Dogue De Bordeaux

Description Dogue De Bordeaux

Gentle, Serene, Balanced
The Dogue de Bordeaux (Bordeaux Mastiff) is an ancient breed of dog from France. It is a breed recognized by the FCI and is included in Group 2, Section 2. This gentle, easy-going, and even-tempered dog is always loyal to his family. His calm demeanor makes him a good playmate for children.FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs

  • Size: Large
  • Weight: 45-50kg
  • Life expectancy: 5-10 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colours: Auburn, Mahogany, Isabella

Character Dogue De Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux has a strong build. The broad head matches the stocky body. Other features include deep skin folds and triangular lop ears. The short nose completes the picture. The Dogue de Bordeaux has a semi-long and slightly curved tail.

The fur is short and smooth. Most of the time, the soft fur is unicolored. The reddish-brown coat color can vary between mahogany and isabella. White patches on the chest and paw area are recognized by the breed standard. Some specimens have a brown or black mask.

The males have a height at the withers of between 60 and 68 cm and a body weight of at least 50 kg. The bitches are a bit smaller. Their height at the withers is between 58 and 66 cm and they should have a minimum weight of 45 kg. The physique is compact. There is a minimal difference between body length and height at the withers.

The whole appearance of the Dogue de Bordeaux commands a certain amount of respect. His nature is exactly the opposite. This sensitive dog is cuddly and gentle. Nothing can faze him that easily. Even noisy children are accepted with stoic calm.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is intelligent. Educable with a certain consequence. The congenital stubbornness sometimes prevents the immediate execution of commands. Eventually they will be executed. This breed is easy to handle with love and consistent behavior.

Protecting and guarding the innate qualities are not a problem. Young and boisterous, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a fast learner. She learns to regulate her strength and her protective instincts. In this imprinting phase, it is easy to get used to other pets.
Dogue de Bordeaux is wary of strangers.

She decides when this “foreigner” will be accepted. She remains completely sovereign. She is neither aggressive nor fearful.
The behavior of the Dogue de Bordeaux is not boring. She is a reliable partner for your family.

Sometimes adult dogs can “freak out”. That means they just start running. They spin in circles and roll in the grass. Then they come back, beaming with joy and panting heavily. Master or mistress should cuddle him.

Representatives of this dog breed are not sports cannons. Walks in the countryside and short bike rides are fun. Obedience and dog dancing are suitable dog sports, but for fun and not for trophies.
The Dogue de Bordeaux is listed as a dog in some countries. The official hurdles can be mastered thanks to their positive qualities and strong nerves.

The Bordeaux mastiff needs family connection. Keeping this sensitive dog in a kennel is not suitable.

Diet Dogue De Bordeaux

Diet is very important for the Dogue de Bordeaux breed. You should already pay attention to this when you are a puppy. A high-quality lining supports joint and cartilage formation. A balanced diet is essential for this massive dog.
Under no circumstances should he have too many kilos on his ribs.

The standard weight is already enough strain on the joints. He’s not a top athlete. He doesn’t burn enough calories. As the owner, you have to be careful.
Dog training includes treats.

Use “healthy” treats that are low in calories. The “training feed” and the “reward feed” must be included in the daily feed ration. The weight increases quickly, even if it’s just a few “treats” a week.
Divide the feed ration twice (morning and evening). When deciding on a suitable ready-made food, pay attention to the ingredients.

The feed should contain little protein. This means that the crude protein content must be less than 26% of the feed mass.
A finished feed should contain as few preservatives and additives as possible, as well as sugar. Comparing different dog foods is useful.
BARF is a good alternative for a dog breed with weight problems.

This complete food is made with cooked or raw meat. There are different types of meat. You can combine these with vegetables, flakes and minerals. This feeding method is more time consuming.
You can alternate between ready-made food and meat feeding.

Time is usually short in the morning. Here the ready-made food (dry or wet) is a good solution. In the evening, meat (raw or cooked) with vegetables is the varied option.


In general, the care of the Dogue de Bordeaux is not complex. The short, soft fur is sufficiently cared for with regular brushing. Controlling the claws is no more complex than with other dog breeds.
The pronounced skin folds can be more of a problem. You should check this area regularly.

Quick help with small skin irritations or inflammations can minimize the problem.
This breed is more prone to eye diseases. This mainly applies to the eyelids. Drooping eyelids (ectropion) and rolled-in eyelids (entropion) are possible.
The Dogue de Bordeaux is less able to tolerate physical exertion and extreme heat.

The reason is the short nose. Anesthesia can also cause problems.
A Dogue de Bordeaux drools. The drool is less on the dog than on its surroundings. This is where your tolerance as a dog owner comes into play.

Many large and heavy dogs have joint problems. The Dogue de Bordeaux is no exception. Hip dysplasia (HD), elbow dysplasia and calcification of the spine (spondylosis) can occur.
You can counteract the susceptibility to joint problems. The Bordeaux Mastiff should not climb stairs in puppies and young dogs.

A ground-level home with a garden is good for the adult animals. If you live in an apartment, there should definitely be an elevator in the building.
In the growth phase and in adult life, the joints should not be overstrained. No obesity, no jumping exercises and no climbing stairs are important. This will help your Dogue de Bordeaux.

The risk of the dreaded torsion of the stomach can be reduced. The division of the feed ration into at least two portions. No “sporting” activities after eating.
Unfortunately, life expectancy is generally not high. The information in the various sources varies.

They vary between 5 and 10 years of life expectancy. Accidents are also included in the statistics.


The Dogue de Bordeaux belongs to the Molosser group. The ancestors of this dog breed were mentioned as early as the 14th century. The “Alaner” and the “Saupacker” were hunting dogs. They were used in France for hunting wild boar and other large game.
During the French Revolution (1789) these dogs were almost wiped out.

The French nobility used the Dogue de Bordeaux as a hunting dog. This circumstance almost became her undoing.
The first dog show was in Paris in 1863. The Bordeaux mastiff was shown for the first time in the Jardin d’Acclimatation. The dog breed was introduced under its name.

This breed got its name from the French city of Bordeaux. According to tradition, this dog breed is said to have been particularly popular with the local butchers.
In 1883 the male “Bataille” was awarded in Paris. The breed standard of the Dogue de Bordeaux was different then. They were wrinkle free, lighter and smaller.

In addition, the breeding standard did not require monocolor. The winning male had a black mask.
Pierre Megnin fixed the breed standard in 1896 in the book “Vomwesen der Waren Mastiffs”.
During the two world wars, the population of the Dogue de Bordeaux fell sharply. She was on the verge of extinction.

The German Bordeaux Doggen Club (founded in 1908) tried to revive the breed from 1947 onwards. In the 1960s, popularity increased again.
The FCI breed standard was published in 1971. Raymond Triquet and Maurice Luquet established the criteria. That was the basis for today’s Standard #116.

Dogue De Bordeaux Accessories

The basic equipment for the dog accessories includes a collar or harness. The matching dog leash is a matter of course. Luminous collars should be bought for the dark season.
A Dogue de Bordeaux should not be on the couch. There are suitable dog baskets with dog mattresses for lying and sleeping.

Or would you rather have a dog bed without a border? There are numerous variants for indoors and outdoors.
Suitable dog bowls for food and water are available in different designs. You can choose between the floor or stand version.
Sporty accessories are less suitable for a Dogue de Bordeaux. But there are still many ways to keep this intelligent dog busy.

The manufacturers of dog accessories have numerous intelligence games on offer.

4.8Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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