Central Asian Ovcharka

Description Central Asian Ovcharka

Proud, Independent, Fearless
The Central Asian Owcharka – also known as the Central Asian Shepherd Dog – is a challenge that not everyone is up to. Keeping this dog is only possible with a lot of dog experience, time and patience. The Central Asian Ovcharka needs a lot of space and exercise. Fixed reference persons are important for the upbringing.FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs

  • Size: Large
  • Weight: 40-50kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colors: White, black, brindle, auburn, gray with white markings

Character Central Asian Ovcharka

A Central Asian Ovcharka looks imposing due to its size and physique. The dogs come from the Central Asian regions and were kept here as working animals. Due to the large distribution area, the dogs often differ in appearance. The nature of the different types can also vary.
The Central Asian Ovcharka from desert regions is lighter than the representatives from the mountainous regions.

He has a leaner, longer-legged body. He also has a rather rectangular body shape. Dogs from mountain regions, on the other hand, tend to be bulky, with a broad physique and a stocky body shape. However, the transitions between the different types are fluid.
All Central Asian Ovcharka are tall and muscular .

The breed standard only prescribes a minimum height. It should not be less than 70 cm for males and not less than 65 cm for females. In general, the sexes of the Central Asian Ovcharka are very different. The bitches are much narrower than the males.
Due to the different regional characteristics, there are dogs with medium-length and short hair.

Due to their origin, however, all dogs have a very dense undercoat that protects them from the cold, rain and snow. Coat colors are varied, from black to grey, straw and fox to white. The colors appear piebald, spotted and mackerel.
Many of the dogs stand out due to the formation of wrinkles and “slack” skin. The thick skin sometimes folds in the neck, which gives the Molosser its special appearance.

Originally, the ears of the Central Asian Ovcharka were cropped.
However, this practice is no longer permitted in Germany, since the animals are often operated on without anesthesia. You should also stop supporting this practice with dogs from abroad, as it encourages breeders to continue docking their dogs. An exception are of course dogs from animal welfare.
The Central Asian Ovcharka should only be led by very experienced dog owners.

Training the sometimes stubborn dog is time-consuming and must be done with great consistency. Because dogs are very strong, they are physically superior to most humans. This can be problematic as the dogs can often react suspiciously and sometimes even aggressively.
Bred for defense against large animals, the dogs are very courageous. Without much warning, even seemingly calm dogs will attack when threatened.

Dealing with the Central Asian Ovcharka requires a loving consistency and a strong self-confidence.
The active animals need daily exercise and appropriate employment . But he is unsuitable for dog sports. The best job for this breed is guarding flocks. The dog can live out its urge to move as well as its instinct to be awake.

In general, though, the breed is known for its easygoing nature. However, his reaction to threats can be very violent. If a Central Asian Ovcharka is not raised consistently from the start, it can become aggressive towards people and animals. In general, the dogs are not very compatible with other dogs.
The Central Asian Ovcharka should not be kept in a small apartment.

The dog is also not suitable for kennel keeping. As a family dog, he is only suitable to a limited extent. In the family, too, he needs sufficient employment and a loving upbringing. Then the Central Asian Ovcharka can be a good family dog.
Many dogs form a close bond with their humans.

But it is important that he has daily contact with his owner. An isolated attitude encourages aggression. The best condition for keeping is the use as a shepherd and guard dog. This is where the dog can use its skills.

Diet Central Asian Ovcharka

The Central Asian Ovcharka is a hardy breed of dog. She makes few demands on the feed. In their regions of origin, the dogs are rather sparsely fed. Therefore, the adult dogs need rather little food.
When it comes to feeding large dogs, there are a few particularities that should be taken into account.

A balanced diet is particularly important during youth. During growth, the dog needs sufficient nutrients. At the same time, the large dog only needs a small amount of protein in the first year.
Feeding that is too nutritious can cause your Central Asian Ovcharka to grow too quickly. The rapid growth and weight gain can cause long-term damage.

Special dog food for puppies and young dogs of large breeds is adapted to the needs of these growing animals. Young dogs should be given a low-protein food. Feeding should be divided into several portions per day.
Even in adulthood, it makes sense to feed them special dog food for large breeds. The large pellets are better, especially when feeding with dry food.

This prevents the feed from gulping down . In addition, the food for adult large dog breeds contains less energy. So the dog can eat until it is full.
Another problem of the Central Asian Ovcharka and similar dog breeds is stomach torsion . To prevent life-threatening gastric torsion, the dog should rest after feeding.

In addition, the adult dog should be fed twice a day. Smaller portions pose a lower risk of gastric torsion.
Consistent training is also important when it comes to feeding the Central Asian Ovcharka. The dogs should be able to eat undisturbed. Table feeding is unhealthy and encourages begging.


The large dog breed requires little grooming. Even the long-haired members of the breed do not need to be brushed often.
Get your dog used to the brush from an early age. This way you can regularly remove falling undercoat and dust. As a result, your dog will shed less indoors.

The Central Asian Ovcharka goes out in any weather. Therefore, he will certainly bring dirt into the house more often. You should be aware of this before you buy it.
When keeping the Central Asian Ovcharka, you should make sure that the dog’s joints are protected. Unsuitable nutrition and unfavorable movement sequences can promote joint diseases.

This includes, for example, hip dysplasia (HD), which is also hereditary.
Your young Central Asian Ovcharka should not exercise too much. Especially jumping and climbing stairs should be the exception. Instead, the dog should exercise on long walks . “Head work” through exercises and quiet play ensure that your dog is balanced.

The Central Asian Ovcharka needs frequent exercise. A secured area is best suited for this. Your dog should have the opportunity to meet people and animals from an early age. Good socialization is the basis for a balanced dog.


The origin of the expressive dog breed lies in the entire Central Asian region. Different types have developed in the different regions through breeding and natural requirements.
One of the last pastoralist cultures is located in Central Asia to this day. Shepherds from the region around the Oxus River had kept large guard dogs as early as 8,000 to 10,000 years ago. They even protect livestock and people from large wild animals such as bears and wolves.

The Central Asian Ovcharka is related to the Kangal and the Tibetan Mastiff. Overall, however, this group is probably also an ancestor of the European mountain dogs.
The dog breed was bred as a herding dog. He protects the flock from wild animals. The courageous dog is also used as a guard dog , scaring off strangers simply because of its size.

In the past, to avoid injuries, the dogs’ ears were cropped. It’s forbidden in Europe, and beyond that it’s not necessary.
So far there are hardly any Central Asian Ovcharkas in Germany. Most breeders are still in Russia.
The breed was finally recognized by the FCI in 1989.

Central Asian Ovcharka Accessories

The Central Asian Ovcharka is a very strong dog. You should get the puppy used to the leash consistently. The adult dog must walk safely on a leash, otherwise a walk would be almost impossible. A well- fitting collar and a stable leash are therefore essential.
The Central Asian Ovcharka is a dog that likes to live with family members.

He should be given a quiet place to sleep in the house where he can keep an eye on the family.
Since the Central Asian Ovcharka is a very stubborn dog, children in particular should not be able to disturb it while it is resting. If in doubt, use a child gate to ensure that the dog is not disturbed by your children.
Like any dog, your Central Asian Ovcharka needs a food bowl . He also needs a large water bowl .

The water should always be freely accessible and clean.
If your dog tends to gorge quickly , offering larger pieces of food may help. Anti-loop bowls are also useful. These are designed in such a way that the pieces of food fall into cracks. As a result, the dog can only eat its ration piecemeal.

Eating slowly minimizes the risk of stomach torsion.

6Expert Score
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