Dalmatian

Description Dalmatian

Friendly, brave, lively
The Dalmatian is a Croatian breed of dog. Dalmatians are scent hounds and have a very friendly nature. They are very popular as family dogs, especially because of their lively nature. They have also achieved great fame in film and television.FCI Group: Hounds – Scenthounds – Related Breeds

  • Size: Large
  • Weight: 20-30kg
  • Life expectancy: 11 – 13 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colors: Pure white with black or liver spots

Character Dalmatian

The Dalmatian reaches a height of 54 to 62 cm and a weight of 20 to 30 kg. Females are generally slightly smaller than males. The life expectancy of a Dalmatian is between 11 and 13 years.
The proportions are good. The Dalmatian is best known for its spotted fur.

The basic color is white with black dots or white with brown dots. He gets this special coat color from his special piebald gene.
He is strong and slim at the same time. His head shape is narrow and elegant. He has lop ears that lie close to his head.

The eye color is dark brown. On the other hand, if the fur is brown, the eyes are amber brown. He also has a long tail.
Its fur is short, smooth and shiny. The spots have a clear demarcation.

What is special is that the puppies are born with white fur. The spots appear after 10-14 days. If spots are already visible at birth, the animals are excluded from breeding. Even blue-eyed dogs are not allowed to move any further. They tend to be deaf.

The problem of deafness occurs in about 4% of newborn Dalmatians. For this reason, the breeder always carries out a so-called audiometric examination. Other possible diseases of the Dalmatian are urinary grittiness and allergies .
Dalmatians are very adaptable and sensitive. They need a lot of affection and love to be cuddled.

You should therefore pay attention to a loving upbringing. Dalmatians need lots of exercise. If they don’t get this, you can develop behavioral problems. He needs at least two hours of exercise every day.
You should also keep him busy with games, fetching and other activities.

Dalmatians also make good guard dogs . He is persistent and very attentive. He is also easy to inspire and very eager to learn. Sometimes he tends to be stubborn. He shouldn’t be raised too harshly.

Dalmatians also have a certain hunting instinct. However, the dog should not be used as a hunting dog.
The Dalmatian is an absolute family dog . He is very adaptable and needs lively company. He bonds closely to family members and is very fond of children.

He reports visitors reliably. However, he is not aggressive or belligerent.

Diet Dalmatian

When feeding the Dalmatian, you should take into account the dog’s special metabolism. The purine breakdown in the body of the Dalmatian is subject to a special feature. The body excretes uric acid instead of allantoin. This can lead to the formation of stones due to a genetic defect. Uric acid levels can rise sharply.

For this reason, you should feed a diet that is as low in purines as possible.
The protein content should also be as low as possible . Care should be taken, especially with ready-made food. This often contains many chemical preservatives and glutamates. The protein content in the feed should be a maximum of 20%.

You should also pay attention to a low phosphate content. Phosphate can cause kidney damage. It also makes sense to add a spoonful of cold-pressed oil to each meal.
Fruit can also be part of the diet. Apples, pineapples or bananas are particularly suitable for this.

Quark with honey is also a good alternative to ready-made food.
You can also add rice, pasta, potatoes or corn flakes to the feed. These ingredients provide the necessary energy. You can also add goose or pork lard as a high-fat ingredient.
Lettuce and vegetables are also an optimal supplement to provide the dog with the necessary nutrients and to integrate roughage.

You should also feed 100 – 150 g of meat per meal. It is best to use boiled chicken, lamb or turkey here. Beef tripe is also very suitable.
As a puppy, the Dalmatian needs even larger amounts of food throughout the day, as it is still growing. As you grow older, you should reduce the amounts.

An adult Dalmatian then usually only needs two meals a day.
You should also make sure that a bowl of fresh water is always available. So the dog can help itself if necessary.

Grooming

The Dalmatian has a short, shiny coat. You should brush this well about twice a week. It is best to use a soft brush for this. Alternatively, a glove with rubber knobs is also suitable. This also stimulates blood circulation.

Brushing removes dead hairs and dirt.
You also need to check their eyes and ears regularly. It is best to clean your eyes in the morning with a damp cloth. For ear care, you also take a cloth and always wipe outwards through the auricle.
Dog’s teeth also need regular cleaning.

You can either use a dog toothbrush with the appropriate dog toothpaste for this. But chewing bones are also suitable for cleaning teeth and removing tartar.
Paws should be cleaned to remove debris and checked for tears. To keep the pads nice and supple, you should grease them from time to time. The claws must also be trimmed if necessary.

This is especially true if the dog does not walk much on solid ground. Claws that are too long can be painful and lead to poor posture.
From time to time it is advisable to bathe the Dalmatian with a mild dog shampoo. This is especially true if the dog has rolled in feces or other things. Otherwise, your sense of smell will decide when the dog needs a bath.

However, this should not happen too often, otherwise the protective acid layer of the skin will suffer.

History

It is believed that the origin of its name probably goes back to the coastal region of Dalmatia in Croatia . But he was also sighted among the pharaohs. His journey then went from India to Egypt and Greece and then on to England and France.
The tombstone of the 11th Dynasty pharaoh Antef already showed an image of a spotted dog, which looks extremely similar to the Dalmatian. But this goes back to around 2,000 BC.

In many other regions, references to the existence of the Dalmatian can be found again and again. So also in Kosovo, the island of Losinj, or Italy.
Here the zoologist Ulisse Aldrovandi describes the breed “ Canis Sagax Vulco Brachus ”. He mentions the origin of Dalmatia. Throughout history, the Dalmatian has been referred to as a Hound.

In 1792 the so-called “CoachDog” was described, which is actually a Dalmatian. And so it continued towards the end of the 19th century in Vienna. Here, too, we are talking about a Bengal Hound or a Dalmatian chicken dog.
In the Victorian era, he was particularly well known as a carriage dog. In the 19th century he accompanied fire engines as a live siren .

He became the mascot of the New York Fire Department. He also protected people and animals from robbers and wild animals.
The Greyhound, the Great Dane, the Bengal Hound and the English Pointer are traded as ancestors. Breeding took place particularly in France and England – above all for the nobility.
Breed standards were first established in 1882 by Vero Shaw.

In 1890 the breed standard was officially declared. At that time, the Dalmatian became more and more popular in Germany.
In 1920 the “German Dalmatian Club” was founded near Karlsruhe. The “British Dalmatian Club” was founded in England. Statesmen like George Washington also kept a Dalmatian.

In 1905 the Dalmatian Club of America was founded.
With the appearance of the Disney film “101 Dalmatians” the breed finally had its big breakthrough. The demand for Dalmatians increased immeasurably.

Dalmatian Accessories

The accessories for a dog are extensive. First of all, there should be a collar and a leash underneath . A flea collar can also be useful to protect the animal from annoying fleas.
The dog also needs its own feeding station . To do this, set up a feeding bowl and a drinking bowl.

Both should be as non-slip as possible.
In order for the Dalmatian to have a retreat and a place to sleep, it needs its own basket. It is best to put a soft blanket in it so that it can build its “nest”.
To keep him busy, you should get a variety of toys . Balls or ropes are suitable for this.

Squeaky animals or frisbees are also fun.
For grooming the dog, you should get a brush , dog shampoo , a toothbrush , and dog toothpaste . Claw pliers , tweezers and a flea comb should also not be missing. The tweezers are particularly important so that you can react directly to a tick infestation.
Also, stock up on dog treats .

With this you spoil your dog and reward him when he has been good or has done something particularly well. This helps with education.

7.6Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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