Australian Kelpie

Description Australian Kelpie

Attentive, Gentle, Obedient
The Australian Kelpie – also known as the Australian Shepherd – is a lithe and active dog. He can work tirelessly. He is also extremely intelligent and alert. He has unlimited energy. The Kelpie was bred to be independent throughout the day herding livestock, particularly sheep. He is happy with a job.FCI Group: Herding Dogs – Cattle Dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 14-21kg
  • Life expectancy: 10-13 years
  • Coat type: short hair
  • Colours: black, red, tan, fawn, chocolate brown, smoky blue

Character Australian Kelpie

Kelpies belong to FCI Group 1, Section 1 German Shepherd. They were bred and crossed from Scottish Collies. They are robust enough to withstand the harsh climate of Australia. In addition, they can work without breaks.
Black and brown Kelpies go back to Collies.

Their hair color is often monochromatic, black, blue to red. The medium-sized dogs weigh up to 21 kg. The hair is short with or without an undercoat. His head shape is reminiscent of a fox. He has almond-shaped eyes and a clearly defined muzzle.

When breeding Kelpies, their original function as sheep dogs is no longer the priority. Nevertheless, he is still characterized by his characteristics such as joy of movement, endurance and willingness to perform. He is eager, spirited and agile.
With a consistent upbringing, he is gentle, calm and obedient . He needs enough exercise and employment .

As long as he has enough space and is busy, he is also suitable as a family dog. He loves children and follows his own family faithfully and devotedly. It is not really suitable for a rented apartment. A house with a large garden or yard or a country estate is perfect for him.
If a Kelpie is not sufficiently exercised, it can lead to behavioral problems.

He prefers positive motivation to parenting rather than blame. The Kelpie is very territorial and will bark at signs of danger. So he is a great watchdog. Socialization training is necessary for education. He doesn’t allow any other pets or puppies.

If you want to get a Kelpie, you should have sufficient experience in raising and training dogs.
Kelpies need walks and exercise every day. They also need enough mental exercises. For example, they like to learn new tricks and commands. Then they stay balanced and happy.

In Europe, traits such as athleticism and health are promoted when breeding Kelpies. In addition, there is the willingness to perform and the ability to train. The Kelpie is now often seen at dog sporting events.
He can be enthusiastic about dog sports . He likes agility and obedience , flyball and frisbee .

At work he is perfect. He likes to be a rescue , drug and explosives dog or simply a companion dog .
A Kelpie is very loyal and an affectionate companion. That’s why you should have a lot of time for him. With a consistent upbringing, he can bring joy for many years thanks to his versatility and endurance.

Kelpies love snuggling with familiar people. They like to give kisses. Even though they are very snuggly, you won’t be able to keep them on the couch for long. They need their freedom and movement.

Diet Australian Kelpie

The Kelpie needs to stay in top form. For this he needs rich and balanced food.
In its native country, the Kelpie usually gets freshly prepared food. That is usually 250 g of meat per day. He also gets 125 g dog flakes and 125 g vegetables.

He always needs enough fresh water. He likes veal and beef bones. They keep his teeth healthy and strong. He shouldn’t be given lamb, chicken, or rabbit bones. They can splinter and become dangerous.

Pieces of it can get stuck in the throat and intestines.
It can also be fed with high-quality dry or wet food. Please note that the portions should correspond to the dog’s age, weight, movement. From time to time you can also give your Kelpie a treat. The calories in the treats should be included in the daily calorie consumption.

This will prevent you from becoming overweight.
Of course, fresh and clean drinking water should never be missing.


The hardy Kelpie only needs a vigorous brushing weekly . This will remove dust and dirt from his fur. You can bathe your kelpie once in a while if it gets too dirty. You should use a suitable dog shampoo for this and rinse it out thoroughly after the bas.
Like any dog, it needs regular deworming and anti-parasitic treatment .

Eyes and ears need to be checked from time to time and kept clean. Particular attention should be paid to the limbs and the balls of the soles . After his daily “long-distance run” some things may have settled on his bunions.
Regular dental care should also be carried out. It is best to get him used to the controls and care when he is a puppy.

This is how you build a deep bond with him.


The name Kelpie comes from a mythological creature from Scottish folklore. He has prevailed as a breed name.
As vast tracts of land were opened up to farming in Australia, the number of sheep increased rapidly. Especially in New South Wales and Victoria. Some properties were over two million acres and housed a quarter of a million sheep.

In these areas, the herding of sheep by convicts was no longer possible because the landscapes were simply too large in the meantime. In the vast areas one could hardly keep the herds any longer. Therefore, wire fences were erected and the sheep were allowed to run free.
However, this now required dogs, which in these vast areas had the ability to keep the sheep under control and to guard them. A breed had to be bred that could face this challenge and at the same time cope with the weather and climate conditions in Australia.

That’s where the Kelpie came in handy.
The origin of the Kelpie is not entirely known. However, there is no doubt that they are descended from collies imported from Scotland at the time. At first the dogs were black and brown like these collie type dogs. They had long-haired fur and medium-sized ears.

Over time, others were born with straight hair and erect ears. The litters of the imported dogs were red and liver puppies. After further crossbreeding, the Kelpie developed from this.
The name Kelpie comes from the name of the progenitor of this breed. The collie bitch came to Australia from England around 1870.

She got awards at herding competitions. That’s why her puppies were in high demand. This breed was then named after her. The initial assumption that dingoes were crossed with collies when this breed was bred is now seen as less likely.

Australian Kelpie Accessories

A cuddly blanket or a large, comfortable dog basket is required as an accessory at home . Like every dog, he needs a favorite toy for this . He loves dog bones for training and as a treat. However, they should be quite stable.
Kelpies also like to roost outdoors.

However, a kennel would restrict him because he loves freedom.
A wide, soft collar , a long, stable leash and a muzzle are essential.

7.3Expert Score
Breed characteristics

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