Calm, Enterprising, Calm
The Bolognese is an FCI recognized breed in Group 9, Section 1. Calm with little barking, the Bolognese is ideal for families with children and the elderly. The Bolognese does not need much exercise and loves to play. But as a companion dog, he wants to be with you everywhere and never leaves his owner alone. The docile dog is easy to train. He has a quick mind. The robust animal is characterized by its calm disposition.FCI group: Companion dogs
- Size: Small
- Weight: 2.5-4kg
- Life expectancy: 12-14 years
- Coat type: long hair
- Colours: pure white, very slight ivory tint
The Bolognese has a height at the withers of 27 to 30 cm for males. Bitches are 26 to 28 cm tall. It weighs from 2.5 to 4 kg and lives an average of 12 to 14 years. He is one of the company and companion dogs.
The coat, which hardly sheds, is flaky and fluffy and forms almost no fringes.
It is soft, not fitted and long all over the body. Coat color ranges from pure white to a slight ivory tint.
The Bolognese is one of the small breeds. Its body is square. This dog exudes a rather easy-going personality and is not very active.
Even if he likes to play, he is rather unsuitable for sporting activities.
The cheerful Bolognese with a calm and even-tempered nature is never aggressive. He quickly creates a close bond with his owner and his caregivers. He is cuddly and loyal. He usually remains very reserved towards strangers and occasionally barks at them for a short time.
Bolognese are prone to separation anxiety. Because of this, they should not be left alone for long periods of time and are unsuitable for people who work full-time. The robust Bolognese is not susceptible to illness. There are no known diseases that are genetically inherited.
As calm and carefree dogs, they are very suitable as companions for pensioners and seniors or people who live their lives on a quieter basis and are not very active.
They are always available for games like hide-and-seek, chasing a rolling ball or learning tricks. You can also feel very comfortable in a city apartment. A long, slow walk is completely sufficient for their movement.
Which food is best for your dog depends on your dog’s age , weight and susceptibility . The frugal Bolognese is not picky about its food. He doesn’t make any special demands, but he can eat until he drops.
Make sure that your dog has a balanced diet, that the food does not contain any attractants, flavorings, colorings or preservatives, has a high meat content and does not contain too much grain or vegetable ingredients.
From time to time you can give him treats .
Especially if he has earned praise during training.
The Bolognese’s fluffy coat requires regular grooming. Get your dog used to grooming from a young age. Brush and comb your Bolognese thoroughly once a week. When changing the coat of a young dog, this is necessary every day.
You start on the stomach.
To do this, lay your dog on its back and work your way strand by strand. Then you continue with the paws. Start on one side and work your way to the other side. The dog is combed in all directions in batches and gets its well-groomed appearance.
Pay special attention to the areas behind the ears, the neck, armpits and the buttocks region.
The hair tends to get knotted there. Regularly carefully cut out the hair on the pads, eyes and ears with round scissors.
In order to avoid tear marks in the white fur under the eyes, thorough eye care is also recommended. Wipe away your dog’s tears daily with a damp cloth. So his face never looks glued.
You can remove dried tear fluid with special cleaners from the vet.
The paws are part of the daily check of your dog . With every walk, your dog can step into a shard or other foreign object unnoticed. There are also dangers for sensitive paws in the grass. Inflammation caused by grass mites can form between your dog’s toes.
Therefore a daily check of the paws is mandatory. The claws should be trimmed regularly.
Check your Bolognese’s eyes daily for redness or inflammation.
Your dog ‘s ears are sensitive. Especially with hanging ears there is a risk of inflammation under the ear lobes in the auricle.
Therefore, you should clean your ears with a special ear cleaning product. Clean once a week.
Check your Bolognese’s teeth daily for damage and plaque. If you got your dog as a puppy, start brushing his teeth right away. Then the dog is not afraid of the toothbrush.
Alternatively, you can give him tooth-cleaning products to chew on.
This small dog breed is originally from Italy . In the ancient Roman Empire, it was kept as a luxury dog by high-ranking ladies.
The relevant literature says very little about the origin of the Bolognese. As with many other small breeds, the Maltese appears to have played a role in the evolution of the Bolognese. All that is known is that it was already highly valued in the 11th and 12th centuries.
He was graceful and beautiful and still is today.
During the Renaissance, the dog was extremely popular with the ladies of high society. In 1668, Cosimo de Medici, by royal courier, asked Colonel Alamanni in Belgium to give away eight small Bolognese in his name to wealthy and influential families in Brussels.
Also, in the 17th century Catherine the Great in the Russian Tsarist Empire and Madame Pompadour, the mistress of the French king, received a Bolognese as a gift.
The Austrian Empress Maria Theresa loved her Bolognese so much that she had him stuffed after his death.
Today it is on display in the Natural History Museum in Vienna .
The Princess Jose of Belgium also kept a Bolognese. She received it as a gift from the Italian King Umberto II.
The breed was brought to England by Liz Stannard in 1990 and was first registered in the herd book. The breed was able to show for the first time in 2002 at the Crufts show at the National Exhibition Center in Birmingham.
For the small dog, a light harness is sufficient for the walk. The peaceful dog does not necessarily need a tight leash. A telescopic line with a stop function is sufficient and can provide up to 5 meters of freedom of movement.
Because the Bolognese needs extensive grooming, you can get a dog grooming set. The sets contain everything you need for the complex care.
Usually nail cutters for the claws are also included in such sets.
Like any dog, your Bolognese needs a sanctuary that is all his. You will find a large selection of dog baskets or cushions for dogs. Dog caves are also very popular with small dogs. He will thank you if he has a clean and soft place to sleep.
The Bolognese is playful. He loves hidden object games . You should have small balls , cuddly toys or other play accessories for small play dogs in the house so that your dog has a task.
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