Neolamprologus brichardi

Aquarium fish: Neolamprologus brichardi (Neolamprologus brichardi)
Size: 7 – 9 cm
Origin: Tanganyika
Water temperature: 23-27 ° C
Aquarium volume: 112 l

Neolamprologus brichardi (Neolamprologus brichardi ) – a species of freshwater aquarium fish from the cichlid family showing interesting and complex family hierarchies.

Occurrence

Africa . Endemic to Lake Tanganyika in southwestern Tanzani. They live in rock littoral at depths from 5 to 10 m. Their shoal can number up to 100,000 individuals and cover an area of ​​50 m.

Characteristics and disposition

Beautiful and easy to breed, one of the most popular Tanganyika fish. Reaches from 7 to 9 cm of standard length (with a caudal fin about 15 cm). The body is silver-gray, slightly brownish, the tips of the fins are white, sometimes also turning silver. There is a yellow spot on the gill covers. The edges of the caudal fin are strongly elongated.

The caudal fin is deeply indented. The male is usually larger than its companion and has more elongated fins. There are a few varieties in trade, but only slightly different in color, and a rare variety of albino. The fish swim in the middle and bottom of the water. They show territorialism and aggression, especially during the spawning season.

Interestingly , they form multigenerational families , consisting of a pair of parents (less often 1 male and 2 females) and their young, which, after reaching maturity, can pair up and reproduce. However, this does not bother the primal couple. In addition, older siblings often help raise the younger generation, and the whole family works together to defend territory.

Nutrition and feeding

The main component of the diet should be live or frozen foods . However, dry food can be given in smaller amounts.

A good addition will be algae in the form of spirulina and vegetables such as chopped spinach.

Aquarium

A single individual or a matched pair can be kept in an average aquarium of about 70 liters, but if we want to see the natural behavior of this species, a 112-liter aquarium with a length of 80 cm will be necessary for a couple. The species feels best in a biotope aquarium with a sandy base , where a large part of the surface is covered by rock clusters with numerous caves, grottos and crevices. On decorations, resistant plants such as anubias, cryptocorynes, and microspores can grow – others growing in the substrate will be dug up. The species is sensitive to water pollution – good biological filtration and frequent water changes are recommended.

Lighting should not be too strong. They are quite aggressive and territorial fish, especially when guarding fry, so they are not suitable for a social aquarium. It is best to keep them in a species aquarium. In larger tanks, at least 120 cm long (for 2 matched pairs), they can be combined with other similar sized cichlids from Lake Tanganyika, eg . It is important that the other species be the first to designate the territory.

The company of cichlids from Lake Malawi or Victoria and (in most cases) small shellfish from Lake Tanganyika is not recommended.

Breeding

Under natural conditions, the Princesses of Burundi lay their eggs in caves on their vaults. In aquariums they are happy to reproduce and breeders do not cause much trouble. If we do not have an adult and matched pair, it is best to start with buying a group of at least 6 young individuals. As soon as steam has formed, the remaining fish should be separated. When the fish reach sexual maturity, a matched pair selects a cave in which the female lays from 100 to even 200 grains of eggs.

The roe is looked after by the female, while the male guards the entrance to the cave. Hatching takes place within 2-3 days. The larvae begin to swim freely after about 7 days. The young grow rather slowly, but are rather hardy. It is not recommended to catch the fry for easier rearing, as we will not be able to return the grown fish to their parents.

It is worth noting that there is no cannibalism here, as is the case with many other species , and older fish do not eat younger siblings. Immediately after hatching, the fry are large enough to accept Artemia larvae or eyelids.

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