Finnish Spitz

Description Finnish Spitz

Robust, self-confident, courageous
The Finnish Spitz is rarely encountered in Germany. The national dog of Finland is known as the perfect family dog ​​and sports partner. Anyone interested in this robust and very self-confident breed needs patience for consistent training. But you will be rewarded with an extremely loyal and good-natured partner.FCI Group: Spitz – Primitive type dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 7-13kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-14 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colours: reddish brown to golden brown

Character Finnish Spitz

The Finnish Spitz is a medium-sized breed from the Spitz group and has the typical anatomy. The snout is long and pointed, the tail is erect and carried over the back.
The coat is straight, stiff and relatively long. Because of the harsh climate in its original environment, the Finnish Spitz has a dense undercoat. The top coat is reddish brown to golden brown and slightly lighter on the chest, belly, legs and face.

With this coloring he reminds a little of a robust fox.
The Finnish Spitz is a compact dog with a shoulder height of about 40-50 cm. Depending on size and gender, it weighs between 7 and 13 kg.
The breed is very energetic and likes to be kept busy at all times. He can’t stand being alone.

Therefore, the Finnish Spitz is particularly suitable as a companion and family dog. Nor should he be the only dog ​​in the family. He is very enthusiastic about sports activities and long walks.
Despite its rather small size, the Finnish Spitz is also well suited as a guard dog, because it is considered courageous and self-confident. Especially their characteristic joy in barking makes them valuable in this area.

The tendency to bark precedes the reputation of the Finnish Spitz. This characteristic is important for hunting in the deserted landscape of Finland. In densely populated residential areas in Germany, however, it can quickly become annoying. The Finnish Spitz is therefore more suitable for spacious gardens and rural areas than for narrow city apartments. With strict upbringing from an early age, barking can be reduced to a tolerable level even in this breed.

This training must be consistent, because the Finnish Spitz likes to have its own way. But if you playfully challenge him in his high intelligence, then you can look forward to a loyal partner.
He may be a hunting dog with activity and alertness in its genes. Nevertheless, the Finnish Spitz should not be neglected. He can become very cuddly and needs constant contact with his human pack.

Diet Finnish Spitz

The Finnish Spitz is a breed of hunting dog that is practically constantly on the move. As such, it has high energy requirements. You should also make sure that your dog always gets enough water during and after heavy exercise.
Your Finnish Spitz should only eat small portions before sporting activities. You can, however, enrich these with fats.

You should give your dog high-fat food, even immediately after heavy exercise. This has the advantage that it supplies a lot of energy at once with a relatively small amount. This will not put too much strain on the stomach.
But carbohydrates, vitamins and trace elements such as selenium or calcium should not be neglected either. Of course, one of the most important components for any predator is protein.

This is abundant in every type of meat.
Whether you cover your dog’s nutrient and energy needs with fresh meat or ready-made food depends on many factors. These include tolerance, preference and availability. There is no right or wrong here.
Making your own feed mix is ​​time-consuming, but can be tailored to your dog’s needs.

A ready-to-eat mix already contains all the nutrients a dog needs for a healthy life. Of course you can also vary both as you like.
The best thing you can do is take care of your dog. If he tolerates a food well and he likes it, then you can feed it without hesitation.
After a lot of activity and high-energy food, the Finnish Spitz appreciates a digestive nap.


Regular medical care is essential for every dog. This includes routine veterinary check-ups, vaccinations and deworming.
The coat of the Finnish Spitz is very easy to care for and almost cleans itself. However, it also needs a little attention from you.
As a breed from the far north, the Finnish Spitz is well adapted to the changing seasons.

This is noticeable in the intensive shedding in spring and autumn. At least now you have to support your dog with grooming. Daily brushing is mandatory. Apart from the change of coat, brushing your dog once a week is sufficient.
Claw clippers are especially recommended for older dogs.

Undesirable claw growth can also occur in dogs that move primarily on soft surfaces. Check your dog’s claws regularly. If they get too long, then step in to help.
As a breed that spends a lot of time outdoors, the Finnish Spitz is naturally susceptible to ticks. So get in the habit of checking your dog for ticks during play and cuddle sessions.

Luckily, the Finnish Spitz’s coat is relatively light-colored, making it easy to find ticks. Always take tick tweezers with you on hikes so that you can intervene quickly. When you get home, it’s best to check the fur thoroughly again.
Last but not least, you should also give dental care a high priority. Special chewing bones, dog toothbrushes and regular veterinary checks help to keep your dog’s teeth healthy for a long time.


As the name suggests, the Finnish Spitz originated in the far north of Europe. It is not known exactly when the breed began. However, dogs of this type must have been used for hunting game in Finland for centuries. In addition, they served the population as loyal companion dogs.
The Finnish Spitz proved particularly effective when hunting waterfowl, wood grouse and black grouse.

A characteristic typical of the breed is its willingness to bark. Through this he can show the hunter the game even in treetops. In the vast Finnish landscape, a clearly audible acoustic signal can even become essential for survival.
The first Finnish Spitz breed standard was established in 1892. In the early 20th century, the breed also made its way to Central Europe, the USA and England.

There the Finnish Spitz was no longer used for hunting, but served primarily as a house and family dog.
The Finnish Spitz has been the national dog of Finland since 1979. In Sweden and Finland, the breed is still widespread today. Outside of the Nordic countries, however, it is rarely found.
Especially in Russia, the breed is often referred to as Karelo-Finnish Laika.

It wasn’t until 2006 that both Spitz and Laika were merged and are now considered just one breed.

Finnish Spitz Accessories

Only choose a Finnish Spitz if you lead an active life yourself. As a hunting dog breed, the Finnish Spitz enjoys a lot of exercise. This includes extensive bike tours or daily running training, on which he can accompany you. Even after prolonged exercise, he hardly tires.
At home, the Finnish Spitz also wants to be kept busy.

Provide enough toys that he can use indoors and outdoors. You can support your dog’s pronounced desire to hunt with robust toys that he should fetch. Make sure that it can withstand the claws and sharp teeth a little longer.
Always keep treats on hand to reward your dog for such training.
With repetitions, the Finnish Spitz gets bored quite quickly.

So make sure you have a variety of toys and always new exercises. Agility could become your new hobby. Or maybe your dog likes toys that require them to use their brains to get the reward.
For regular care you need a brush, tick tweezers and claw tweezers.

7.5Expert Score
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