Blue acara

Aquarium fish: Blue acara (Andinoacara pulcher)
Size: 14 – 16 cm
Origin: South America
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Aquarium volume: 240 l

Blue Akara (Andinoacara pulcher) is a fish from the cichlid family popular in aquarium breeding.


South America . The species lives in Trinidad, Tobago, Colombia and Venezuela. Found in a variety of aquatic environments, from cloudy stagnant waters to clear streams and rivers.

Characteristics and disposition

In the aquarium, the blue aquarium grows to approx.

Blue acara (Andinoacara pulcher ) – 16 cm in length, in nature up to 20 cm. Oval body with a wide frontal lobe. The sides of the body are yellow-brown with shades of green and blue. Belly paler. Each of the scales of a blue acara is adorned with a blue or blue-green iridescent spot.

The trunk lines are crossed by 5 to 8 dark, transverse, wide stripes. Yellow iris of the eye. Dorsal fin edged with a narrow orange-red line. The other fins, just like the body, are characterized by a bluish sheen. During reproduction, a series of green and gold dots appear on the body.

Males color a little more intensively and have more elongated dorsal and anal fins. The dorsal fin is sometimes longer than the caudal fin. Females are more dull and round.

Nutrition and feeding

Blue acars are carnivorous fish, they require high-protein foods . In nature, they eat insect larvae and their adult forms, as well as crustaceans.

In some areas, they have been used to control the mosquito population. In the aquarium, you can feed high-quality dry food, regularly supplemented with frozen and live foods, e.g. artemia, tubifex, bloodworm or chopped earthworm.


For breeding a pair of blue Akar, min. 240 liter aquarium, preferably with a soft, sandy base, decoration of roots and twisted branches.

Fish love to dig through the ground. Floating species, attached to decoration or other but planted in pots, will work well for plants. Sensitive to water pollution, efficient filtration and regular water changes are recommended. The optimal water parameters for them will be pH 6.5.-7.0, 8-10 dGh, 3-5 kH and temperature approx. 25 ° C.

For cichlids of this size, they are rather gentle and can be kept with other fish that will not fit into their mouths. Good roommates will be, for example, medium-sized tetras, cuiras, armored fish and other mild cichlids in larger aquariums.


One of the easier cichlids to breed in aquariums. Breeders recommend buying a group of young fish and natural clarification of the pair among them. Unless the aquarium is large, the remaining specimens should be caught.

The tank should be set up as described above, with slightly soft, acidic water, pH between 6.5 – 7.0 and a temperature of 26 – 28 ° C. It is recommended to use a sponge filter for filtration so that the larvae are not drawn in. Numerous decorations are also necessary – stones, roots, broad-leaved plants, which will provide the fish with a breeding ground. More frequent feeding of live food will encourage the pair to spawn. The parents choose and clean the site, and the female lays eggs in rows, which the male fertilizes.

Usually around 200 eggs are fertilized in this way. Hatching takes place after 48-72 hours. During this time, usually the male protects the territory and the female looks after the eggs, but these roles are sometimes reversed. The fry begin to swim on their own after another 72 hours and can be fed with Artemia larvae or a micro nematode. Parents look after their offspring for about 2 weeks and then they can spawn again.


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