Greenland Dog

Description Greenland Dog

Loyal, Energetic, Fearless
Tousled white fur, a strong and robust stature, faithful looking eyes. However, we are not talking about a small polar bear, but about the Greenland dog. Living in the coldest regions of our planet has strongly influenced the appearance, character, behavior and instincts of this special breed of dog.FCI Group: Spitz – Primitive type dogs

  • Size: Large
  • Weight: 30-32kg
  • Life expectancy: 10 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colours: white, black, brown

Character Greenland Dog

The Greenland dog resembles the original wolf in appearance and behavior even today. Its thick fur allows it to survive between snow and ice. Here in Germany, this breed is rarely found. In general, this breed of dog is rarely seen outside of Greenland or other cold areas. The dog is an excellent sled dog and enjoys living with the Eskimos.

Centuries have strengthened the dog and made it a robust and enduring companion.
The Greenland dog comes in different colors. However, its fur is often white. However, it can also be brown, reddish or black. Its fur is particularly thick and the undercoat protects the four-legged friend in cold temperatures all year round.

In its home region it is now kept as a loyal companion, sled dog or hunting dog. He has an excellent hunting instinct, he is fast, fearless and strong.
The dog breed reaches a size of up to 60 cm, females are usually a little smaller. The trusty dark eyes give the Greenland dog a particularly warm charisma. But looks are deceptive: the Greenland dog is by no means a cuddly dog.

He needs a lot of exercise and a demanding job to be kept in a species-appropriate manner.
In order to train a Greenland Dog properly, the dog owner should already have some experience in dealing with dogs. A consistent and empathetic hand is the recipe for success in order to be able to live happily with the fur nose.
Because of the thick coat, this breed can easily be kept outside. Before committing to this particular dog, remember that he is primarily a working dog and not a companion or family dog.

However, when properly nurtured and properly trained, the Greenland Dog is open and friendly to people. He is not prone to aggression.

Diet Greenland Dog

Your Greenland Dog not only needs a lot of food, but also a good quality one, which will provide him with all the nutrients, minerals and vitamins he needs for his work and exercise. For all dogs, the meat content in the food should be 60-70%.
The meat provides the dog with the necessary energy for the day. For the amount of food, you can use the manufacturer’s information as a guide. Carbohydrates should always be present in good dog food, but only around 20-30%.

Carbohydrates can be obtained from potatoes, pumpkins or grains.
The assumption that grains are harmful to dogs is wrong. Grains are just harder to digest and dogs with sensitive stomachs should not be fed foods containing grains. However, if your dog is healthy all around and the grain content in the food is not too high, then you can feed the food to your fur nose with a clear conscience.


This breed of dog has a very thick coat, which, however, does not require any special care. If he is kept in warmer regions, which actually includes all areas south of the so-called dog equator, then he loses a lot of his undercoat. The undercoat can be removed with special combs.
When breeding Greenland dogs, great value was always placed on the robustness of the dog. It is therefore not susceptible to any particular diseases.

As with all large dog breeds, however, obesity or a lack of exercise can lead to joint problems.
When keeping this dog breed, it must be remembered that the animals are used to life in packs. It should therefore not be kept as an only dog. The Greenland Dog prefers to be guided by its pack of dogs rather than a human. These dogs also don’t develop the same bond with people that Golden Retrievers, Labradors or other domestic dog breeds do.


The Greenland dog is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. Already 1,000 years ago he lived with the Eskimos and supported them in hunting seals and polar bears. For the people living at that time, the dog was essential for survival. Thanks to his help, they were able to cover greater distances with the dog sled and hunt more successfully.
It was useful for pulling heavy loads, and in times of dire need, the Greenland Dog also served as food for humans.

But he wasn’t bred for it. First and foremost, the Greenland Dog was and is a true workhorse. The dog gained notoriety when the famous explorer Roald Amundsen took this breed of dog with him on his voyages of discovery to the Arctic and Antarctic. Genetically, the breed is assigned to the spitz dogs. It has been recognized as a dog breed by the FCI.

Greenland Dog Accessories

As already mentioned, a Greenland Dog should only be kept in a pack. In addition, he should be able to exercise outside all day long. A house of your own and a large plot of land are the prerequisites for keeping the dog breed in a species-appropriate manner.
You can also keep your four-legged friend in a kennel overnight, provided it is escape-proof and large enough. In the cold, the animals have no problems.

Also, find suitable employment. Gear for sled racing is unlikely to make sense in our area, but there are special tow cars that you and your dog can use to train.

4.9Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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