Epagneul Breton

Description Epagneul Breton

Intelligent, bright, sporty
If his enormous urge to move, his joy of running and his hunting instinct are taken into account, you have a very affectionate dog at your side. You make your companion happiest when he is allowed to roam through forests, meadows and large fields with his master.FCI Group: Pointers

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 15-18kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colours: white-orange, white-black, white-black-orange, white-maroon-orange, white-maroon

Character Epagneul Breton

The Epagneul Breton is the smallest, so-called pointing dog recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale). It has a maximum size of 52 cm and weighs approx. 13 – 15 kg when fully grown. So the Breton is very compact and powerful. However, it exudes a certain elegance.

His lively and alert expression makes him appear full of energy.
Originally, the Epagneul Breton has the color white-chestnut brown. Today, the dog breed comes in white/orange, white/black, tricolor white/black/orange, tricolor white/chestnut/orange, and white/chestnut.
Due to its gentle nature, the little bundle of energy naturally needs a lot of love and affection. When dealing with other animals and people, he is uncomplicated and very compatible, this also applies to children.

However, due to its lively nature, a close encounter with small children can cause excitement. Therefore, you should always be by his side in such situations.
You can keep your Epagneul indoors as long as he has enough space to move around. He also needs regular mental exercise as he is an intelligent working dog. As with other dog breeds, you should not leave him alone for more than 4 hours at a time.

Nevertheless, the Epagneul Breton is not a beginner’s dog. Because his hunting instinct can only be controlled with consistent training. But if you take a lot of time for your darling, you will become an unbeatable team.
B retons are sometimes also used as avalanche search dogs, disaster dogs, drug search dogs or similar. You can almost describe the dog as a perfectionist because he always tries to do his best.

Diet Epagneul Breton

When it comes to nutrition, the Epagneul Breton, like other dog breeds, does not have high demands. It is important that your loved one’s meal contains many important nutrients and that his food tastes good. It is not important to feed this dog a lot of meat. It is even better if the meal consists mostly of vegetables.
If you take him hunting or if he generally has a lot of exercise, the bowl should of course always be well filled.

However, meat should not be left out completely. If things get a bit more leisurely, it’s an advantage to adjust the portion size here too, so that the Breton doesn’t lose its slim figure. A digestive nap is always good for your four-legged friend after a meal.
Of course, you can give your companion treats as a reward – preferably sugar-free. Make sure he sneezes in moderation.

You should also be economical with food leftovers or treats at the table. With dental care snacks or dog bones he has a job and something to chew for a long time.
It is important that your dog always has a bowl of drinking water available. This means that even if you go on a longer trip, you should take water and preferably a small bowl or dish with you.


Grooming your little friend is relatively easy. Nevertheless, you should not neglect the care. After long walks in the woods or in tall grass, you should definitely comb the fur.
If small twigs or thorns get caught, it can make your loved one uncomfortable and take a lot of work to comb out any tangles. Daily combing is beneficial and makes the hair even more beautiful, but it is not essential.

If it gets really dirty, it’s no problem to put your four-legged friend in the shower. Epagneul Bretons are very fond of water. It is best to use a dog shampoo without perfume or fragrances for this.
However, the dog bath should only be done when your dog is really dirty, because we don’t want to put too much strain on the skin and coat. Regular ear cleaning is also important.

Here, too, care and control apply, especially after long walks.
When grooming your dog, you can also check it for parasites such as ticks.


The Epagneul Breton comes from a western region in France, the heart of Brittany. The then so-called chicken dog used to serve as a helper in hunting birds.
First records go back to 200 AD. A book entitled “Kynogetika” already reports on hunting with the “bird dog” as a companion. You can even find the little red and white dog on paintings and embroidery from the Middle Ages.

At that time, many dogs were given to boarding kennels. There was probably a mating between an English Setter bitch and an Epagneul Breton male.
An estate manager was so enthusiastic about this litter that he decided to continue breeding her. He even named a bitch as his foundation dog and took her to a dog show in Paris, where everyone showed enthusiasm for the breed. In 1907 the “Club L’Epagneul Breton à queue courte naturelle” was founded by the same estate manager.

France, the country of origin of the Epagneul Breton, also created its own breed standard for him in 1907.

Epagneul Breton Accessories

As already mentioned, the Epagneul Breton is a real bundle of energy. So he needs a lot of work. Whether out for a walk or at home, you can use any dog ​​toy to please your companion.
He’s a real pro at tracking down. For example, you can train his sense of smell by hiding a small bag of treats and letting him look for them.

Of course you can do this outside and in the apartment.
Otherwise you can throw balls, sticks and other toys and have him bring them to you. The more exercise he has, the better. Basically, you can use any toy that is available from a pet supply store or pet supply website.
Since this breed is considered a small all-rounder, they also do well in a variety of dog sports.

These include, for example, obedience or agility.
In these dog sports you master a parkour with your companion and give him precise instructions when he has to do what. Of course, this takes a lot of time, patience and training. But the Breton definitely has enough stamina for such a sport.

7.3Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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