German Wachtelhund

Description German Wachtelhund

Loving, docile, happy to retrieve
The Deutscher Wachtelhund or German Spaniel is a medium-sized German dog breed recognized by the FCI. It belongs to the search dogs and is characterized by a very loving nature. However, he should only be kept explicitly as a hunting dog.FCI Group: Retrievers – Search Dogs – Water Dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 18-30kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-14 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colors: Brown, red, white markings on toes and chest

Character German Wachtelhund

Overall, the German Wachtelhund is a rather unknown breed. Because of his appearance, he is often mistaken for a spaniel. Nevertheless, it is particularly popular with hunters and foresters.
A German Wachtelhund grows up to 54 cm. His weight is around 30 kg.

Bitches are usually always a bit smaller and lighter.
The German Wachtelhund belongs to the hunting dogs. Its fur is dense and strong. The fur is usually slightly wavy or long and smooth. Occasionally white markings may be possible or white piebalds.

He has long floppy ears and a pointed snout.
When hunting, the German Wachtelhund is used especially as a retriever. But he is also a scavenger and water dog. He has a very keen sense of smell and a strong urge to find things.
He particularly enjoys hunting ducks, as he is very fond of water.

But he also achieves excellent results when hunting hoofed game. He works very independently. It handles any terrain with ease. It is recommended that this breed be used for hunting purposes only. He needs a lot of exercise and you should challenge him and keep him busy on a regular basis.

Despite this, the German Wachtelhund is a loyal animal with a good disposition. He is open-minded and builds a close bond with his master. In addition, he has a cheerful nature and has a lot of energy and endurance.
He is easy going with other people and dogs. He is particularly socially compatible and likes to be in company.

His nature is further characterized by courage and a high willingness to learn. Its protective and guard instincts, on the other hand, are only weakly developed.
It is particularly important to keep the German Spaniel in a species-appropriate manner, as otherwise it is prone to poaching. Other behavioral problems can also develop. In any case, he should receive comprehensive, competent hunting training.

This should start right at the youngest puppy age.

Diet German Wachtelhund

When feeding your German Spaniel, you should ensure that it is balanced. The majority of meals should consist of meat. Vegetables are also good for development. You should always determine the amount of food individually. The need is measured according to the age and weight of the animal.

Added to this is his physical exertion.
If the dog is still small, it needs special puppy food. You should feed several smaller meals throughout the day. Don’t feed the puppy too much food or it will affect skeletal growth. It is best to focus on 3-4 meals.

Once the dog has grown, twice a day is recommended. It is best to feed him in the morning and in the evening. Energy requirements decrease with age. Accordingly, seniors need smaller portions of food.
Whether you choose dry or wet food is up to you.

Wet food contains more aromas and a higher water content. Dry food is cheaper and can also be fed as a treat. In addition, it lasts longer. It is best to choose a mixture of both.
Treats are allowed and you can use them as a reward.

Some treats also support dental health. You should also use chewing bones regularly, as they prevent tartar and remove existing tartar.
In addition to the food, you also have to make sure that you drink enough water. Make sure fresh water is always available. Clear tap water works best.

You should rather stay away from milk or foods containing sugar.


Grooming the German Wachtelhund is uncomplicated. However, you should brush the fur regularly. This will remove dirt and prevent matting. You should use the brush more frequently when the dog is changing its fur, as this is where the dog leaves a lot of hair.
You should also check your ears regularly to prevent infections.

This could happen quickly due to the humid and warm climate in this region of the head. Get a special ear cleaner for this.
Since the hairs on the paws are also relatively long, it can be helpful to shorten them there. This will prevent dirt from getting stuck. You should also regularly check and clean your paws for injuries.

You can keep the pads supple with a fat cream and protect them from cracks.
You should also regularly examine the claws and shorten them if necessary. This is especially true if the dog moves a lot on soft ground. If they are too long, the dog can injure itself.
You will also need a dog brush and dog shampoo to bathe the dog if necessary.

A dog toothbrush and toothpaste are also useful helpers and should be used regularly.
In order to free the dog from dirt and mud, it is best to always carry a towel and a blanket for the car. You should also carry tick tweezers with you, as the animal can easily catch a tick in the forest.


The breeding of the German Wachtelhund goes back to the year 1903. Since then, the so-called pure breeding of this breed has taken place. There are two different color breeds. On the one hand the brown breed and next to it the brown mold.
Rudolf Frieß, the so-called “quail father”, brought these different color variations to life.

He laid the foundation for the development and continued existence of this breed. Gradually, more and more men followed him who wanted to breed this breed and systematically built it up .
An examination system was also established. Here, however, initially only a utility test was carried out. The investment tests came later.

Interest in the German Wachtelhund grew particularly in the Third Reich. About 500 puppies were born each year. In the Second World War, demand fell again. But already in the thirties the number increased again to about 700 puppies per year. The German Wachtelhund was now enjoying growing popularity again.

The color schemes have always been consistently separated over the years and diseases bred away. Common problems with hip dysplasia have remained.
The Club for German Wachtelhunde is the only breed club in existence. The breed is particularly common in Germany. Since 2007 there has also been the “Deutscher Wachtelhund of North America” ​​association in America.

German Wachtelhund Accessories

You need a stable collar and a tear-resistant leash. The dog needs a retreat. Many hunting dogs are kept in kennels. Here should be a kennel, which is laid out with straw or dachshund. This protects the animal from wind and weather.

You can also keep the German Spaniel indoors. Then he needs a basket and a blanket. The German Wachtelhund should have a fixed feeding place. Here you set up a non-slip feeding bowl and a stable water trough.
Because the Deutscher Wachtelhund is a hunting dog, it’s a good idea to get a dog whistle.

Your dog should also wear a signal collar or safety vest so that it is not accidentally mistaken for wild animals when hunting.
Since the German Wachtelhund moves in extensive terrain during its missions, a tracking device is also a good idea. So you can track the dog in case of doubt.
Since the dog often has to be transported in the car for hunting, you should attach a grid in the trunk. You also need a secure holder for the dog.

You can also install a box.
A flea collar protects your dog from fleas. Floo powder also has this effect.
To keep the German Spaniel busy at home or on walks, put one on. ball or a Frisbee that he can fetch.

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