a very compact physique have a strong tendency to become overweight . Too many pounds can easily lead to joint diseases and heart and circulatory problems. Being overweight also increases the risk of diabetes.
As the owner of a Japanese Spitz, you should definitely comply with the quantities recommended by the food manufacturers.

In addition, the dog should not be given too many treats in between.
Not only the quantity but also the quality of the feed is of crucial importance. In addition to vegetables or rice, good dog food consists to a large extent of high-quality meat. Inferior feed often has an excessive amount of grain. Under no circumstances may flavor enhancers or sweeteners be included.

You should use the manufacturer’s information to find out about the exact composition of the dog food before you buy it. Good and harmless dog food is available from various suppliers both as wet and dry food.
It is not uncommon for dog owners to prefer home-cooked dog food. This can also be an alternative to commercially available ready-made food for the Japanese Spitz. However, you must acquire the necessary knowledge to cook balanced dog food yourself.

BARFing is also a good way to feed the Japanese Spitz healthily. BARF stands for Bone And Raw Food. All feed components, such as meat, fish, vegetables or fruit, are only served raw. Various providers and special shops make BARFing easier for dog owners. As with cooking the feed yourself, certain knowledge of how to use the raw ingredients correctly is also essential for this feeding method.

You should feed a puppy 3-5 times a day and an adult Japanese Spitz 2 times a day.


One of the most distinctive features of the Japanese Spitz is its beautiful white coat. And that needs to be taken care of! He should be brushed weekly . Note that the Japanese Spitz changes their coat twice a year. This takes about 2-3 weeks. He should be brushed thoroughly every day during the change of coat .

Since the Japanese Spitz has a dirt-repellent coat, it should not be bathed regularly. Regular bathing can also irritate your skin. Twice a year is enough. If it has come into contact with mud, wait for the mud to dry out. After that you can just brush it off.

Furthermore, the teeth require special attention. They should be cleaned at least once a week. It is better to brush your teeth every day, as the Japanese Spitz is often prone to dental problems.
The Nihon Supittsu can also have problems with its hereditary predisposition to diseases. For example, it is possible that narrowed tear ducts or eye diseases such as distichiasis become a problem.

Inflammation of the nose, ears and paws are also not uncommon. It is also common for patellar luxation to occur , i.e. the kneecap jumping out of its guide.
Since the Japanese Spitz is susceptible to diseases, the dog should always be closely monitored in order to take timely action against impending symptoms. If necessary, with the help of a veterinarian.

You can counteract the often enormously increased maintenance effort associated with diseases by only buying a Japanese Spitz from a reputable breeder . To assess it is important to get an impression of the breeder’s premises.
Several visits to the breeder are advisable. The personal impression simply has to be right. It is convincing when the breeder can present genetic test results to prove the seriousness of his breeding.

When buying, you have to make sure that the dog’s papers are correct. A pedigree and a purchase contract are also part of a dog purchased from a reputable breeder.


Contrary to what you might think, the Japanese Spitz does not originally come from Japan. Rather, the Japanese Spitz comes from Europe. It is thought to have been brought to Japan by travelers in the early 20th century.
It is disputed among cynologists whether the origin of the pedigree dog is to be found among the Nordic peaks. The similar appearance to the German Mittelspitz suggests that the Japanese Spitz is descended from it.

It is equally possible that the Japanese Spitz originated from the white German Großspitz and came to Japan via Siberia and China.
The breed was first introduced at a dog show in Tokyo in the early 1920s . After that, lace specially suited for breeding purposes was imported. First they came from Canada and then also from China, Australia and the USA.
The small white dog with the attractive appearance and pleasant qualities became increasingly popular among the Japanese.

A first breed standard was established in 1948 by the Japanese Kennel Club . It remained valid until the FCI revision. Characteristic of breeding in Japan is that efforts have always been made to keep the Spitz small. In Germany, on the other hand, breeders tended to favor large animals.
Although the Japanese Spitz was very popular in Japan for many decades, the number of newly registered puppies has decreased noticeably in the recent past.

The Japanese Spitz is currently enjoying increasing popularity in Europe and the USA.
The Japanese Spitz was finally recognized as a breed by the FCI in 1964 .

Japan Spitz Accessories

The Japanese Spitz does not need breed-specific accessories. A leash and collar must be provided. Alternatively, a chest harness can also be used. You should choose a harness that ensures that the fur remains well ventilated and the material does not stain. A flex line allows the Japanese Spitz to do justice to its urge to move.

This is especially useful when the dog cannot be let off the leash.
A brush must be available for grooming . A comb is also recommended. A toothbrush or finger brush and appropriate toothpaste are also required.
You should treat your Japanese Spitz to a dog bed and blanket so that it has its own resting place.

A feeding and drinking bowl must not be forgotten when purchasing the equipment. The Japanese Spitz will definitely have fun with one or the other toy . Toys that are particularly useful for agility do justice to the character of the lively little dog.

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