Canaan Dog

Description Canaan Dog

Docile, Loyal, Watchful
The Canaan dog, also called Israelspitz, comes from Israel and descends from the so-called pariah dogs. This means the breed was bred from former street dogs. It was bred about 100 years ago as a guard and family dog. Outside of Israel, this four-legged friend is hardly known.FCI Group: Spitz – Primitive type dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 18-25kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colours: Sand to reddish brown, white, black or mottled

Character Canaan Dog

The Canaan dog is an affectionate and loyal companion in its family. He is very wary and suspicious of strangers. Although they are extremely defensive towards strangers and animals, they are not fundamentally aggressive. These dogs have a very good reaction time and are extremely lively.
Although a Canaan dog is very attached to his human, he is by no means a stuffed animal .

This is due to his pronounced independence and self-confidence. He decides independently when to seek contact with his humans.
The Canaan Dog is a demanding dog for humans, which is why it is not suitable for beginners . He needs his freedom to rest from time to time. However, this breed is said to have a high tolerance when it comes to dealing with children and his family.

The Canaan dog usually reacts aggressively towards other dogs. This makes it difficult to visit a dog school and other areas heavily frequented by dogs. A pronounced socialization is important, but hardly fully implementable.
The Canaan dog shows its origin from the wild-type dog. At 50-60 cm, he is a medium-sized dog with a very harmonious, strong and square physique.

The males of this breed are significantly larger than the females. Dogs of this breed reach a weight of 18-25 kg.
This four-legged friend has a well-proportioned head with low-set pointed ears that are slightly flattened at the top. The Canaan dog looks at his master with almond-shaped, brown eyes. Its head sits on a muscular neck.

The Canaan dog has a very thick and bushy tail, which it carries curled over its back.
The top coat of this breed consists of short to medium-length fur. It is very dense, firm and straight. The undercoat consists of dense, close-lying hairs. This fur nose comes in the colors sandy to reddish brown, white, black or spotted.

A mask is also allowed according to the breed standard, but it should be symmetrical. A black mask and white markings are permitted in all breed color schemes. The typical desert colors (sand, gold, red and cream) are particularly common.

Diet Canaan Dog

The Canaan dog is fairly simple in its diet . His ancestors fed on man’s refuse. Today, of course, like all dogs, the breed gets a lot more out of it. When it comes to choosing dog food, these dogs are not a problem. As long as the food contains all the important nutrients for dogs and no unnecessary additives, it can eat any dog ​​food.

It is irrelevant for this breed whether you give the dog wet food or dry food or feed him fresh BARF meals. When BARF you should know the individual, necessary amounts of all food components for your four-legged friend. A visit to the veterinarian and professional advice can offer good support.


The Canaan Dog is very easy to care for . Because of its thick coat, it rarely gets dirty and brushing it once or twice a week is enough . He should only be brushed more often when he changes his coat to minimize itching caused by dead hair and increased hair in the apartment.
Like any dog, this four-legged friend should of course also be used to it, then the ears, eyes, teeth and claws should be checked regularly. If necessary, you have to clean them and cut the claws.

Claws that are too long can be very painful when walking. There are no breed-specific diseases known.


The Canaan dog was bred from the pariah dogs of former Palestine. Pariah dogs are dogs that live close to humans, but do not have specific tasks and are not fed specifically. There is no targeted breeding of these four-legged friends.
When the Austrian dog behavior researcher Prof. Rudolphina Menzel and her husband emigrated to Palestine in the 1930s, they came up with the idea of ​​breeding a new breed from the pariah dogs living there .

The original dogs live there with the local Bedouin tribes. With just a few puppies, the couple started breeding and named the new dogs after the biblical land of Canaan.
The dogs were able to get used to living with humans fairly quickly and developed into affectionate, powerful dogs that have always retained many of the characteristics of their wild relatives . In 1948, the Canaan dog was recognized by the Israel Kennel Club. Since 1966, the FCI has also accepted the four-legged friend as an independent breed.

There he is number 273 in group 5 Spitz and dogs of archetype; Section 6 to find archetype. The original pariah dogs still live close together with the Bedouins today, without direct dependence.

Canaan Dog Accessories

The Canaan Dog requires the typical canine equipment . From the collar to the bowl and sleeping place, everything should be there. You also need clippers and a brush to groom your dog. Tooth brushing accessories are also a good choice to support the long-term health of your teeth.
A good veterinarian is of course a must for every dog ​​owner.

Dog liability insurance is required by law in some states, but is always a good idea . Accidents happen easily, and with an alert breed like the Canaan, early prevention is especially important.

7.4Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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