Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Description Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Kind, Gentle, Open-hearted
This small breed dog is indeed a royal cavalier. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel adapts quickly to the demands of its owner. The cheerful and well-balanced four-legged friend is a likeable companion for families and singles.FCI group: Companion dogs

  • Size: Small
  • Weight: 5-8kg
  • Life expectancy: 10-15 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colors: white with red, red, black with tan, tricolor

Character Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is very fond of children. With his balanced and friendly nature, he likes to take part in people’s lives. These are the best prerequisites for the ideal family dog.
The little four-legged friend is an uncomplicated and reliable partner in everyday life. His cheerful temperament is contagious.

But he also wants to be cuddled. With these quite pleasant character traits, he easily sneaks into almost all hearts.
Single people can also benefit from the nature of this small dog. He appears to be a level-headed and good-humoured companion. With him as a partner you can always find a pleasant occupation.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel regularly provides a reason to get outside and meet people. He usually shows himself from his best side.
When it comes to choosing the right company, the royal spaniel is quite undemanding. It easily adapts to all circumstances. This four-legged friend loves young and old alike.

Even a new dog owner with no experience gets along very well with him.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel behaves like royalty among its own kind. He always sniffs his fellows in a friendly manner. He also warms up quickly to other friendly animal species.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel belongs to the group of small dog breeds.

It reaches a maximum instep height of 35 cm. On average, he weighs 8 kg. A special feature are the very long hanging ears. Life expectancy is 10 to 15 years.
The coat of this royal breed is very long.

It feels silky and smooth. Sometimes there are also slight waves in the fur. The hair is particularly pronounced on the tail, paws and ears. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is very different in terms of coat color. His fur can be just one color.

But it can also be two- or three-colored. Black, brown and white are the typical colors of this spaniel.

Diet Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel needs about 250g of food per day. This consists of lean meat, vegetables and carbohydrates. Rice or potatoes are ideal sources of carbohydrates. The meat content may be slightly higher at around 100 g. The rest is divided between vegetables and rice or potatoes.

When it comes to meals, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel behaves just like any other dog. Freshly cooked food offers a change from high-quality dry food. It is advisable to add vitamins and minerals to a home-cooked meal. These make the coat shine and keep it healthy.
When choosing the food bowl, consider the long ears of the little four-legged friend.

With a deep and narrow bowl, the ears do not hang so easily in the lining.
As with any other dog, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel should be regularly weight checked. A weight of 5.5 kg to max. 8 kg is normal and harmless. Above all, unhealthy snacks and begged appetizers are fattening foods.

With too much weight, your little royal pedigree dog quickly loses its zest for life. At the same time, he becomes more susceptible to diseases. The lifespan of the four-legged friend can be shortened. Clear rules when feeding help all family members to behave properly.


With a care effort of ten minutes a day, the little four-legged friend is always clean and the coat always looks freshly combed. Care includes coat, teeth, eyes, ears and a regular health check. The puppy does not yet have a distinctive coat. With daily care units, you can get him used to the ritual that will be necessary later.
The hair is particularly long behind the ears and on the legs.

Daily combing and brushing prevents the coat from becoming matted. Here you start with the care. Then the whole body can be brushed.
You should only bathe the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel if it cannot be avoided. The dog shampoo is first massaged extensively into the wet fur and then rinsed out well.

Then the well-dried hair is combed and brushed.
Puppies should not be bathed for the first six months, adult dogs at most every three months. You can wash off dirty spots and dirty paws with a cloth and lukewarm water.
A balanced diet keeps teeth healthy. Young dogs still have very soft teeth and are not allowed to bite hard things.

Healthy dog ​​treats with a hard consistency are only beneficial when the dog is changing teeth. The milk teeth fall out faster and the new teeth have enough space.
With the second teeth, the four-legged friend can be regularly spoiled with a dog biscuit or chewing bone. The hard substance removes deposits from the teeth and protects against tartar. In addition, teeth are brushed once a week.

With hanging ears, regular cleaning of the inner ear is particularly important. Earwax and dirt can otherwise cause painful ear infections. The best way to remove encrustations from your eyes is to use a lint-free cloth and distilled water.
Monitor the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s weight every week. Regular deworming and vaccinations serve to prevent health.

The bales can become brittle, especially in winter. Rubbing with milking fat offers good protection.


The spaniel’s name goes back to King Charles I. In the 16th century he ruled England. He was always accompanied by at least one Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. His son Charles II shared this passion. The royal dog even had access to Parliament.

Even then, he enchanted the ladies with his innate charm. The nobility bought this dog to keep their offspring busy. In the rough times of the 16th century, it not only warmed the body in the cold and not very comfortable home. The welcome cavalier was also considered a soul flatterer.
Crossbreeding with Asian breeds made the nose significantly shorter in the 18th century.

The whole appearance changed significantly. In 1926 the American Roswell Eldridge came to Europe. He wanted to get a dog of this breed. The traveler only knew it from paintings from the 17th century and was disappointed with the greatly changed appearance.
The American wanted this dog with a long snout.

So he announced a competition. The shorter-nosed breed survived as the King Charles Spaniel. In 1945, the new Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed was officially recognized.
Only now did the small pedigree dog become popular in Germany. He has retained his extremely good character traits to this day.

That is why he is just as popular as a family dog ​​as as a companion for single people.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Accessories

In addition to a food and water bowl, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel needs a place to rest and sleep. He feels comfortable and protected in a dog basket. Most of the removable insoles can even be washed in the washing machine.
To care for your level-headed four-legged friend, you need a high-quality brush made of natural hair and a wire brush. The basic equipment also includes a fine and a coarse metal comb.

A dog shampoo with a moisturizing effect is used when bathing.
There are special drying towels for dogs in specialist shops. These absorb moisture particularly well. Since they dry quickly, they are well suited for everyday use.
A tick tweezer should also be part of the equipment.

Use a light collar for daily walks. It should be made of light materials. A matching leather leash will get you through social events well. A second leash with a roll-off function is ideal for walks in the great outdoors.

5.1Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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