Finnish Lapphund

Description Finnish Lapphund

Bright, courageous, eager to learn
A very special dog comes from the cold region of the Arctic Circle. It is the weatherproof Finnish Lapphund. This emotional breed is actually among the friendliest of all dog breeds. It’s not “small but fine” that applies to him, but: small and splendid! Even his ancestors braved large reindeer. And indeed, courage and empathy are what characterize a Finnish Lapphund to this day.FCI Group: Spitz – Primitive type dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 15-24kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colours: Various

Character Finnish Lapphund

Finnish Lapphunds are immediately recognized as Nordic dogs by connoisseurs . Their lush fur is a good indication of this. They lose a lot of fur . Despite their tendency to shed, they make popular pets .
The Finnish Lapphund is a medium to small sized breed .

They are a good combination of northern looking dog possessing a serious keeper temperament . Additionally, they are often described as intelligent , lively , and agile .
However, her most endearing quality is her kindness . This also rubs off on his appearance. In the face expression of a Finnish Lapphund you can confidently recognize a gentle nature .

His overall appearance also indicates this.
Other characteristics of a Finnish Lapphund include a face that resembles that of a Spitz. Many people find it particularly sweet and cute. Also not to be despised is their great thirst for learning and the ability to learn quickly .
Finnish Lapphunds can typically grow to around 49cm.

Surprisingly, these little dogs are very muscular, sturdy, and strong for their size. But not only that: They are also extremely fast and agile .
Exercise is not a problem for Lapphunds. He can move jagged and nimble.
Because they are submissive and trusting companions, Finnish Lapphunds are very popular.

However, they can be suspicious of strangers. However, they seek community and closeness with their owners. Because Finnish Lapphunds can quickly feel neglected. You need a lot of affection.
Lapphunds have been used for herding reindeer for centuries.

You can still see the result of this in them today: they are very happy to bark. However, this can be kept under control during training. You have excellent perception.

Diet Finnish Lapphund

Make sure your Finnish Lapphund gets a quality dog ​​food . As with any other breed of dog, it should be appropriate for the dog’s age , weight , and activity level. Puppies, adult and senior dogs have different nutritional needs.
It is also important that the dog food contains all the nutrients that the dog needs. Treats are a good help during training.

But make sure that these are free of sugar and grains. Too much snacking can quickly lead to obesity.
Avoid cooked bones . Table scraps should be taboo. Fresh, clean water must always be available to your dog.

His water bowl should be refilled regularly and freshly.
Otherwise, the same conditions apply as for all other dog breeds. The diet should be meat-based and not contain unnecessary additives.


The Finnish Lapphund has a double coat of fur. It has a smooth topcoat over a soft, dense undercoat. Weekly brushing removes dirt and loose hair. Your dog will not only look and feel healthy after brushing.
During the change of coat, it is recommended to brush it daily.

The special thing about Lapphunds is that they hardly smell “like dogs”. Unlike some other dog breeds, they have a milder smell. Therefore, an occasional wash as needed is usually sufficient. For example after playing in the mud.
Finnish Lapphunds should never be shaved! It might sound amazing, but despite the thickness of their fur, they don’t overheat.

Not even at high temperatures. Again, their fur keeps them warm in cold weather.
As with all dog breeds, nails should be trimmed regularly. Too long nails are very painful for the dog. Why? Long claws can cause significant difficulty in walking and running.

The Finnish Lapphund is a healthy breed of dog. Nevertheless, there are one or the other problem area. Lapphunds are prone to hip and joint problems.
Some Finnish Lapphunds have problems with the retina in their eyes . This can even cause vision loss if treated improperly or not at all.

Don’t forget to check your Lapphund ‘s ears for signs of infection. It is also important to brush your pet ‘s teeth .


Their name already suggests it: Lapphunds come from Lapland . Lapland is a region north of the Arctic Circle. It includes parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and even northwestern Russia. This region is named after the Lapp people, also known as the Sami. They have lived in this sparsely inhabited part of the world for several thousand years.

The ancestors of the Finnish Lapphund called this region home. They were mainly used by the Sami to help them hunt reindeer in the vast, barren tundra. Later, when the Sami turned from hunters to nomads, the Lapphund served as a herding dog and herdsman.
Today’s Lapphund is probably descended from the Spitz breed. Researchers have been able to find the first breeds since ancient times.

The Lapphund developed with the Sami.
Over time, dogs became close companions and friends of humans. They even had their own responsibilities to their community. Lapphunds were watchmen . They hunted with their owners and kept the reindeer herds in check.

Since it can be very cold in the north, the thick-coated dogs slept next to the people on the bitterly cold, snowy nights. This explains the sociability that Finnish Lapphunds still have today.
The Finnish Kennel Club wrote the first standards for these dogs. In 1967 its name was changed to Lapphund. In the 1970s the breed and its standards were defined several times, after which the name was redefined back to Finnish Lapphund in 1993 .

Today the breed is mainly used as a domestic dog in Finland.
It was finally recognized as a breed by the FCI in 1955.

Finnish Lapphund Accessories

Since Finnish Lapphunds shed, you definitely need a good brush . Other grooming products that you will need for your dog are special dog toothbrushes . Toothpaste for dogs might also be of interest.
The basic equipment should look like this: food and water bowl, leash and collar or harness, a basket or a dog mat as a retreat, transport box.
Attending a puppy school is recommended for your Finnish Lapphund.

He should never be left alone for long periods of time.
The ancestors of the Finnish Lapphunds were herding dogs. This makes their descendants extremely intelligent animals even today. For example, they are very quick to grasp things. But a strong willpower can also be observed in Lapphunds.

Intelligence toys are recommended for his occupation .
Finnish Lapphunds are quiet dogs that don’t demand a lot of exercise and activity. At least one long walk daily is usually sufficient. This is how the breed stays healthy and happy. In addition, playing together with a ball satisfies activity needs.

6.5Expert Score
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