Description Hokkaido

Fearless, Loyal, Dignified
The Hokkaido – also known as the Ainu-ken or Ainu-Inu – was bred in the past to hunt bears and is characterized by remarkable endurance. Today it is also considered a “monument of nature” worthy of protection.FCI Group: Spitz – Primitive type dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 20-30kg
  • Life expectancy: 14 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colours: black, sesame, white, black and tan, red, brindle

Character Hokkaido

This dog breed can grow up to 52 cm. The medium-sized Hokkaido dog has a strong build and a robust bone structure. His musculature is strongly developed. This breed’s coat is just as resilient. It consists of hard top hair and a soft undercoat.

The fur can vary in color from red to black or white.
Its appearance is similar to the Akita, which is also a breed originating from Japan. The dogs have a rather broad head with small black eyes and a mostly black nose. The ears are triangular in shape and point upwards. The dog carries its tail rolled over its back.

The Hokkaido dog only bonds to a human who serves as its pack leader. Often he only takes orders from this one and gladly ignores the orders of others. The Ainu-ken is usually reserved towards strangers and thus maintains a certain dignity. However, the stubbornness of the dog does not always make it easy for the owner to enforce his will and often poses a challenge even for experienced dog owners. His sensitivity often results in stubbornness when he is treated unfairly.

Diet Hokkaido

The Hokkaido usually show an extraordinary fondness for fish. The right amount of food depends on the dog’s age, weight and activity level. 300 g of fish or meat, 140 g of vegetables and about 100 g of rice or pasta divided into two meals per day should be enough for the dog. However, no other sources of food should be available between feeding times and treats should also be given sparingly. However, fresh water must always be available for the dog.


You should brush your dog’s coat well about two to three times a week and daily brushing is recommended during the change of coat.
The dog’s ears and teeth also need to be cleaned every now and then. Preferably twice a week. The claws should also be checked regularly for excess length and trimmed if necessary.
Otherwise the Hokkaido dog is very clean.

Bathing is therefore not necessary and could even have a damaging effect on your dog’s hair structure.


The fact that the Hokkaido dog has its origins in Japan can be heard from its name. There it was primarily used for hunting large game. Even today, catching fish is one of his duties.
The breed is believed to have descended from other medium-sized dogs that were companions to emigrants in the Kamura period. Further breeding was carried out by the Ainu, the natives of Hokkaido.

They almost adore these courageous dogs. The breed did not receive its current name, along with its protected status, until 1937.

Hokkaido Accessories

This breed of dog requires a lot of exercise and exercise. A large garden is therefore already a prerequisite for the purchase of such a dog.
At least one long leash is recommended for the forays. However, it is best for the dog if it can run free, although good training is of course extremely important. A brush for the coat is also not to be forgotten.

6.3Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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