Clown killi

Aquarium fish: Clown killi (Epiplatys annulatus)
Size: 4 cm
Origin: Africa
Water temperature: 24-26 ° C
Aquarium volume: 30 l

Clown killi (Epiplatys annulatus) – a small aquarium fish from the family of Slupiens.

Occurrence

The species is native to Africa. It lives in slow-flowing forest streams, coastal swamps, and floodplains in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Characteristics and disposition

The dwarf pygmy dog ​​is only 4 cm long. A very calm and shy species.

Coloration of yellow-beige with four transverse black stripes. Characteristically elongated, orange in color, tail fin resembling a flame. In nature, there are several color varieties (e.g. yellow, red, blue), therefore the color of the fins may vary. Males are slightly larger, more colorful and have longer fins than females.

They are not shoal fish, however they look better in a larger group and exhibit more interesting behavior. They inhabit the upper zones of the aquarium.

Nutrition and feeding

Pygmy fish are predatory fish, they eagerly eat live or frozen food, the diet can be supplemented with dry food.

Aquarium

They look best in an aquarium with a dark substrate (peat will be ideal), locally densely overgrown, with numerous hiding places. Floating vegetation recommended, among which they most like to stay.

They are good jumpers, so a cover is essential. They color best in relatively bright lighting. They can be kept in a social aquarium, but with a carefully selected cast. They are easily intimidated by larger and stronger fish. Suitable companions include razors ( galaxy , espei , wedge ), cichlids ( ramireza , Bolivian ), kiryski ( panda , motley ) and other gentle pike.

Breeding

Breeding of dwarf squats is quite difficult. The water in the breeding aquarium should be soft and slightly acidic, approx. 5.5 ph, with a temperature of approx. 25-26 ° C. It is advisable to filter the water through a peat filter.

The tank is best shaded with lots of plants, also floating. Fish should be provided with small-leaved plants such as java moss or an artificial ‘mop’ on which to spawn. A substrate is not required and a small sponge filter will suffice for filtration. For several days, we feed the fish abundantly with live food, choose one male and two females and place them in a previously prepared spawning tank in the evening. Spawning usually takes place in the morning of the next day.

The fish spawn every 24 hours for approx. 2 weeks. However, it is recommended to keep them for a maximum of a week due to the fact that fish do not spawn, especially females. The observed roe grains are gradually and delicately caught in a separate, shallow (3-5 cm water) tank. Every day we check the condition of the roe and pick out each moldy grain with e.g.

a pipette. Adding 1-3 drops of malachite green can prevent mold. Hatching takes 10-14 days depending on the water temperature. The fry are relatively small and grow slowly. In the first days, we feed the young with micro foods, then (after 3-4 days) with micro nematodes and Artemia.

The water level should be low at first and gradually increased as the fry grow. In a densely overgrown, well-kept tank, this reproduction can take place without our intervention, but we will not obtain fry in such numbers as when reproducing in a separate aquarium. Adult fish rarely eat their offspring.

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