English Cocker Spaniel

Description English Cocker Spaniel

Friendly, Loyal, Playful
The English Cocker Spaniel is an intelligent, cheerful and graceful contemporary. His lovable, top-notch manner will inspire you immediately. The little bundle of energy impresses with its open-minded, friendly and loyal nature. The animal is a hunting dog with a pronounced urge to move. Holders should definitely meet this need.FCI Group: Retrievers – Search Dogs – Water Dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 12-15kg
  • Life expectancy: 10-14 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colors: brown, black, red, white, tricolor

Character English Cocker Spaniel

Characteristic of dogs of the breed is their compact and harmonious physique. The English Cocker Spaniel has a height at the withers of 38 to 41 cm. A healthy animal weighs between 12 and 15 kg. The average life expectancy of the dog is 14 years.
A smooth, silky and matt-shiny coat proves the good health condition.

In addition, a balanced physique proves the health of the English Cocker Spaniel. Low-set, relatively long hanging ears characterize the appearance of the dog breed.
The English Cocker Spaniel is assigned to the FCI 8 classification. This classifies the animal as a rummaging, retrieving and water dog. The cocker’s high need for activity requires a lot of time.

The care of the animal is very complex and takes a lot of time. The education of the dog goes hand in hand with an average education effort.
The English Cocker Spaniel comes in a variety of colors. According to the breed definition, monocolored animals may have white coloring on the chest. The lovable four-legged friend needs daily varied activities to stay healthy.

Take long walks through nature with your Cocker every day. Encourage your darling with special exercises. These measures increase the mental and physical health of the dog. Daily exercise is a must to keep your pet healthy
If you don’t keep your animal busy enough, the cocker will react stubbornly. If he doesn’t like something in particular, he makes this clear through stubborn behavior.

Fill out your position as a dog owner conscientiously and consistently. Give your loved one enough opportunities to exercise mentally and physically every day. The natural urge to be busy and exercise must be lived out.
You should exercise your dog for one to two hours a day. Your Cocker loves long rambles through nature, swimming and fetch exercises.

You can take your trusty companion with you for jogging or cycling. The little bundle of energy is grateful for any outdoor activity.
Since animals of the breed are relatively gluttonous dogs, they tend to gain weight. Counteract this development and prevent obesity in your four-legged friend. A high body fat percentage endangers the health of the cocker.

Poor diet can cause diabetes and cardiovascular disease in dogs. Too little exercise also promotes the development of such clinical pictures.
Consistent action on your part has absolute priority in education. English Cocker Spaniels are generally classified as above-average eager to learn. However, a half-hearted and inconsistent upbringing style promotes the stubbornness of the animals.

In your position as a dog owner, you should act consistently and follow rules. Your consistent behavior underscores your position as a dog owner. Your animal learns to take you seriously and to respond to your instructions. English Cocker Spaniels often develop diseases of the inner ear. Animals of this dog breed also often suffer from a genetic kidney disease.

Diet English Cocker Spaniel

A high-quality diet lays the foundation for a healthy dog ​​life. Basically, many foods are toxic to dogs. You should never feed your cocker lightly.
Human food is not suitable for animal consumption. Your animal reacts to inappropriate foods with gastrointestinal problems or symptoms of poisoning.

In extreme cases, special foods trigger life-threatening complications with fatal consequences.
Never feed raw pork. This can carry the Aujestzky virus, which is deadly for dogs. Specific avocado varieties are rich in the chemical compound persin. This substance destroys the heart muscle of the animal.

Chocolate and onions are also poison for dogs. The ingredients of the onion damage the blood cells of the four-legged friend. Consuming chocolate triggers symptoms of poisoning in your dog. Gastrointestinal complaints, muscle tremors and seizures are signs of such poisoning.
If you want to spoil your cocker, feed only quality food.

Also give selected dog snacks. These treats expand the nutritional offer of your four-legged friend.
Consider certain factors to give your dog the best nutrition.
Your four-legged friend stays healthy and happy if he receives high-quality food. Its health condition depends on its diet.

First-class fresh meat and high-quality dry or wet food are sufficient to perfectly nourish your adult animal.
When choosing ready-made food, you should pay attention to quality. The feed must not contain any chemical additives, colourings, flavorings or preservatives or artificial sugars. Selected bones in premium quality serve as a treat and for dental care.
The age of your animal is decisive for its nutrition.

