border collie

Description border collie

Intelligent, Active, Determined
The Border Collie from Great Britain is a happy nature. He loves physical and mental challenges. The Border Collie belongs to the category of working and herding dogs, but due to its loving and loyal nature it is also ideal for the family. He is one of the smartest dogs in the world.FCI Group: Herding Dogs – Cattle Dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 12-20kg
  • Life expectancy: 12-16 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colours: black and white, brown and white

Character border collie

The breed belongs to the recognized FCI group 1, the herding and cattle dogs, section 1 – the shepherd dogs.
The color of the Border Collie is very different. It is best known in black and white or brown and white. The coat can appear two or three colors, but white must not predominate. The fur is either long-haired or stock-haired.

Dense hair on the neck, tail and hind legs are a typical breed feature.
The height at the withers in males is 56 cm. Bitches usually grow between 46 and 53 cm. Depending on its size, the Border Collie weighs between 14 and 20 kilograms. Its life expectancy is up to 16 years.

He is a very athletic and hardworking dog. He needs a lot of exercise to get rid of his energy. As the owner, you have to teach him to take breaks. The Border Collie generally has a tireless urge to work.
As one of the top runners in the herding dog category, he gracefully drives the herd forward without scaring the animals.

It is typical of the breed that the Border Collie does not bark and sneaks up more like a cat. He fixes and steers the animals with his eyes. His intelligence and vigilance is remarkable.
The Border Collie is a very sensitive, affectionate and attentive friend. He loves to be praised and rewarded and always wants to be close to his owner.

His friendly nature also makes him a popular pet for children and families. He shows fearful traits from time to time, but also likes to try to dominate. He also has a sensitive power of observation. For the bright dog you should be a sensitive but at the same time strict and consistent pet owner.
His active and high-performing nature requires physical and mental nourishment.

Walks alone are not enough for the dog. Various dog sports such as agility, dog dance or flyball are the perfect balance to his energy needs.
The Border Collie always wants to be challenged. In addition to being used as a working dog, it is therefore particularly suitable for families with children. You should have enough time and ideally a large garden.

He is less suitable as a city and apartment dog.

Diet border collie

As with any other dog, the food of the Border Collie should be tailored to the respective age, size and level of activity. Since the Border Collie is by nature a very active dog, you have to make sure that you give it enough nutrients through the food.
As a rule, he does not tend to be overweight. However, if you keep him as a family dog, you must ensure that he gets enough exercise. An oversupply of food could easily lead to obesity in the Border Collie.

It can also have negative effects on his body and skeleton.
Canned food containing sugar, a high proportion of cereals or leftovers from the table must be avoided at all costs. The dog could suffer from kidney problems. A balanced diet with lean food is optimal for the Border Collie. The quality of the feed is crucial.

You should focus on good quality and small amounts of protein, fat and carbohydrates.
Eating high-quality food extends its life expectancy. You also prevent intolerance and diseases. An ideal diet is, for example, the combination of dry food and fresh meat. In order to prevent a possible deficiency, it is important that you ensure there is enough variety in your diet.

In addition to his main meal, you can also reward him with small appetizers. You are welcome to offer him raw fruit and vegetables or buffalo skin treats.


The coat of hair is the most prominent feature of the Border Collie. They are available in the variations long-haired or stock-haired. Due to its dense top coat and dense undercoat, the coat requires regular care so that it shines and appears healthy.
You should brush the fur thoroughly at least every other day. This will prevent tangles and knots in the fur.

It will also make it easier for you to recognize any ticks or parasites that may have settled in. This works best with a special flea comb. When it comes to shedding, it helps if you brush the dog twice a day.
Unless the dog’s claws are worn down enough from being outdoors, you should check and trim them regularly. The Border Collie’s claws grow at a rate similar to that of a human fingernail.

You should generally check the paws for injuries, parasites or any foreign objects. Sometimes the hair gets a little too long. You can also restrict the dog’s mobility and slip resistance. In this case, you can easily trim the hair.
Due to the breed, the Border Collie is sometimes prone to eye diseases in addition to epilepsy.

To prevent this, it is necessary that you regularly wipe the dog’s eye secretions. You can do this with a damp cloth towards your nose. A fresh cloth should always be used for each eye.
The ears also have to be checked again and again for parasites and dirt. You can easily remove the dirt with a damp cloth without hurting the dog.

The same goes for the nose and teeth.
The Border Collie is not naturally a friend of the bathtub. Only if the animal is obviously particularly dirty or ill. Then you should bathe it with a mild dog shampoo.


The Border Collie is also called Scottish Sheepdog. He comes from the borderland between Scotland and England. The name is derived from the border areas, the Border Counties. Border stands for the border in English, the term collie stands for something useful. Border counties needed herding dogs that could do their job regardless of the climate.

Because of their coat properties, Border Collies are able to do this.
Already in the 16th century people were talking about today’s Border Collie. A passage from the 1576 book Treatise on English Doggess by John Caius, Queen Elizabeth I’s personal physician, describes the modern-day Border Collie. In it, the special characteristics of the dog in its work as a herding dog are emphasized.
The progenitor and most important stud dog of the modern Border Collie breed is known under the name Old Hemp .

Dating from 1893, he was a great master at herding sheep. Numerous descendants are said to have descended from him. The Border Collie breed has been in use since 1910.
The breed first came to Germany in the 1970s and has been one of the most popular herding dogs ever since. He is also kept as a leisure dog more and more often and families especially love him.

The Border Collie has been recognized by the FCI and the Kennel Club since 1976.

border collie Accessories

The Border Collie is primarily a passionate herding dog. He can not only herd sheep, but also other animals such as rabbits or ducks. If you want to transfer such a task to him or want to teach him, then it is best to use a hat whistle. This gives you, as the owner, and the dog equal pleasure.
In any case, you will need a comb, a slicker brush and a trimmer for grooming.

The claw trimmer should also be part of the collie accessory. Collar and leash are part of the basic equipment. Even if the Border Collie is not a friend of the leash.
You can have a lot of fun with the dog with useful toys. Frisbees are very popular with the breed.

With an agility set you can set up a wonderful course in larger terrain. Tunnels, slalom poles and much more can be used for this. This is how you challenge the dog.

6.8Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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