Epagneul Français

Description Epagneul Français

Balanced, Intelligent, Adaptable
This French hound possesses a truly wonderful personality. Intelligence and eagerness to hunt paired with a strong desire to please his people and his open, loving nature give this four-legged friend the typical characteristics of a Spaniel. Find out here why this relatively unknown fur nose deserves much more attention.FCI Group: Pointers

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 20-27kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-14 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colours: white and brown checked

Character Epagneul Français

The Epagneul Français is an extremely friendly, outgoing dog. He enjoys being around and has a natural will-to-please. This makes him easy to train and a pleasant companion in everyday life. The French spaniel enjoys the company of children and peers, which makes it ideal as a family dog ​​as long as it is busy.
This breed is a pointing dog .

So you work with the hunter and show him where the game is. Their willingness to work combined with their willingness to subordinate themselves make them ideal partners on the hunt. They also have a very fine sense of smell, are not fussy about inclement weather and enjoy retrieving. Many of them also have an innate affinity for water.
While they make wonderful, talented hunting dogs, there’s so much more to know about this four-legged friend.

If this sporty breed gets enough exercise and can regularly use its clever head, it is extremely calm and cuddly at home. This affectionate, sensitive and loving four-legged friend is therefore now valued as much more than just a pleasant partner on the hunt.
The pretty four-legged friend has an elegant, muscular physique . This is a medium-sized breed bordering on large breeds, with a somewhat rectangular shape . The bitches reach a height at the withers of 55 to 59 cm.

The slightly larger males are 56 to 61 cm tall. However, a tolerance of 1 cm down and 2 cm up is specified in the breed standard for both. There is no official weight, but most dogs of this breed are between 20 and 27 kg.
The Epagneul Français has a dense, medium-length coat, which is always white with brown markings . Large slabs and small pits are also permitted.

Only moldy fur is not desired . The brown ranges from cinnamon brown to dark liver . Dogs of this breed are often confused with the Small Munsterlander or the German Longhaired Pointer.
The coat of hair is wavy in many places. The beautiful dog has short, silky fur on its head.

White blazes or head markings are appreciated, but full brown faces are allowed by the breed standard. It is slightly longer on the chest, slightly S-shaped tail and hanging ears. This breed has only brown pigments, which is why the eyes and nose are always brown

Diet Epagneul Français

Like any dog, the French Spaniel requires a diet that is high in meat . As a very active, athletic dog , its body needs the proteins all the more to build and maintain muscle mass. However, dogs are not pure carnivores. Fruit and vegetables are also essential for a balanced diet .
You just have to try whether your furry friend tolerates grain-containing food and watch your darling closely after it has eaten something with grain.

Some dogs have no problem digesting it, others react with an intolerance. However, it is a rumor that grain is generally harmful to dogs and is individual for each four-legged friend.
It is also a good idea to add healthy oils such as fish oil or linseed oil to the food to provide the dog with other important nutrients. Especially if you choose the BARF method for your four-legged friend, you have to be careful that he gets all the nutrients in the right ratio.
This requires some research, but it’s worth it if you actively choose to do it.

BARF is based on the natural diet of wild dogs. Therefore only raw, fresh ingredients are used. This is a better way to ensure that the feed is of good quality. However, it is not easy to barf the dog without mistakes if you have not been dealing with the subject for a long time. It is often helpful to seek advice from a veterinarian.

In general, it is of course also good for the Epagneul Français to divide the daily ration of feed into 2-3 meals . This is an easy way to significantly reduce the risk of torsion. You should also make sure that you subtract the amount of treats per day, which are used a lot during training, from the daily amount of food. This prevents possible obesity.

Grooming

Caring for an Epagneul Français is straightforward but important nonetheless . His medium-length coat should be brushed every 1 to 2 days . This loosens coarse dirt and dead hair and prevents bad knots in the fur. This routine can also be used to check the dog’s body for ticks, burrs and injuries .
In general, every furry friend should get used to being brushed and having their claws, ears, teeth and eyes checked at an early age.

The pretty four-legged friend should only be bathed in the event of stubborn dirt. You should definitely use a high-quality, moisturizing dog shampoo for this. This protects the skin and fur of the four-legged friend.
The claws must also be checked at all times. If these are too long, it is painful when running.

You can either have them trimmed yourself, or have them trimmed at a grooming salon or veterinarian . Some dogs walk so much on hard ground, like asphalt, that additional clipping is unnecessary. With heavier four-legged friends, however, natural wear and tear works better than with small, light dogs.
With their hanging ears, which are also hairy on the inside , the French Spaniel is prone to ear infections . Moisture and bacteria can quickly collect there, leading to inflammation.

For this reason you should check the sweet little ears regularly and clean them with a special cleaning agent .
This beautiful breed belongs to the hunting dogs. That is why daily exercise and mental workload are imperative. Of course, active use as a hunting dog is ideal, but these pretty four-legged friends also prove to be pleasant companions in everyday life with other intensive, daily activities for head and body.

History

There are several theories as to how exactly this breed came about. What is certain, however, is that these dogs already existed in the 16th century at the court of King Ludwig II . There they were mainly used to hunt birds such as pheasants . Up until the 17th century, this beautiful dog was very popular and fairly widespread in France.
The French Revolution caused the Epagneul Français to almost completely disappear.

From the middle of the 19th century, however, some great lovers of the breed began their efforts to spread the French Spaniel again and to ensure the preservation of the breed. The priest and hunter Abbé Fournier was particularly successful and made a fundamental contribution to securing the existence of this beautiful pointing dog.
The first breed standard was established in 1891 . This was revised several times before the official FCI standard was published in 2008. On June 25, 1955 , the Epagneul Français received official recognition from the FCI.

Nevertheless, the four-legged friend is still not widespread in Europe.

Epagneul Français Accessories

First of all, the Epagneul Français needs the same basic equipment as any other furry friend . This includes a leash, collar, harness and bowls. As a sporty hunting dog, he still needs a number of additional accessories. Dumbbells are wonderful training objects to practice fetching with your dog and also to incorporate it in a playful way.
A brush and nail clippers are essential.

Dog toothpaste, toothbrush, ear cleaner and a high-quality dog ​​shampoo are also indispensable for caring for a dog. Dog liability insurance is also very useful. In some federal states this is even mandatory. It protects against many accidents, which, as is well known, can happen unexpectedly quickly. A trusted vet completes the best preparation for all circumstances with your furry friend.

6.9Expert Score
Breed characteristics

There are so many different dog breeds that it can be hard to choose the right one for your family. Each breed has its own unique set of characteristics that may make it a better fit for some families than others. Our expert review system can help you find the perfect dog breed for your home.

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