Australian Cattle Dog

Description Australian Cattle Dog

Self-confident, agile, people-oriented
The Australian Cattle Dog is one of the most popular dog breeds. He is a reliable driving and herding dog as well as a faithful and loyal companion.FCI Group: Herding Dogs – Cattle Dogs

  • Size: medium
  • Weight: 14-16kg
  • Life expectancy: 10-15 years
  • Coat Type: Medium Hair
  • Colors: Blue Spotted, Mottled, Red Mottled, and Red Mottled

Character Australian Cattle Dog

The Australian Cattle Dog is a medium-sized dog. He has a strikingly compact and powerful stature. The coat is smooth and has a short and dense undercoat.
It differs from other dog breeds in its characteristic coat color. These arise due to a genetic defect.

The Blue Merle Collie came into the breed. There are blue spotted, mottled, red spotted, and red mottled variants.
The puppies have white fur at birth. Sometimes even barely visible spots can be seen. The typical drawing only appears later.

The powerful Cattle Dog is extraordinarily intelligent, confident, alert and courageous. He shows a reliable sense of duty. According to his breed, he has a pronounced herding and protective instinct. His strong urge to be active and move is also striking.
For its well-being, the bundle of energy needs extensive activity.

This must be meaningful and varied. It should do justice to his intelligence and his urge to move. It is to be selected according to age and constitution.
Intelligence games, dog sports and tasks in the guard area are best suited. Possible choices are: obedience, agility, flyball, swim training, dog frisbee, dog dancing.

This dog is very intelligent and people-friendly. That is why he is happy to help with the therapeutic treatment of mentally handicapped people. It can also be used to rescue people in need.
The fully grown four-legged friend is equipped with a pronounced drive to follow. He is a wonderful companion when riding a bike or jogging.

With the right exercise, he runs extensively.
If the clever four-legged friend lives in the family, he can easily be integrated into the pack. He enjoys doing things together. He tends to settle on someone he trusts. In this he corresponds to the shepherd dog.

When strangers approach their pack , the Cattle Dog behaves naturally. He protects. If he is not brought up properly, he can develop a strong rejection. Posture problems can occur.
The Australian Cattle Dog notices uncertainties in the pack leadership very quickly.

If these persist, he is happy to take the lead. A consistent education is necessary. This consists of clear announcements based on respectful and friendly cooperation.
Puppy play hours and other dog schools offer help and tips for training your four-legged friend. In addition, the dog gets important contacts with different conspecifics.

Particular attention should be paid to learning commands and obedience. Playing with other dogs encourages social behavior. Working together is more harmonious. The dog and the owner get to know and respect each other.

Diet Australian Cattle Dog

An Australian Cattle Dog is an easygoing eater with normal demands. However, the breed is considered “gluttonous”. Adapt the daily amount of food to the physical constitution and activities.
An adult animal weighs around 20 kilograms. A four-month-old puppy, on the other hand, is half its final weight.

Proper nutrition begins as early as puppy age. It continues through adolescence and adult dogs.
The dog is related to a predator and has a high energy consumption. The feed should be appropriate high-quality feed. This consists mainly of animal proteins.

It contains all the necessary nutrients and vitamins.
Leftovers, bones, high-fat foods and sweets are not to be fed. Good dog food does not contain any additives, flavor enhancers, colourings, allergens or fattening agents.
Every now and then a dry chew offers the four-legged friend a tasty change. In the trade you can get beef bridles, beef ears and tripe.

By chewing, your four-legged friend strengthens his teeth and chewing muscles.
The popular treats will help you train and motivate your dog. Choose them wisely and only use quality products. Make sure your dog always has unhindered access to fresh water.


The Australian Cattle Dog has a smooth, dense, short-haired and weatherproof coat. This is considered easy to care for and requires moderate and simple maintenance.
As a rule, it is sufficient if you trim the fur with a brush once a week. An exception occurs when changing fur. This takes place 1 to 2 times a year.

During this time you can remove excess hair from your pet. It is best to brush it several times a week.
A gentle dog wash after swimming gets rid of the stinking smell of fur. There are special shampoos on the market for this. The subsequent terry toweling allows the fur to dry faster.

In addition to the fur, the claws also need good care. If these do not wear out naturally, they should be shortened with special scissors. But be careful not to cut too low! If necessary, this care is taken care of by the veterinarian.
Don’t forget to check your eyes and ears regularly. These are often covered in dirt.

Use an ear cleaner to clean them. Sometimes a little water on a soft cloth is enough.
Changes in the skin can indicate diseases and parasites. WHAT YOU CAN SEE: Spots, scabs and blood. Treatment at the vet is absolutely necessary.

Hereditary diseases can also occur in the Australian Cattle Dog. These are related to the coat color. The white fur carriers often suffer from deafness. This occurs due to a lack of color pigment cells in the inner ear.
Some dogs get the eye condition luxated lens (PLL).

The consequences are cataracts and, if left untreated, complete blindness. Other diseases include: nerve disease polioencephalomyelopathy, skeletal hyperthyroidism (DISH) and spondylosis.
Nowadays there are possibilities to recognize the predispositions of the diseases. Gene tests, hearing tests and X-rays are used for this purpose. A reputable breeder will present such to the interested party.


Early Australian settlers bred the pedigree dog. He preferred it for driving large herds of cattle. In 1830, cattle breeder Thomas Hall brought blue-patterned working dogs to Australia. He bought the so-called Drover Dogs from drovers from northern England.
Hall began crossing again.

He crossed with the native dingo and the breed Hall’s Heeler was born. Later, bull terrier, kelpie and dalmatian genes were also introduced.
The result was an extremely robust and agile working dog. This could also drive the semi-wild cattle herds of Australia for kilometers. And this even under the most difficult climatic and landscape conditions.

In the 19th century, the Australian Cattle Dog developed into the most important cattle dog breed on the Australian continent. In 1897, the blue breed (Blue Merle) took part in an exhibition for the first time. In 1903 breeder Robert Kaleski named the first breed standard.
In 1979 the FCI became aware of the Cattle Dog. The Fédération placed him on the Register of Purebred Dogs.

He was placed in Group 1 “Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs” and in Section 2 “Cattle Dogs”.

Australian Cattle Dog Accessories

In order for the pack member to feel comfortable in his home, he needs suitable bowls for food and water. For a pain-free and unhindered walk you use the right running gear.
There is also a cozy blanket or a basket for your friend to rest in. The best place is where there is no draft and you can see everything. Most of the time, the dog chooses his favorite place himself.

Species-appropriate toys help to keep them busy and against boredom. A transport box or a device to buckle up is also advisable. These are for the safety of the dog when driving in the car.
If the Australian Cattle Dog is kept in a species-appropriate manner , it needs enough exercise. It’s the most fun in nature.

A country house with a garden is preferable to a small city apartment.

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