Bernese Mountain Dog

Description Bernese Mountain Dog

Good-natured, Loyal, Watchful
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a good-natured dog and has an even temperament. He shows himself to be extremely affectionate, especially towards familiar people. He is considered alert, alert, and fearless, but is not a barker. He behaves confidently but absolutely peacefully towards strangers. In addition, he is characterized by a very good leadership.FCI Group: Pinscher – Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain Dogs

  • Size: Large
  • Weight: 35-55kg
  • Life expectancy: 8-12 years
  • Coat type: long hair
  • Colours: Black, red/rusty brown and white pattern

Character Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dogs are not only valued for their good-natured temperament. Their attachment to children also makes them ideal family dogs. In addition, the very trainable animals are also used as companion dogs.
The joy of physical work makes the Bernese Mountain Dogs good draft dogs. The successful trackers provide valuable services, especially as disaster and rescue dogs.

Animals of this special breed also enjoy any kind of mass sport. Due to their strong physique, they are not suitable for sports such as agility. Because these sports require a high degree of agility and mobility from the dog.
Bernese Mountain Dogs are large dogs with a lush tri-colored coat. Their basic color is black, with a pattern in red to rusty brown and white.

The fur of the dogs is relatively long and thick. It needs to be brushed out regularly. This is the only way to keep it free of any tangles.
The four-legged friends are particularly strong and muscular. Originally, they were therefore mostly used as working dogs.

The males are about 70 cm high, the females, on the other hand, are often a little smaller. They have a very sturdy build and are longer than they are tall. The weight is around 34 to 54 kg.
Bernese Mountain Dogs are characterized by constant vigilance and special good nature. They were originally working dogs and are therefore very willing to learn.

Because of their size, obedience training is appropriate from puppyhood. This is the only way for the Bernese Mountain Dogs to become sociable and reliable house dogs.
The natural instincts for guarding and doing farm work still prevail today. This species is therefore ideal as a reliable guard dog and is also ideal as a draft and herding dog.
Draft work is also part of the Field Trials specifically for Bernese Mountain Dogs.

The dogs willing to work are professionally assessed. It’s about how powerfully and smoothly they can pull a cart while maintaining control.
As a loving family dog, the Bernese Mountain Dog has enjoyed exercise. He also likes to take on different tasks. He would like to please you.

He also happily accompanies you on all your walks.
According to the FCI, the Bernese Mountain Dogs belong to group two . So they belong to “pinschers and schnauzers, molossoids, swiss mountain dogs”. As a rule, the dogs reach an average age of 10 to 12 years.

Diet Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog has a muscular, tall build and a strong coat. Therefore, he has very special dietary requirements. Dogs of the breed are mostly used as working dogs. Despite this, they have a rather cozy character.
Feeding should be tailored to the individual needs of the dog.

A standard feed is therefore less suitable. Because it is not optimally tailored to all the needs of this special breed. The food should also be adapted to the individual dog.
The dog breed has its own requirements for optimal feeding. Nevertheless, every single Bernese Mountain Dog is different.

Therefore, breed-specific characteristics do not have to be considered exclusively. The dog’s activity and age also play a role. In addition, the state of health and the physical constitution should be included.
Diseases are also common in this breed. These include: hip dysplasia, obesity, renal dysfunction and tumors.

These can only be taken into account by administering special diet food.
A very sluggish dog tends to be overweight. Then a lower-energy dry food is recommended. This should still contain important nutrients. Important minerals, protein and all vitamins are also irreplaceable.

This is how you prevent obesity and deficiency symptoms at the same time.
Barf has also established itself as an alternative to ready-made feed products . Here the dog is only given feed in its raw form. The proponents of this method particularly emphasize the rich ingredients. These are only present in raw meat and vegetables and can be lost through boiling.

It can happen that you are still unsure which diet is suitable. Then it is best to contact the breeder or your veterinarian. They can create a very individual and customized needs plan for your dog.


The beautiful fur of the Bernese Mountain Dog is thick and quite long. It has a particularly natural shine. However, such a coat requires daily brushing. This is the only way to keep it clean and, above all, not to become unattractively matted.
However, more thorough grooming should be done at least every other week.

Most Bernese Mountain Dogs shed a moderate amount of fur throughout the year. On average, this happens very strongly twice a year. This is usually the case when they change their fur, once in summer and once in winter.
To make it easier for you to care for your fur, there are special dog shampoos for long-haired four-legged friends on the market. This ensures that the hair coat remains supple and shiny.

If the fur has nevertheless formed knots or tangles, a detangling spray is recommended. Such sprays are available specifically for grooming long-haired dogs.
In addition, eyes, skin and ears should be checked daily if possible. The paws, claws and teeth should not be neglected either. On occasion, they should also be carefully cleaned if necessary.

During short routine checks, you can identify possible changes in the skin. These can be a sign of serious illness. If it is recognized early, it can be treated quickly.
Proper dog ownership and comprehensive care of your dog are important. They contribute to the well-being and health of your four-legged friend.

In addition, it also contributes to the fact that you will have a lot of fun together for a very long time.


Today’s Bernese Mountain Dog was originally called ” Dürrbächler “. This name is basically derived from a small village called Dürrbach in Switzerland. Because here the strong and willing to work dog was very popular with the local farmers.
From the very beginning, the Bernese Mountain Dog was a versatile farm dog. The intelligent dog could herd cattle.

He also had to guard the farm and even pulled the heavy milk truck to the nearest local milk shop. He showed himself to be particularly excellent at herding many sheep.
Despite its initial popularity, the breed fell into obscurity around the turn of the century. Professor Albert Heim saved the dog breed from gradual extinction. He continued to develop the breed.

By crossing the dogs with Newfoundlands, he optimized the temperament and size of the dogs.
The dog attracted a great deal of attention at a major international pedigree dog show. That was in 1907 in Bern, Switzerland. As a result, he quickly became well known in many other regions. Whereupon he was renamed the Bernese Mountain Dog.

The name Bernese Mountain Dog comes from the region where the dog breed originated. Bern denotes a canton (similar to a German federal state) in Switzerland. This is where the Bernese Mountain Dog was bred for the first time.
By the way, there are also Appenzell Mountain Dogs, Swiss Mountain Dogs and Entlebuch Mountain Dogs. The breeds are named according to their place of origin.

Alpine shepherds are also often called “senn”. As they typically often keep such dogs as willing to work farm dogs and herding dogs.

Bernese Mountain Dog Accessories

From time to time you should get new toys for your Bernese Mountain Dog. This keeps the dog playing and romping more interesting than your shoes. An important part of the basic equipment are above all the dog brushes . These are essential for grooming.
Some dog accessories are very important, especially for a Bernese Mountain Dog.

Especially if you don’t want a carpet made of dog hair in your apartment. Your Bernese Mountain Dog can do without grooming for a day. By day two at the latest, however, he can urgently use grooming again.
Brushes for the fur are the most important accessories. You should buy these.

They help to prevent annoying tangles and unsightly fur carpets. Otherwise, however, the breed is undemanding in terms of care.

7.1Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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