Gentle, Playful, Companionate
These outgoing and playful dogs have become an extremely popular dog breed in Germany. Due to their small body size and their uncomplicated character, Havanese are ideal as a companion dog for everyone. He is definitely a low maintenance dog. This breed of dog is very outgoing and trusting towards others. Due to their nature, they are often used as therapy or sniffer dogs.FCI group: Companion dogs
- Size: Small
- Weight: 4.5-7.3kg
- Life expectancy: 13-15 years
- Coat type: long hair
- Colors: Black, White, Havana, Fawn, Tobacco, Mahogany
The Havanese is one of the small dog breeds and is classified in group 9 after recognition by the FCI. With a body size of approx. 23-27 cm and an average body weight of 5-7 kg, this breed is rather small and yet extremely energetic , active and enthusiastic about movement .
The lop ears of the four-legged friends are particularly striking. These are set high on the animal’s head and are covered with long strands of hair.
Overall, the physique of the animals is somewhat rectangular with a low center of gravity. A very special feature of this breed is the long, silky, shiny coat, which can be found in a wide variety of colors and shades. The basic color of the fur is always white, which is then broken up by different tones.
The top coat of the animals can be very long and is usually pleasantly soft. The structure of the hair can be smooth, slightly wavy or even curly and is therefore as individual as the animal itself.
The Havanese is basically a very even -tempered , sociable dog. He has a lovable character , is extremely docile and cheerful . These animals have a lot of fun learning new tricks and tricks, which is why they often appear in front of an audience as so-called “show dogs”. They are very active and have a lot of energy.
Since these dogs like to romp and play and feel an enormous urge to move, it is important that Havanese get enough exercise .
Long walks and games where the little ones can run a lot are an advantage here. Even if the small four-legged friends like to cuddle and cuddle, they are by no means to be regarded as pure lap dogs, but need just as much exercise as large dog breeds.
Havanese form a close and intense bond with their owners and families and often appear very affectionate towards them. Some Havanese tend to have pronounced separation anxiety and want to be with you anytime, anywhere. They do not feel comfortable when they are alone in the house and should therefore not be left completely alone if possible.
If it is unavoidable to leave it alone, it makes sense to teach the animal this when it is a puppy so that separation anxiety does not arise in the first place.
Like all dogs, Havanese need love and attention, but can entertain themselves for short periods of time. Despite their small size, Havanese are highly protective and will do anything to protect their owners. Havanese are very intelligent dogs who are quick learners.
The animals are very fixated on us humans and are dependent on them, which means that they can learn a lot from us if we allow this and encourage them accordingly.
It makes sense to educate the Havanese at a young age, at best of course when it is a puppy, and to teach it everything you need to know.
This breed is always open to both strangers and unknown dogs and even other creatures . The calm, self-confident and completely non-aggressive charisma of the animals makes them pleasant companions. Problems dealing with new and unfamiliar situations rarely arise with these lively little four-legged friends.
Their curiosity and desire to learn new things also makes the breed ideal as a therapy dog .
Havanese are particularly popular when it comes to supporting people with disabilities or impairments. The animals really enjoy their job and can also do something good. Not infrequently, Havanese are also trained to pick up tracks.
The Havanese has a relatively high life expectancy, averaging 10 to 13 years. However, in order for this to be adhered to, a balanced, healthy diet is of enormous importance for the animal. The intake of nutrients and vitamins is important and should be provided by a selected feed.
Since the Havanese, like most dog breeds, tends to appear insatiable, special care must be taken when it comes to the daily amount of food. Overfeeding the animal quickly leads to obesity, which has a negative effect on the dog’s joints.
It is particularly important for small dogs that they maintain their weight and do not tend to be overweight, as the often short and thin legs of the four-legged friends can otherwise hardly carry the body weight. Joint problems and pain are the result.
The correct daily amount of food depends on various factors. This includes the size and weight of the animal as well as the age and the urge to move. In general, the more active the dog, the higher the dosage of the food can be.
Havanese need special attention when it comes to grooming. The long top coat of the dogs must be washed, brushed, groomed and, if necessary, trimmed regularly. Dirt and grime like to settle on the coat, so it needs to be cleaned and protected from matting.
It should also be noted that the animal’s full-length hair should be tied back in the dog’s face so that it does not obstruct the animal’s field of vision. The areas around the eyes should also be cleaned daily or trimmed if necessary to prevent eye infections.
In summer, the danger of ticks, which can hide in the long, confusing hair of the dogs, is extremely high. The annoying parasites are hard to spot at first glance, so regular coat checks should be carried out.
There is no change of coat between the seasons in the Havanese. In winter, the fur keeps the animals warm and in summer it protects them from overheating. This positive quality is due to the Cuban origin of the dogs.
In general, Havanese only shed a little dog hair, so this breed is also well suited for allergy sufferers, who normally react to dog hair falling out.
Havanese are one of the healthy dog breeds that are currently not over-bred and therefore do not have any diseases typical of the breed. Nevertheless, a dog can get diseases. Regular visits to the veterinarian and compliance with all relevant vaccinations are therefore mandatory.
As the name suggests, the Havanese originally came from Cuba. The first ancestors of today’s breed are said to have existed there as early as the 15th century. Even then, Havanese were considered loyal companions and were often kept by nobles and wealthy people.
As a popular pedigree dog, it was then brought to Europe, especially to Spain, France and England, where a veritable peak in terms of breeding and popularity of the breed came about in the mid-19th century. In the meantime, however, this “hype” has subsided, which has the advantage for future owners of the Havanese that these animals are not overbred.
Havanese love to romp and play, which is why dog owners should definitely get some toys . The animals also like to take part in so-called agility training or enjoy games of skill . Play meetings with other dogs are also a good way to keep the little fur balls busy.
Havanese like to see everything, which is why they like to choose places that are higher up. This includes, for example, sofa backrests or chairs.
Since the world of animals is difficult to survey from their perspective, they often want to aim high, so don’t be surprised if your Havanese always chooses elevated places to sleep or linger.
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