Description Bullmastiff

Intelligent, Alert, Brave
You can see at first glance that the Bullmastiff is one of the mastiff-like dogs. It was bred as a protection and guard dog only recently. In fact, his breed is among the youngest in existence. He gained fame as a police dog in Great Britain and the USA. The breed is registered with the FCI as standard number 157. In Germany, breeders are members of the Club für Molosser e. V. organized.FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs

  • Size: Large
  • Weight: 40-60kg
  • Life expectancy: 10-12 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colours: brindle, red, fawn

Character Bullmastiff

The Bullmastiff grows up to 69 cm high and is therefore one of the medium-sized dogs. At 60 kg, he looks massive and muscular. This effect is reinforced by his broad chest and compact physique. Its coat is smooth with short, shaggy hair. The breed comes in various shades of brindle, red or fawn.

A square head gives the Bullmastiff its signature look. These include the V-shaped ears and short muzzle. The black mask catches the eye. It is dark on the muzzle and fades towards the eyes. The breed often has a white marking on the chest.

A distinctive feature of this breed is their forehead wrinkles. In the resting position, the forehead is smoothed. As soon as he notices something unusual, that changes. He doesn’t utter a sound. However, the Bullmastiff wrinkles its forehead significantly.

With this he gives his master an inaudible signal that something is wrong.
In general, the Bullmastiff rarely barks. He is attentive but rather quiet. He behaves suspiciously and reservedly towards other people. However, he is very attached to his family and is particularly loyal.

As a guard dog, the Bullmastiff is bred for endurance and good tracking dog skills. He is extremely alert and watchful. He is loyal to his family and is always ready to defend them. His threshold is high. Nevertheless, he must be trained consistently from puppyhood on.

Then he also accepts strangers and is not overly suspicious.
The Bullmastiff needs lots of exercise. This powerhouse loves an active lifestyle. He likes to play and is still relaxed towards other dogs. These qualities also make him the perfect family dog.

He is balanced and friendly towards children. He knows who is in the family. He protects these people reliably and decisively.
A great self-confidence and pronounced stubbornness make him a dog for advanced users. A profound education from the beginning is necessary.

Submission is recommended for the Bullmastiff as a good occupation and upbringing. He likes to work and learns quickly.
In some federal states of Germany, the Bullmastiff is considered a list dog. He is also on the breed list in Vienna and Vorarlberg. In the Swiss canton of Geneva, the breed is completely banned and in Ticino it is on the list.

He is classified as dangerous or suspected dangerous. As a result, there are some restrictions or requirements for keeping it.

Diet Bullmastiff

Although the Bullmastiff is considered a healthy breed, some medical conditions do occur. This may include hip dysplasia or elbow dysplasia. Do you want to prevent or reduce these diseases? Then you have to pay attention to the diet when you are a puppy.
It is known that improper nutrition during the growth phase intensifies these diseases. This includes feed with a high energy content.

Your young Bullmastiff must not be given such food. Additionally, puppies should not be fed supplemental vitamin C, vitamin D or calcium.
So that joints, tendons and ligaments are not overloaded, you also have to pay attention to the weight. The Bullmastiff is already a heavy dog ​​due to its muscular build. It is therefore important that he stays at a normal weight.

This means that you adjust the nutritional value of the daily ration to the size of your dog. In addition to his basal metabolic rate, there is daily exercise. The following rule applies: the more movement your animal has, the higher the energy supply may be.
Treats are of course allowed. You simply deduct them from the next feed ration.

This way you will ensure that your dog stays slim and healthy. A high weight puts a strain on the organs and the heart. Another reason to ensure a balanced dog diet.
Bullmastiffs like to eat anything they can get their hands on. Be careful what he eats on the side.

Especially outdoors you have to be careful that he doesn’t catch anything dangerous or poisonous.


Your Bullmastiff is very easy to care for. The fur needs to be brushed. After being outside, check him for ticks or minor injuries. Also look at his paws and the spaces between his claws.
Of course you can bathe him if you want.

But really, brushing should be enough. Dirt is easy to remove from the short hair. The Bullmastiff breed is prone to drooling. You can regularly remove the annoying spit with a cloth.
Pay special attention to the folded back ears.

It’s not easy to tell if they’re okay. That’s why you check it regularly. There should be no inflammation, injuries or parasites.
The standard program includes cutting the claws. Regular visits to the vet will keep your dog healthy.

He needs to be vaccinated. The doctor also deworms him and checks his general condition.
As a list dog, the Bullmastiff needs a character test in some German states. It could be that you as the owner have to provide a certificate of competence. In addition to the physical care of your dog, this also requires some attention.

Constant, consistent training makes living with your protection dog problem-free. You keep his keen mind busy with work. Tracking, a bit of agility or other training balance his temperament. Also in everyday life you have to clarify the hierarchy and value obedience.


In the 19th century England was home to many nobles with large estates. On their lands, game wardens were responsible for protection against poachers. Hunger drove many people to illegally hunt for meat. But poaching was punishable by death.
In order to apprehend the criminals, you needed a dog that was alert and sure-footed.

He shouldn’t hurt her unnecessarily, just arrest her. The poachers should be publicly executed if possible. This served as a deterrent to other potential criminals. Until then, game wardens use large hunting dogs. They injured and killed instead of just confronting.

The Bullmastiff was purposefully bred. He is 60 percent descended from the Mastiff (Old English Mastiff). He owes 40 percent to the Bulldog (Old English Bulldog). A pinch of Bloodhound provided the excellent sense of smell. Thus the Gamekeeper’s Nightdog, or gamekeeper’s night dog , was born.

On December 24, 1924, the Kennel Club in Great Britain recognized the breed. However, his time as the gamekeeper’s dog is long gone. Its properties are particularly appreciated by the police. He is a common police dog in the UK and US.
A great lover of this breed was breeder Moseley.

He popularized the Bullmastiff widely. In 1925 he began to turn the Schutzhund into a loyal family dog. The Bullmastiff is also an excellent companion dog. It is also often used as a sniffer and guard dog. Even use as a guide and rescue dog is conceivable.

Bullmastiff Accessories

Whether it’s a puppy or an adult, your Bullmastiff definitely needs interesting and stable toys. He loves being with family. That’s why his place is definitely not in a kennel. He needs the connection to his people for socialization. A place in the house or apartment is appropriate.

Food, bowl and brush complete the basic products in the home. Some recommend a bib. It helps catch excess saliva. For the journey in the car, this large dog should take a seat in the trunk. The dog box makes driving safe for him too.

A collar and leash are part of the basic equipment for on the go. A muzzle may also be mandatory in your area. You find out in advance whether your dog is on the breed list. There you will also get the necessary information on the requirements of the authorities.
Other accessories depend on which employment job you choose.

For agility, you can equip yourself with various hurdles and sets for a course. When tracking, you need a harness. A long leash or a towline is also useful.

5.8Expert Score
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