Aquarium fish: Tiger barb (Puntigrus tetrazona)
Size: 5 cm
Water temperature: 22-26 ° C
Aquarium volume: 112 l
Tiger barb (Puntigrus tetrazona ) – freshwater fish from the carp family, often found in aquariums.
Tiger barb comes from Asia. The species lives in streams and rivers in Borneo and Sumatra.
Characteristics and disposition
Tiger barbs are 5-6 cm long. Coloration of the body yellow, characteristic dark stripes across the body.
The pattern may vary slightly from one individual to another. Males are slender and brighter colored than females. There are also varieties in farms: dark green called barb moss , red, albino, golden, platinum. Tiger barb is a herd fish. They create loose hierarchies, males compete with each other for the favor of females and positions in the herd.
A minimum of 8-10 animals should be kept in the aquarium. In a larger group, they not only look more interesting, but also show more natural behaviors and their aggression towards their fellow residents disappears. In smaller quantities or kept in too small a tank, they tend to gnaw the fins of other fish.
Nutrition and feeding
They can be given live, frozen and dry food, systematically supplemented with plant food.
Very mobile fish need a lot of space to swim.
A tank with a length of at least 80 cm will be suitable for a group. They look best in densely overgrown aquariums with a dark substrate and decorations made of roots. Light muffled by floating plants. Fish like a strong current of water. They are not the best companionship for beautifulls, cichlids, and other free-swimming veiled fish.
In a biotope aquarium, they can be kept with carp and pea family, such as a dwarf loach or a lawn mower . In a social aquarium with rainbow or tetras.
Like most smaller cyprinids, Tiger barbs scatter eggs and show no parental care. In well-kept aquariums, reproduction takes place without any special treatments. A more controlled approach is required if we want to increase the number of fry.
For this purpose, a smaller spawning tank should be prepared, which should be shaded. At the bottom we place a fine mesh grate so that only the roe grains can pass through them. You can also use artificial grass or glass balls, preferably small-leaved plants. The water should be mature, slightly acidic to neutral water, with a temperature of 25-26 ° C. A sponge filter or an air stone is required to ensure adequate water current and oxygenation.
Feed the fish abundantly for a few days and then in the evening, place one or two pairs in the breeding tank (preferably in the evening). Fish can be bred in larger groups using appropriately larger aquariums. Spawning usually takes place in the morning of the next day. As soon as we spot the eggs, we catch the parents. Hatching takes place after 1-2 days.
The fry begin to swim after another 24 hours. We feed micro-foods until they are large enough to receive Artemia, eyelash larvae, etc.