Jack Russell Terrier

Description Jack Russell Terrier

Lively, Active, Bold
Bred for fox hunting, the Jack Russell Terrier is recognized as a purebred dog by FCI Standard No. 345: Group 3. It originated in Great Britain. The breed went through a further development in Australia. The terrier, also affectionately called Jacky, is suitable as a companion dog. But even for families with children, he becomes a dear playmate if he receives a consistent upbringing.FCI Group: Terriers

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 5-6kg
  • Life expectancy: 13-16 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colors: White with black tan markings

Character Jack Russell Terrier

The Jack Russell Terrier can have rough , smooth , or bristly coats . The main color of the pedigree dog must be predominantly white. Spots prescribe brown, black or light reddish-brown in coloring. The height at the withers is 25 to 30 cm. The weight amounts to 5 to 6 kg.

The ideal weight is 1 kg per 5 cm height.
The terrier’s body is slightly longer in proportion to its height and appears rectangular. The Jack Russell Terrier’s flexible lop ears have good texture. The strong loins are muscular. Its chest, which is deeper than it is wide, measures around 40 to 43 cm in circumference.

The head narrows from the top towards the eyes. The skull is flat and not very wide. The black nose is typical of the pedigree dog. The white blaze on one side of the bridge of the nose is characteristic. It often runs asymmetrically from the nose to the eyes and ends at the forehead.

His lips are tight and show black pigmentation. Although the terrier is a small dog, it has a strong jaw with strong teeth. The almond-shaped edges of the lids should also have black pigmentation. The eyelids are tight.
The tail hangs at rest and stands erect when moving.

Its round paws with hard pads point neither in nor out. The Jack Russell Terrier has paws with slightly arched toes. He walks bouncy and straight.
The nimble Jack Russell Terrier is characterized by a good character. As a strong, small workhorse , it is still valued today as a companion dog for hunters or riders .

The intelligent Jacky is a real sunshine. He conquers hearts with his lovable and friendly nature and also likes to cuddle.
He is considered a lively and funny fellow . His joy of movement is well known among dog connoisseurs. His battery is always running at full speed.

He loves digging and digging in the garden. The Jacky is a power pack.
The docile terrier loves children as long as they show them the respect they deserve. He especially likes going for walks or swimming. He needs an active owner who likes to exercise himself and spends a lot of time with him.

Jacky is most capable of learning when he is young and has not yet received the wrong upbringing. However, an experienced dog owner can still re-educate an adult Jack Russell well. If the terrier loves its owner, it will quickly obey. You should start training Jacky from the first day you move in.

Diet Jack Russell Terrier

Like all dogs, the terrier is a carnivore. Its ancestor is the wolf. However, a Jack Russell Terrier also eats plant-based food. Feeding this bundle of energy is relatively simple. He likes any food.

The diet of the small hound should consist of meat, vegetables, grain and, if possible, fruit.
However, sometimes a spoiled Jack Russell Terrier can be picky about food. You can offer your Jacky both dry food and wet food . If you have time, prepare fresh food yourself.
Up until the age of one year, a puppy needs a completely different diet than an adult Jack Russell Terrier.

Puppies are separated from their mothers at the earliest after 10 weeks. They need special puppy food and that four times a day.
If your puppy doesn’t eat the entire bowl, you should throw the rest away after fifteen minutes at the latest. From the 14th week, only three meals a day are sufficient. When your Jacky is six months old, you can skip one meal and reduce it to two.

Do not feed the Jack Russell Terrier too late in the evening.
From the age of one year, you can tell from your Jacky’s eating habits whether he wants to continue feeding twice or whether one meal is enough for him. Then you can also use food for adult dogs.
The Jack Russell Terrier is relatively robust and tolerates almost everything. However, if he has allergies or other diseases, he needs a special diet.

Your vet will explain this to you.

Grooming

The Jack Russell Terrier’s coat is short and easy to groom. It has little undercoat and does not require heavy trimming. For a straight-haired Jack Russell Terrier, a rubber trimmer is enough to get rid of the old coat.
For the wire-haired terrier you need a blunt trimming knife. You can also buy a pumice stone at the drug store and use that.

You can also trim the fur against the grain. Start at your dog’s back and work your way down to the tail. Then you trim the legs and finally the head. Be careful on the insides of the hind legs and on the belly! Your Jacky is sensitive there. If you’re worried about doing something wrong, make an appointment with a groomer every six weeks.

The dog’s natural protection is its fur and the skin has a natural protective layer of fat that must not be damaged. If your Jacky comes home dirty, first dry him off with an old towel. The fur needs to dry and then you can brush it.
Daily care includes checking the eyes and faeces (two to three times a day) for parasites, worms and texture.
Weekly grooming includes cleaning ears , checking teeth for plaque , checking paws for debris and inflammation.

Occasionally the claws should be clipped. Independent abrasion of the claws depends on the surface and how much the dog moves.

History

The Jack Russell Terrier’s namesake and breeding sire is Reverend John Russell, who was called Jack. The British clergyman bred a type of fox terrier that could retrieve prey and foxes from their underground holes. He was from Darthmouth in the county of Devon. He had studied at Oxford and during this time he acquired the progenitor of the Jack Russell Terrier and the Parson Russell Terrier. Her name was Trump.

Russell also sought outside terriers with traits he favored. By crossing the fox terriers he bred, the reputation of these dogs’ achievements far preceded them. That’s why they were named after their breeder, Jack Russell. He continued to value his terriers’ work performance. Color and other characteristics were only important to him in the second instance, while the fox terrier was already becoming a fashion dog at the time.

Much later, a second Russell Terrier was born from the Jack Russell Terrier breed. The Parson Russell Terrier , which also owes its name to the Reverend (=Parson) Russell. Both breeds are recognized by the FCI.
Jack Russell, who was a founding member of the Kennel Club in 1873, died ten years later at the age of 87. He left us a wonderful legacy.

The Jack Russell Terrier, popular worldwide today.
His successor Arthur Heinemann took over the kennel from Jack Russell and also trained the animals to hunt badgers and otters. After his death in 1930, his dogs were distributed to various breeders.
From around 1820, this small terrier was used for fox hunting in Australia. Australia today, as the patron of the Jack Russell Terrier, represents this breed at the FCI.

From the 1850s, the Jack Russell spread more and more in Australia. Its importance in hunting, especially fox hunting, was increasing. He would fit down any rabbit hole that Australian foxes prefer. Due to the short body height he was the ideal dog.

Jack Russell Terrier Accessories

For the Jacky you need a comfortable collar that fits well. A harness that does not fit the neck and can be closed behind the front legs works best. Jack Russell Terriers are fast and pully. Training on a leash is especially important for puppies. From an early age, your terrier needs to learn to walk to your left and beside you, not in front of you.

Jack Russells love cozy cups that are not too open. He will like a dog cave for medium-sized dogs. If you keep him outside, he should have a stable and warm home. Jacky freezes very quickly and should be indoors in winter if possible. For the rain, manufacturers offer rain protection clothing for dogs.

But if you rub it dry after the walk and it’s allowed to be in a warm house, that’s not necessary.
Jack Russell Terriers love all kinds of games. The main thing is that they can move around. You have stamina while racing, the battery rarely runs out. The terrier is very social and likes to play with other dogs.

He gets along with any other breed. He enjoys swimming or going to the dog playground . With his hereditary disposition as a hunting dog, he will also like to fetch sticks or balls. He likes to fetch.

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Breed characteristics

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