Burmese border loach

Aquarium fish: Burmese border loach (Botia kubotai)
Size: 15 cm
Origin: Asia
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Aquarium volume: 200 l

Burmese border loach (Botia kubotai ) – a type of aquarium fish from the family Botiidae. Previously placed in the Piskorzowace family. It was only in 2004 that the genus Botia was changed and classified into its current genus. The species has been described quite recently and quickly gained popularity among aquarists. In 2002, fish collectors working in western Thailand expanded the area of ​​their exploration to Myanmar (Burma), where they discovered this species, among others.

Kubotai is named after one of the collectors – Katsuma Kubota, who collected and shipped the fish for identification.

Occurrence

Asia. Endemic species, occurs only in the upper waters of the Salween River basin, near the border between Burma and Thailand. The first specimens were collected from the Megathat stream in the upper Ataran basin in the state of Kayin, Myanmar. Later, another population was discovered in the Hanthayaw River in the Tak Province of Thailand.

The places where these fish occur are characterized by slowly flowing waters in the shade of the forest. Top waters seemingly well oxygenated and clear. The ground is mixed with sand and gravel, with plenty of litter and wood.

Characteristics and disposition

It can grow up to 15 cm in length, but is usually smaller than 10 cm. The body is elongated, compressed, covered with small scales, with an arched back and a flat belly.

The head is large, with the mouth pointing downwards. Black, gray, golden spots on the body are arranged in a pattern that changes with the age of the fish. Approximately 2.5 cm young specimens closely resemble Loaf histrionica , have a yellow body and dark vertical stripes. Over time, a dark horizontal line appears connecting the vertical stripes. Gray dots begin to appear on them, which increases with age.

At approx. 5 cm, the upper and lower parts of the vertical bands begin to merge to form a pattern of large yellow ovals along the body. The pattern is not repeatable and may vary slightly from subject to subject. Gender difficult to distinguish . Adult females are usually slightly larger than males and more stocky.

Adult males in good condition have a slender head with characteristic fleshy lips. Bocje live in groups in which complex social hierarchies are formed and should be kept in the number of min. 5-6 individuals, preferably 10 or more. When kept individually they can be withdrawn or aggressive towards similar looking fish. In the case of keeping 2-3 fish, the dominant one may intimidate the rest, even to the point where they will stop eating.

A number of behavioral behaviors recorded in aquariums indicate that they apparently need regular contact with other representatives of their species.

Nutrition and feeding

Loaches are mostly carnivorous fish, but they also eat plant matter when available, including plants with soft leaves. The natural diet includes aquatic molluscs, insects, worms, and other invertebrates. Most are not picky, but their aquarium diet should be varied. You can give them high-quality dry, live and frozen food, such as chopped earthworms, tubifex, artemia, watermelon, etc.

As well as fresh plant fruits and vegetables, such as cucumber, melon, blanched spinach or zucchini. It is also recommended to prepare your own food mixed with natural ingredients. Chopped earthworms can be a good source of protein, but should be served sparingly. Loaches are also eager to eat snails, but they should never be bought as a way to fight a snail plague. After acclimatization in the aquarium, they gain courage and swim to the middle parts of the water for food.

Aquarium

An aquarium for a small group should have min. 120 cm long and 30 cm wide, the height is not that important. Loaches require a well-arranged aquarium, but the final decor will more or less depend on personal preferences. A natural style reservoir can have sandy or gravel ground, with lots of pebbles, smooth rock, and dry branches and roots. Lighting should be rather dim.

Plants can also be placed in the aquarium. In such conditions, for example, Mikrozoria, Anubiasy, Mosses will grow, and attached to the decorations, they will give the desired shaded places. Otherwise, when arranging the tank , remember to provide the bots with a lot of hiding places, because they are very curious and like to discover their surroundings. You should avoid sharp edges and leaving too small gaps in which the fish could get stuck. Rocks, wood, pots and aquarium decorations can be used in any combination to achieve the desired effect.

Fish can sometimes jump above the water surface, so a cover will be necessary. Although loaches do not require a strong flow, they do best in well-oxygenated water. They require pristine water purity for their proper development. They do not tolerate excessive accumulation of organic waste. For these reasons, they should never be introduced into immature, biologically unstable aquariums.

You should also watch for weekly water changes in the amount of 30-50%. They do not show any special aggression, but should not be kept with much smaller fish that could be intimidated by their size and sometimes a lot of activity. You should also avoid the company of slow-swimming fish with long fins, such as fighters, guppies and many cichlids. Elongated, hanging fins can be plucked. More suitable companions are open-water, calm carp fish such as the genus Barilius , Luciosoma, Balantiocheilos ( Barbonymus ) and Barbonymus (Barbonymus).

When it comes to other demersal fish, most of the Botia genus and in very large Chromobotia macracanthus aquariums . Optionally, there may also be some Epalzeorhynchos (Coarse Green), Crossocheilus (Siamese Coarseed) and Garra (Garra rufa) and many of the Catfish. The best way to avoid problems in a social aquarium is to do some thorough research before selecting future inhabitants.

Breeding

Very difficult. Most associates do not breed in aquariums, although some, including B.

Kubota, are bred on livestock farms using special hormones. Unfortunately, in recent years, this practice has moved to a completely different level. Numerous hybrids began to appear on the market, including a cross between Bocja histrionica and B. magnificent (Chromobotia macracanthus). In 2008, one of the breeders in a large social aquarium had a single approx.

4 cm fry. The parameters of the water in the reservoir were close to the optimal ones given on the website. Adult fish were fed a variety of foods.

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