A Cocker puppy should be given primarily mother’s milk as their primary source of nutrition. If the puppy is older than three months, you can supplement the diet with first-class wet food. Make sure that the wet food has a high protein content. The high protein content guarantees easy digestibility.
The English Cocker Spaniel is one of the medium-sized dog breeds.

Provide puppies with puppy food rich in vitamins and minerals. The feed should contain beta-carotene, vitamin E and antioxidants.
To strengthen the immune system, your cocker should consume omega-3 fatty acids on a regular basis. These have an anti-inflammatory effect and stop the body’s own inflammatory reactions. In addition, the polyunsaturated fats promote healthy fur.

A regular supply of omega-3 fatty acids ensures vital fur.
Feed your dog once a day. Administer the food within an identical time window to establish solid structures.
Pregnant and lactating animals need food several times a day. The feed serves to compensate for the bitches’ increased energy requirements.

At the same time, the food stimulates the milk production of the suckling dogs. Remove the bowl after 30 minutes, regardless of whether your animal has eaten or not. By doing this, you train your dog to eat quickly.


Your animal requires extensive care. Ideally, you should brush your four-legged friend’s fur every day. At the same time, examine your animal for a possible tick and parasite infestation. After each walk, remove foreign objects from the fur coat. Brush out sticks and plant debris and remove bugs.

Regularly trim the hair on your dog’s ear canals and paws. Thoroughly check the condition of the ears and ear canal. Clean these areas of the body at least once a week. Avoid using cotton swabs to clean the sensitive ear canal. Only use a special rinsing solution for this purpose.

If your dog’s coat is excessively soiled, use a medicated dog bath. This gently frees the animal from its dirt. The fur together with the subcutaneous tissue serves as a natural protective barrier. It protects the cocker from moisture, dirt and pathogens. Don’t destroy this natural protective coat with excessive washing or bathing.

In principle, the rule of thumb applies in this context; “as often as necessary and in as much dose as possible”. You should brush out smaller dirt. Alternatively, the fur can be cleaned with a mild dog dry shampoo.
In addition, concentrate on the species-appropriate oral and dental care of your cocker. Brush your pet’s teeth at regular intervals.

Veterinarians recommend brushing your dog’s teeth every other day. Do not use classic toothpaste or toothbrushes for this purpose. Do not use any products that humans use for your dog’s oral hygiene. Find out about suitable products from your trusted veterinarian.
Offer your dog bones, chewing bones for dental care, and special dental care toys for oral hygiene.

By taking these measures, you promote the oral health of the dog. You can use dental care chew strips for improved dental hygiene. Such products are available from the veterinarian. Ask specifically about it on your next visit.
In this way you prevent the development of caries, paradentosis and inflammation in the mouth.

Such diseases fuel inflammatory reactions throughout the dog’s body.


Since the calendar year 1892, the dog breed has been recognized as a separate species. The English Kennel Club included the species in its classification of dog breeds. Historical records show that dogs of this breed were used as hunting dogs as early as the 14th century.
Until the Second World War, the dog was mainly used as a search dog. After the end of the war, the English Cocker Spaniel became a popular family and companion dog.

The English Cocker Spaniel is a descendant of the medieval scavenger dog. The British originally used this dog to track down woodcocks. Since 1892 the English Cocker Spaniel has been distinguished from the other Spaniel breeds.
There are currently two lines of the dog breed. Animals of one line are bred as hunting dogs.

The other breed strives for perfect aesthetics of the dogs. Both breeding lines show differences in their respective body shape and stature.

English Cocker Spaniel Accessories

For activation and occupation, buy occupation, intelligence and water toys. Balls, frisbees, food mazes and dental care accessories should complement your equipment.
Dog snacks, dental care chews and ear cleaning solution are staples of your kit. Combs, brushes and medicated dog baths are also important accessories.
A tick removal kit should be part of your standard kit.

A kit like this is important because removing ticks will reduce your dog’s risk of infection. Treat your darling exclusively with medical preparations for dog care.
Products intended for humans are harmful to the health of your four-legged friend.

6.8Expert Score
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