Chinese hillstream loach

Aquarium fish: Chinese hillstream loach (Beaufortia kweichowensis)
Size: 7.5 cm
Origin: Asia
Water temperature: 16-24 ° C
Aquarium volume: 54 l

Chinese hillstream loach (Beaufortia kweichowensis ) – a small, freshwater aquarium fish with an interesting, original appearance, also called a weirdo .


Asia . It occurs in the area of ​​China and Vietnam. It lives in the bottom zones of shallow, cool, fast-flowing, clear and oxygen-rich mountain streams, usually with gravel or sandy bottoms.

Characteristics and disposition

In the wild, it can grow up to 10 cm in length.

In aquarium conditions it rarely exceeds 8 cm. The body is flattened on the abdomen, somewhat resembling a combination of a stingray with a steel armor. The characteristic wide, flat, fleshy pectoral and abdominal fins act as a suction cup that helps the fish stay in place. Broad head. The torso narrows towards the back.

Coloration of the body gray-brown, covered with numerous, irregularly distributed, dark spots. The belly is light, with the gills highlighted in pink. Sexual dimorphism is poorly visible . Gender can be recognized by the shape of the head and body by looking at the fish from above. Females are wider and more massive, the shape of the mouth smoothly flows into the pectoral fins.

Males are more slender, muzzle more rectangular, clearly separated from the pectoral fins at right angles. Chinese rebates are calm and gentle fish towards other species. Males may exhibit species territorialism within. At the same time, they are not aggressive. They live in larger, loose groups.

It is recommended to keep at least 6 individuals in the aquarium. Often considered shy fish, this is not entirely true. Males are definitely bolder than females. Kept in larger groups, they cover small areas, and the strongest of them is the most suitable for feeding. They guard the selected areas against other males of their species as well as fish of a similar appearance.

The presence of females is tolerated. Females choose quieter places with noticeable water movement. Kept in smaller numbers of 2 or 3 individuals, they can be shy and often invisible, hidden in hiding, especially females.

Nutrition and feeding

In natural habitats, most of the diet is presumably made up of microorganisms that grow on the surface of rocks, stones, algae and plants. In captivity, they accept good quality dry and live or frozen foods.

A high protein diet is not recommended . Plant foods and spirulina tablets should be given more often. However, it is best to provide the aquarium with conditions conducive to the development of algae that will settle on numerous surfaces.


They require an aquarium with a base of at least 60 × 30 cm. They do well on gravel, sand or mixed ground.

Various sizes of flat stones can be used for decoration. Roots that color the water and thus reduce the amount of light and algae growth should be avoided. Although plants are rare in the environment in which they live, you can decorate the aquarium with durable species such as Mikrozorium, Anubias, Krynia. The water, most importantly, should be clean and well-oxygenated , recommended superfiltration and additional air stones, as well as regular water changes. Chinese pads should never be introduced into freshly placed, immature tanks.

During cleaning, it is best to clean only the front glass of the aquarium. The optimal temperature of the water is in the range of 16 – 24 C, but they can periodically be kept at slightly higher temperatures, provided that the water is highly oxygenated. Mild fish but due to environmental requirements the choice of accompanying species is quite limited. Fish from a similar environment are: Barilius , Garra , Devario , some Razbory , Rhinogobius , Sicyopterus and Stiphodon gobies, and catfish of the genera Glyptothorax , Akysis and Oreoglanis . Carp fish from the Nemacheilidae, Balitoridae and Gastromyzontidae families will also be suitable, but there may be harmless skirmishes between them.

Not suitable for goldfish tanks.


In nature, it breeds seasonally. In an aquarium, reproduction occurs extremely rarely and accidentally. The spawning requirements and behavior are unknown. They are probably digging holes under the rocks, and the reservoir must be in a rushing creek style.


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