Three spot gourami
Aquarium fish: Three spot gourami (Trichopodus trichopterus)
Size: 13 cm
Water temperature: 24-30 ° C
Aquarium volume: 80 l
Three spot gourami (Trichopodus trichopterus ) – freshwater aquarium fish from the gourami family, eagerly kept by enthusiasts of aquarium hobby.
Widely distributed, it lives in slow-flowing and still waters in Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Burma.
Characteristics and disposition
In nature, the double-spot gourami reaches a length of 15 cm. In aquariums it grows to about 12.5 cm. The fish are blue-green in color, two dark spots – one on the body, the other on the caudal part, and the pelvic fins transformed into long, threadlike sensory processes.
There are also varieties in which, instead of round spots, there are larger, dark spots of irregular shape (e.g. marble gourami ), varieties with a uniform, golden color ( golden gourami ) and intermediate forms. Males can be recognized by the sharp-edged dorsal fin and the orange rim of the anal fin. The femalesthey are usually slightly smaller and more rounded in the belly. The two-spot gourami is often considered a fish with a calm disposition, but it is not always the case.
Some individuals may be aggressive, others completely peaceful . Males are territorial and often compete with each other. They can be especially aggressive during breeding. They can be kept with other labyrinthine , bots , little razors , or barbs that aren’t prone to fin-biting.
Nutrition and feeding
Gouramis are not picky fish, they can be fed dry mix, supplemented with frozen, live and plant foods.
These resistant fish should be kept in an aquarium with a capacity of min. 80 liters, densely covered with plants, with a not too strong forced water current, equipped with several floating plants required for reproduction. Gourami must have access to oxygen taken from above the surface of the water.
Breeding this species is fairly easy. The tank should be flooded with water to a height of 20 cm, with a gentle water current and lots of floating plants.
There should be 2-3 females per one male. Fish during the breeding period should be fed with high-quality live food . When the female is full of eggs, the male begins building a large, foamy nest – he also uses small plant parts for this purpose. Then it strains in front of the female and a multiple act occurs at the nest, where the female lays from 500 to 1,200 eggs. After spawning, the male starts taking care of the nest and chases the female away, which is best caught at this time so that it does not harm her.
Young hatch after 20-30 hours and start swimming after 4-5 days. At this point, the male should also be separated. In the first week we give them food in gel, then small live food such as larvae, artemia, daphnia. We should carefully observe the fry and, over time, separate the larger fish from the smaller ones, as cannibalism can occur among them .